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Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report 13:1-3 (article 1) 1990

Cucumber Cultivars and Breeding Lines for the U.S.D.A. Plant Introduction Collection

Todd C. Wehner

Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh NC 27695-7609

The USDA cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) germplasm collection includes cultivars and breeding lines that are useful to the American pickle and slicer industry as cultivars, pollenizers, and/or parents of hybrids. The working collection consists of approximately 800 accessions, and is stored at the Regional Plant Introduction Station at Ames, Iowa. The Cucurbit Crop Advisory Committee has been considering additional cultivars and breeding lines (referred to collectively as cultigens) to include in that germplasm collection. In order to determine which cultigens we might add, I have listed many of the important inbreds that are already part of the collection (Table 1). In addition, I have developed a list of cultigens that should be considered for inclusion in the germplasm collection (Table 2). The list was developed from my list of inbreds that are or have been useful in production or breeding, especially those that are no longer maintained commercially.

I hope this report will generate discussion on these cultigens. Is there agreement that they should be maintained in the germplasm collection, and are there any additions or deletions that should be made? Are there seed supplies available (many of them have already been obtained, evaluated and increased as part of the germplasm evaluation effort at NCSU)?

If the cultigens are included in the germplasm collection, they will serve several functions: 1) preservation of useful cultigens that are not being maintained currently, 2) availability of cultigens to plant breeders for cultivar improvement, and 3) provision of reference points for evaluation of the germplasm collection for specific traits. Many of the cultigens are already used as check for earliness, chilling resistance, or disease resistance, so it would be useful to have those a permanent part of the germplasm collection.

Table 1. American type cucumber cultivars and breeding lines that are currently in the U.S.D.A. germplasm collection.

Cultivar

PI Number

Origin

Cultivar

PI Number

Origin

Alko Bush Cucumber

PI 267747

United States

Improved Long Green

PI 265887

Netherlands

Apple Shape

PI 135122

New Zealand

Kyoto Three Feet

PI 400270

Japan

Armour

PI 306785

Canada

L 2

PI 401732

Puerto Rico

Beit Alpha

PI 292010

Israel

L 27

PI 401733

Puerto Rico

Beth Alpha

PI 211117

Israel

London Long Green

PI 385968

Kenya

Boston Heyare

PI 344348

Turkey

M 1

PI 209064

United States

Boston

PI 344347

Turkey

M 14

PI 209065

United States

Butchers Disease Resister

PI 356833

United Kingdom

M 16

PI 209066

United States

Clark No. 156

PI 249896

Zambia

M 20

PI 209067

United States

Concorde

PI 373917

United Kingdom

M 24

PI 209068

United States

Cool And Crisp

PI 385967

Kenya

M-2

PI 466921

Soviet Union

Cornell Chinese Long

PI 267744

United States

M-2c

PI 466922

Soviet Union

Delcrow

PI 279807

Canada

Manchuko Wonder

PI 114339

Japan

Delilah

PI 376063

Israel

Monique

PI 372584

Netherlands

Esvier

PI 255934

Netherlands

Nagaoka Longfellow

PI 267741

Japan

Everyday

PI 274902

United Kingdom

Ottawa 41

PI 451975

Canada

Everyday

PI 374726

United Kingdom

P. R. 39

PI 401734

Puerto Rico

Favor II

PI 284699

Sweden

Spangberg Pickling

PI 342950

Denmark

Favor II

PI 324239

Sweden

Sporu S

PI 372893

Netherlands

Green Apple

PI 289698

Australia

Spotresisting

PI 356832

Netherlands

Green Spot

PI 372898

Netherlands

Washburn's Waxy

PI 304805

United States

Green Spot Super

PI 277741

Netherlands

Yates Crystal Apple

PI 135123

New Zealand

Table 2. Cucumber cultivars and breeding lines that should be added to the U.S.D.A. germplasm collection.

Cultivar

Origin

Cultivar

Origin

A & C

Niagara Seed

Grand Rapids Forcing

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Addis

N. C. State Univ.

Green Prolific

Wood & Sons (NSSL)

Alpha Green

NSSL

Green Thumb

Harris Seed

Ansansky

NSSL

Gy 2

N. C. State Univ.

Aodai-Nazare

Asgrow Seed

Gy 3

Clemson Univ.

