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Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report 9:60-63 (article 18) 1986

Germplasm Resources of Cucumis melo L. from Spain

F. Nuez, G. Anastasio and C. Cortes

Departmento de Genetica, Universidad Politecnica, Valencia, Spain

J. Cuartero and M.L. Gomez-Guillamon

Finca Experimental "La Mayora", Algarrobo-Costa, Malaga, Spain

J. Costa

C.R.I.A., La Alberca, Murcia, Spain

A project was designed for collecting several vegetable crop species germplasm in Spain was undertaken during 1984 and 1985. The project was partially sponsored by I.B.P.G.R./F.A.O. Cucumis melo L. species was enclosed in this project - because it is one of the most important crops in Spain. In addition to many other crops, 180 accessions were collected from different sampling areas: Valencia, Andalucia, Cataluna, Extremadura, Castilla-La Mancha and Aragon. Samples of all of the accessions have been sent to the National Seed Storage Laboratory, U.S.D.A. of Fort Collins, U.S.A.

We have grouped the accessions according to several fruit characteristics.

Table 1. Accessions collected assembled i four groups (A, B, C, and D). The abbreviations for the observations are: D = Dry farming; S = Big size; SW = sweet flavour; E = 'Escrito" (1). R = Ribbed fruits; N = Netted fruits; C = cracked fruits.

Group A.
Predominant skin color at maturity; Green or dark green. Secondary skin colour: white or yellow. Design produced by secondary skin colour: - speckled or spotted,. Fruit skin texture: longitudinally wrinkled, except E-C-8. Flesh colour: white, except V-C-56, AN-C-73 and A-C-4 which have green flesh colour.

Label
Local name
Observations
Label
Local name
Observations
V-C-2 De todo el ano
E
V-C-96 Melo blanc
D
V-C-4 Tendral
-
V-V-98 Pinyonet
D
V-C-6 De pinoncillo
-
V-C-100 Piel de Sapo
-
V-C-19 Melo Groguet
D
AN-C-3 De tajadas senaladas
D, S, R
V-C-26 De todo el ano
-
AN-C-15 De Secano
E
V-C-29
-
S
AN-C-73 Amarillo Blanco Pinon
D, E
V-C-32 Pinyonet
E, S
C-C-7 Piel de Sapo
-
V-C-33 Piel de Sapo
-
C-C-8 Pinyonet
-
V-C-56 Piel de Sapo
-
C-C-11
-
-
V-C-67
-
SW, N
E-C-15 Punteado amarillo
-
V-C-73 Tendral
C
A-C-4 Verdejo
D, N
V-C-81
-
S
A-C-9
-
E
V-C-82 Tendral
E
A-C-17 Piel de Sapo
E
V-C-92 Pinyonet
E
CM-C-4 De comun
E
V-C-95
-
E
 
-
D, E

(1): In Spain the word "escrito" is used to describe the set of lines or marks that generally appear on the fruit skin and which look like letters or features made by a pen or some other very thin cutting object.

Group B.
Predominant skin colour at maturity: pale green, green or dark green, with no secondary skin colour. Fruit skin texture: longitudionaly wrinkled - (superficial, intermediate or deep) except AN-C-2 and CM-C-3. Flesh texture: - firm. Flesh colour: white, except V-C-17, AN-C-14, E-C-1 and CM-C-2, which have green flesh colour, and C-C-23, which has salmon flesh colour.

Label
Local name
Observations
Label
Local name
Observations
V-C-11 Tendral
-
AN-C-10 Tendral
D
V-C-12 Largo
-
AN-C-11 Del pais
D
V-C-17
-
E
AN-C-14 Lucena
D
V-C-22 Malacara
D, S
AN-C-20 De invierno
-
V-C-36 Tendral
S
AN-C-25 Escrito
C
V-C-37 Tendra
-
AN-C-28 Escrito
S, N
V-X-38 Tendral
-
AN-C-48 Gran Alejandro
D, E
V-C-39 Tendral
-
AN-C-50 Bolero
-
V-C-40 Tendral
-
AN-C-58 Rochet
D, E
V-C-43 De tot l'any
S
AN-C-60
-
-
V-C-44 Cabrassado
R, N
AN-C-76 Redondillo de la Canada
D, E
V-C-46 Tendral
-
C-C-3 De agua
E
-C-50
-
E
C-C-6 Tendral
-
V-C-52 Casero
-
C-C-12
-
S
V-C-57 Tendral
-
C-C-13 Mollerusa
D, E
V-C-66
-
-
C-C-18 Mollerusa
D, E
V-C-72
-
-
E-C-1 De Calamonte
E
V-C-76 Tendral
S
E-C-7 Verde de Holguera
D
V-C-84 De la Torre
-
E-C-16 Manto del Senor
D
V-C-90
-
D, E
E-C-28 Melona verdosa
D,S,SW,E,N,C,
AN-C-2 De olor antiguo
D, C
CM-C-2
-
D, SW
AN-C-4 De olor
D, R
CM-C-3
-
-
AN-C-7 Verde gordo
D
A-C-16 De comun
E
AN-C-8 Tendral negro

Group C.
Predominant fruit skin colour at maturity: yellow; with no secondary skin colour , except: AN-C-24, E-C-3, E-C-6, E-C-19, E-C-32 which have green - spots. Fruit skin texture: longitudinally wrinkled (superficial, intermediate or deep), except forV-6-54, AN-C-6, AN-C-29, AN-C-33, AN-C-77, E-C-14, E-C-19 and E-C-29. Flesh texture: firm. except V-C-71, AN-C-6, AN-C-29 and AN-C-77. - Flesh colour: white, except V-C-54, AN-C-1, AN-C-33, AN-C-34 which have green flesh colour and V-C-42, V-C-101, E-C-10 which have salmon flesh colour.

