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Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report 11:54-56 (article 23) 1988

Collecting Cucumis melo L. in Spain

F. Nuez, C. Ferrando and M.J. Diez

Departmento de Biotecnologia. U. Politecnica, Valencia, Spain.

J. Costa and M.S. Catala

C.R.I,A. La Alberca. Murcia, Spain

J. Cuartero and M.L. Gomez-Guillamon

Finca Experimental "La Mayora". C.S.I.C. Malaga, Spain

During 1984 and 1985 a collection of Cucumis melo L. was carried out in Spain.The project, designed for collecting several vegetable crop species germplasm, was partially supported by I.B.P.G.R./F.A.O. The accessions of muskmelon collected, were indicated in the C.G.C. Report 9 (1986) :10-11. Since then, we have collected new accessions of different crop species. Among them, 130 accessions are of muskmelon from the following sampling areas: Murcia (MU), Andalucia (AN), Valencia (V), Castilla-La Mancha (CM), Extremadura (E), Cataluna (C), Baleares (B), Castilla-Leon (CL), Aragon (A).

We have grouped the accessions according to several fruit characteristics observed. The abbreviations for the observations are: C=Cracked fruits; W=Wrinkled; E=Escriturado" (In Spain the work "escrito" is used to describe the set of lines or marks that generally appear on the fruit skin which look like letters or features made by a pen or some other very thin cutting object).

GROUP 1: "PIEL DE SAPO" .-Predominant skin colour at maturity: green. Secondary skin colour: yellow or dark green. Design produced by secondary skin colour: speckled and spotted. Fruit skin texture: firm. Fruit shape: elliptical. Observations: MU-C-24, CM-C-51, E-C-37 and C-C-21 show some of E; C-C-127 shows C.

MU-C-7 Totana AN-C-116 Gaba CM-C-51 Illescas
MU-C-11 Balsicas AN-C-152 Cartama E-C-36 La Haba
MU-C-18 Torre Pacheco V-C-9 Venta Del Moro E-C-37 La Haba
MU-C-24 Corvera V-C-125 Novelda E-C-39 La Codosera
MU-C-26 Balsa-Pintada V-C-127 Petrel C-C-21 Campllonc
MU-C-42 Lorca CM-C-13 Villatoya C-C-25 Ripoll
MU-C-43 Lorca CM-C-15 Filanco C-C-38 Artesa de Segre
MU-C-45 Mazarron CM-C-20 Tolosa CL-C-4 Carracadelo
AN-C-85 Sabiote  

The local names are: AN-C-58 = escrito; AN-C-116 = alagartado; V-C-9, CM-C-20 = pinoncillo; E-C-36 = cocio; E-C-39 = verde pinto; C-C-21 = sucre; All of the other accessions = piel de sapo or pinta sapo.

GROUP 2: "AMARILLO" . - Skin colour at maturity: yellow. Fruit skin texture: superficial wrinkled (except MU-C-23); some of the accessions show E; V-C-119 shows C. Flesh colour: white. Flesh texture: firm Fruit shape: globular.

Label Locality Label Localiaty Label Locality
MU-C-10 Balsicas MU-C-32 Cuevas del ANC-122 Jauja
MU-C-12 Balsicas   Reyllo AN-C-151 Santo Tome
MU-C-17 Torre Pacheco MU-C-35 Cartagena V-C-116 Guardamar
MU-C-23 Los Marinez MU-C-37 Torreaguera V-C-119 Cox
MU-C-27 Lobosillo MU-C-40 Totana V-C-136 Masamagrell
MU-C-28 Lobosillo MU-C-88 Sabiote E-C-38 Don Benito
MU-C-31 La Aljorra AN-C-108 Alcaudete E-C-42 Don Benito
MU-C-33 Palas  

The local names are: MU-C-17. MU-C-28, MU-C-40, and V-C-116 = amarillo oro; MU-C-27, MU-C-35 and E-C-42 = amarillo canario; MU-C-37 = amarillo tardio; V-C-19 = amarillo alicantino; all of the other accessions = amarillo,.

GROUP 3 : "TENDRAL" . - skin colour at maturity: green or dark green. Fruit skin texture: intermediate or deep wrinkled; MU-C-13, MU-C-47, V-C-47. V-C-109, V-C-115, V-C-122, CM-C-52 and E-C-41 show some of E. Flesh colour: white Flesh texture: firm. With different fruit abcision. Fruit shape: oblate, except B-C-2 which has globular fruits.