Arlington White Spine

NSSL

Gy 3u

Cornell Univ.

Armstrong Early Cluster

-

Gy 4

N. C. State Univ.

Ashe

N. C. State Univ.

Gy 5

N. C. State Univ.

Ashley

Clemson Univ.

Gy 14

Clemson Univ.

Black Diamond

Hollar

Gy 14u

Cornell Univ.

Brice

Burrell Seed (NSSL)

Gy 54

Clemson Univ.

Burpee Pickler

Burpee Seed

Gy 57

Clemson Univ.

Burpee's Sunnybrook

Burpee Seed

Gy 57u

Cornell Univ.

Burpless 33

Hastings Co. (NSSL)

H 19

Univ. Arkansas

Carnimus

Royal Sluis

Hanover

-

Challenger

Niagara (NSSL)

Heinz Pickling

Burpee Seed (NSSL)

Chicago Pickling

NSSL

Highmoor

Maine AES

China

-

Homegreen #2

-

Chipper

Clemson Univ.

Ilima

Hawaii AES

Chipper u

Cornell Univ.

Improved Long Green

NSSL

Clinton

N. C. State Univ.

Improved White Spine

Hastings (NSSL)

Colonial

Harris (NSSL)

Indefatigable Of Konigsdorf

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Coolgreen

Asgrow Seed

Japanese Climbing

NSSL

Cracker Lee

NSSL

Japanese Long

NSSL

Crystal Apple

NSSL

Klondike

NSSL

Crystal Salad

-

Lemon

NSSL

Cubit

Associated Seed (NSSL)

Little John

Univ. Arkansas

Cumberland

NSSL

LJ 90430

USDA, La Jolla

Danish Common

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Long Green

Northrup King

Danish Mustard

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Long Marketer

Ferry-Morse

Davis Perfect

Niagara Seed

Long of Keschmet

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Delicatesse

NSSL

Longfellow

Farmer Seed (NSSL)

Double Yield

NSSL

M 21

N. C. State Univ.

Dual

Clemson Univ.

M 27

N. C. State Univ.

Dublin

Stokes Seed

M 41

N. C. State Univ.

Dwarf PSMR 18 WS

Cornell Univ.

Magnolia

Mississippi AES (NSSL)

Dwarf SMR 18 u

Cornell Univ.

Maine No. 2

Maine AES

Dwarf Tablegreen

-

Mandarin

Vaughan-Jacklin (NSSL)

Earliest of All

Ferry-Morse (NSSL)

Marketer

Associated Seed

Early Cluster

NSSL

Marketmore

Cornell Univ.

Early Fortune

NSSL

Marketmore 70

Cornell Univ.

Early Green Cluster

Wood & Sons (NSSL)

Marketmore 70F

Cornell Univ.

Early Michigan

Burgess Seed

Marketmore 72

Cornell Univ.

Early Russian

NSSL

Marketmore 72F

Cornell Univ.

Early White Spine

NSSL

Marketmore 76

Cornell Univ.

English Telegraph

-

Marketmore 76F

Cornell Univ.

Everbearing

Burpee Seed (NSSL)

Marketmore 80

Cornell Univ.

Eversweet

-

Marketmore 80F

Cornell Univ.

Extra Early Majestic

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Marketmore 80 Bw

Cornell Univ.

Fletcher

N. C. State Univ.

Marketmore 85

Cornell Univ.

Galaxy

Clemson Univ.

Marketmore 86

Cornell Univ.

Giant White Arnstadt

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Marketmore 87

Cornell Univ.

Golden State Pickle

Robinson Seed

Marketsett

Clemson Univ.

Midget

Minnesota AES

Seifu

Takii (Wageningen)

Milo

Hawaii CTAHR

Seiran

Takii (Wageningen)

Mincu

Minnesota AES

Shamrock

Iowa AES

Minn. Dwarf Cuke XII

Minnesota AES

Shogoin

Cornell Univ. (NSSL)

Model

Associated Seed (NSSL)

Sieger

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Monopol

Wageningen

Slice

Clemson Univ.