Label
Local name
Observations
Label
Local name
Observations
V-6-23 Tendral
D
AN-C-56 Amarillo
D
V-6-30 De exoportacion
E
AN-C-59 Blanco
S, SP, N
V-6-34 Amarillo
-
AN-C-70 Blanco
-
V-6-41 Alficos
-
AN-C-71 Blanco
-
V-6-42 Alficos
-
AN-C-77 Loperano
D, E
V-6-54
-
SW
E-C-3 Hilo Carrete
D, N
V-6-71 Amarillo Oro
-
C-C-4 Amarillo Largo
D
V-6-80 Blanco
E
E-C-5 Redondo piel lisa
D, E, C
V-6-83 Amarillo Oro
D, E
E-C-6 Fondo amarillo
D
V-6-101 Acordonado
E
E-C-10 Amarillo
S
AN-C-1 Blanco
D
E-C-12 De Badajoz
E, C
AN-C-6 Loperos
D, S
E-C-13 Perita
D
AN-C-24* De olor
S
E-C-14 Amarillo Alargado
D, E, C
AN-C-29 Ardales
D
E-C-17 Melona amarilla
D, C
AN-C-32 Ardaes
D
E-C-19 Cosio
D
AN-C-33 Ardales
D, E, N
E-C-29 Melona amarilla
D, SW, E
AN-C-34 Ardales
D
E-C-32 Fondo verdoso
D
AN-C-53 Amarillo
E
(*): AN-C-24, without Yellow-virus syntoms.

Group D.
Predominant fruit skin colour at maturity: white, with no secondary skin colour except AN-C-5 and AN-C-49, which have spots. Fruit skin texture: - longitudinally wrinkled except E-C-30. Flesh colour: white.

Label
Local name
Observations
Label
Local name
Observations
V-C-21 Blanquet
D
AN-C-49 Ardales
D, C
V-C-35
-
S
AN-C-68 Blanco liso
D, E, R, C
AN-C-5 Castellanos
D, C
AN-C-72 Blanco
N, R, C
AN-C-19 Blanco grueso
D, E
E-C-2 Blanco liso
D, E, R, C
AN-C-31 Ardales
D
E-C-30 Melona blanca
D, E, R

Other accessions. - They have not been characterized yet. The abbreviations for the observations are: SH = short cycle; L = Long cycle; EC = Early crop; LC = Late crop.

Label
Local name
Observations
Label
Local name
Observations
V-C-28 Amarillo
-
AN-C-44 Ardales
D
V-C-31 Alficos "flexuosus"v. AN-C-45 Ardales
D
V-C-45 De tot l'any
-
AN-C-46 Ardales
D
V-C-47
-
sweet AN-C-47 Ardales
D
V-C-51 Alficos "flexuosus"v. AN-C-55 Escrito
D
V-C-53 Alficos
",SH
AN-C-59 De Tarizana
LC
V-C-62
-
-
AN-C-63 Escrito
LC
V-C-63
-
-
AN-C-74 Capitan
D
V-C-64
-
-
AN-C-75 Segovia
D, EC D
V-C-68
-
-
AN-C-78 Amarillo Onteniente
-
V-C-74
-
-
C-C-15
-
D, LC
V-C-75
-
-
C-C-16 Morellusa
D, LC
V-C-79 Calvet
L
C-C-17 Morellusa
D, LC
V-C-87
-
-
C-C-19 Morellusa
D, LC
V-C-97 Francesset
D
E-C-9 Morellusa
L
V-C-102 Calvet
-
E-C-11 Verde
-
V-C-103
-
-
E-C-18 Amarillo
D
AN-C-12 Rider de Lucena
D
E-C-20 Amarillo
D
AN=C=13 Lucena
D
E-C-21 Madura
D
AN-C-16
-
LC
E-C-22 Madura amarilla
D
AN-C-22 Escrito
-
E-C-23 Verdoso
D
AN-C-30 Ardales
D
E-C-24 Maduro negro
D
AN-C-35 Ardales
D
E-C-25 Culo de estrella
D
AN-C-36 Ardales
D
A-C-11
-
-
AN-C-37 Ardales
D
A-C-13
-
-
AN-C-38 Ardales
D
A-C-14
-
L
AN-C-41 Ardales
D
CM-C-8
-
-
AN-C-43 Ardales
D
 
-
AN-C-42 Ardales
D

Acknowledgements: We are extremely grateful to the Diputacion Provincial de Valencia, Servicio de Extension Agraria and to all those who have collected vegetable crop germplasm: G. Palomare, P. Corella, M.S. Catala, F. Benayas, A. Alonso-Allende, M.J. Diez, M.C. Ayuso, R.V. Molina, C. Ferrando.

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Page citation: Wehner, T.C., Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative;
Created by T.C. Wehner and T. Ng, 1 June 2005; design by C.T. Glenn;
send questions to T.C. Wehner; last revised on 11 December, 2009