Label Locality Label Locality Label Locality
MU--13 San Pedro AN-C-101 Alcala la Real V-C-121 Crevillente
MU-C-15 Dolores de AN-C-117 Santa Fe V-C-122 Elche
  Pacheco AN-C-10 Cartagena CM-C-2 Daimiel
MU-C-16 Torre Pacheco AN-C-156 Lucena del CM-C-55 Aricollar
MU-C-20 La Puebla   Puerto E-C-41 Santa Amalia


V-C-109 Pilar de la C-C-33 Montiro
MU-C-47 Aquilas   Horadada B-C-2 Favaritx
AN-C-86 Sabiote V-C-115 San Fulgencio  

The local names are: MU-C-16, B-C-2 = de toto el ano; AN-C-86, AN-C-117, AN-C-156 = verrugoso; AN-C-140 = de invierno negro; V-C-115 = verde; V-C-121 = negro de Elche; CM-C-55 = negro escriturado; E-C-41 = verdejo; C-C-33 = valencia; all of the other accessions = tendral.

GROUP 4 : "ROCHET" . Skin colour at maturity; green. Fruit skin texture: superficial wrinkled; "escrito" with variable intensity; AN-C-157 Flesh colour: white or white-green. Fruit shape: oblate-globular.

Label Locality Label Locality Label Locality
MU-C-6 Murcioa AN-C-157 Moguer V-C-123 Elche
MU-C-14 Dolores de V-C-108 Pilar de la CM-C-50 Rielves
  Pacheco   Horadada C-C-36 Puigcercos
MU-C-30 Fuente Alamo V-C-118 Callosa de CL-C-2 Toro
MU-C-41 Totana   Segura  

The local names are: MU-C-6 = flor de Murcia; AN-C-157, CL-C-2 = escrito; V-C-118 = verde valenviano; CM-C-50 = mochuelo; c-c-36 = valenciano; all of the other accessions - rochet.

GROUP 5 - "BLANCO" . - Predominant skin colour at matrity: white, Secondary skin colour: green. Design produced by secondary skin colour: spotted (poligonal shape). Flesh colour: white or white-green. Flesh texture: firm. Fruit skin texture: superficially wrinkled; some of "escriturado". Fruit shape: globular.

Label Locality Label Locality Label Locality
AN-C-90 Canena AN-C-91 Canena A-C-19 Sadaba

The local names are: AN-C-90 = tempranillo; N-C-93, A-C-19 = blanco.

GROUP 6 : OTHER TYPES . - The abbreviations used for the observations are: Skin colour G = green, Y = yellow, H = white; design produced by secondary skin color S = spotted, K = speckled; fruit skin texture N = netted, R = ribbed, E = "escriturado" (SE = some of "escriturado", IE = intermediate), C = cracked, W = wrinkled (SW = superficial, IW = intermediate). D = dry farming.

Label Locality Observ. Label Locality Observ.
MU-C-19 Torre Pacheco G,E,IW E-C-35 La Haba Y-G, IW
AN-C-109 Santa Ana H,R E-C-40 Olivenza Y,W
AN-C-124 Jauja Y,S,R,C AN-C-150 Sanot Tome Y,S,N
AN-C-131 Arcos de la G,K (WHITE),IW E-C-46 Quintana de G,W
  Frontera     la Serena  
V-C-24 Lliber G,SE C-C-37 Pons G,S,IW
V-C-126 Elda Y,IW C-C-39 Artesa de (pale), S,W
CM-C-26 Tarazona de G.S.W.D   Segre  
  la Mancha   B-C-1 Ciudadela G,N,IW
CM-C-40 Ribagorda G,N,IE,SW,C  

The local names are: MU-C-19 = canario; AN-C-109 = coca; AN-C-131, CM-C-26, B-C-1 = de olor; AN-C-124 = de tajadas senaladas ("Ogen type") V-C-24, V-C-126 = tendral; CM-C-40 = piel de sapo; E-C-35, E-C-40 = melona; E-C-46 =banda de Godoy; AN-C-150 = rayado; C-C-37 = escriturado de Montsonis; C-C-39 = cuarenteno.

In addition to these groups we found 35 accessions showing variability of types: 9 from Andalucia, 7 from Valencia, 6 from Castilla-La Mancha, 5 from Murcia, 3 from Cataluna and Extremadura and 2 from Baleares.

Acknowledgements: We are extremely grateful to the Diputacion Provincal de Valencia, Servicio de Extension Agraria and to all those who have collected vegetable crop germplasm: C. Cortes, G. Anastasio, R.V. Molina, P. Corella, M.C. Ayuso, G. Palomares, A. Alonso-Allende.

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Page citation: Wehner, T.C., Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative;
Created by T.C. Wehner and T. Ng, 1 June 2005; design by C.T. Glenn;
send questions to T.C. Wehner; last revised on 9 April, 2010