Morden Early

Morden, Canada

Smoothie

N. C. State Univ.

MSU 713-5

Michigan State Univ.

Snake

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Muronium

Niagara (NSSL)

Snow's Perfection

Harris (NSSL)

Nappa 63

Asgrow Seed (NSSL)

Snow's Pickling

-

National Pickling

NSSL

Sour Pickling

-

Natsufushinari

-

Southern Pickler

Arkansas AES

Niagara

Cornell Univ.

Southernsett

Harris-Moran

Northern Pickling

Maine AES

Spacemaster

Cornell Univ.

Ohio MR 17

Heinz and Ohio AES

Spacemaster 80

-

Ohio MR 25

Heinz and Ohio AES

Spartan Salad

Michigan State Univ.

Ohio MR 200

Heinz and Ohio AES

SR 6

Wisconsin AES

Orig. Groene St.

Wageningen

SR 551

Cornell Univ.

P 51

Ferry-Morse

SR 551F

Cornell Univ.

P.R. 10

Puerto Rico AES

SR 551 Bw

Cornell Univ.

P.R. 27

Puerto Rico AES

Stays Green

NSSL

Packer

Associated Seed

Stono

Clemson Univ.

Palmetto

Clemson Univ.

Straight Eight

NSSL

Palomar

Ferry-Morse

Sumter

Clemson Univ.

Pick

Clemson Univ.

Sumter u

Cornell Univ.

Pickler's Special

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Sunny South

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

Pixie

Clemson Univ.

Tablegreen

Cornell Univ.

Pixie u

Cornell Univ.

Tablegreen 65

Cornell Univ.

PMR 551

Cornell Univ.

Tablegreen 66

Cornell Univ.

PMR 551F

Cornell Univ.

Tablegreen 68

Cornell Univ.

PMR 551 Bw

Cornell Univ.

Tablegreen 72

Cornell Univ.

Poinmarket

Clemson Univ.

Tablegreen 72F

Cornell Univ.

Poinsett

Clemson Univ.

Tablegreen 72 Bw

Cornell Univ.

Poinsett 76

Cornell Univ.

Tachibana 1

Wageningen

Poinsett 83F

Cornell Univ.

Tachibana 2

Wageningen

Poinsett 83 bi

Cornell Univ.

Tagoods Her Majesty

Wageningen

Poinsett 87

Cornell Univ.

Telegraph Improved

NSSL

Polaris

Clemson Univ.

Tex Long

NSSL

Producer

Associated Seed, CT

Tiny Dill

New Hampshire AES

Prolific

Sakata Seed

TMG-1

China

PSMR 18 WS

Cornell Univ.

Vestervange

Wyoming USDA (NSSL)

PSMR 18 WSF

Cornell Univ.

Wautoma

USDA-Wis

Quick Grow

Vaughan-Jacklin (NSSL)

White Lemon

NSSL

Redlands Long White

New World Seeds

White Wonder

Northrup King

Rhinish Pickling

-

WI 2757

Wis-USDA

Rhinish Drue

-

Windermoor Wonder

Stokes Seed

Riesenschal

Royal Sluis

Wis. SMR 12

Wisconsin AES

Robin 50

Niagara (NSSL)

Wis. SMR 15

Wisconsin AES

Salad Ace 1

Wageningen

Wis. SMR 18

Wisconsin AES

Salad Ace 2

Wageningen

WS Royal Improved

Clemson Univ.

Santee

Clemson Univ.

Yomaki

Niagara (NSSL)

SC 10

Clemson Univ.

Yorkstate Pickling

Cornell Univ.

SC 19B

Clemson Univ.

Zeppelin

Van Der Ploeg

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Department of Horticultural Science Box 7609North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh, NC 27695-7609919-515-5363
Page citation: Wehner, T.C., Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative;
Created by T.C. Wehner and T. Ng, 1 June 2005; design by C.T. Glenn;
send questions to T.C. Wehner; last revised on 14 December, 2009