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Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report 17:12-13 (article 3) 1994

A Set of Cucumbers to Represent the American Market

Todd C. Wehner

Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7609

I often receive requests for a set of cultigens (cultivars, breeding lines and plant introduction accessions) that represents the diversity of the American cucumber market. The cultigen set might be used for testing herbicides, starting a breeding program, or for basic research where a representative sample is needed for proper extrapolation to the whole population. It is difficult to define a set of cultigens that represent all of the diversity, but after many genetic studies I have settled on a primary and secondary set that serve the purpose. The primary set would suffice if only a small sample can be grown, but the secondary set should be added for better representation. For breeding, the cultigens should be chosen that represent the types needed.

The cultigens presented here are a subset of those recommended to expand the USDA cucumber germplasm collection (1). Fruit type is American pickle or slicer type, and there are also some round-fruited and Beit Alpha (middle eastern) types that have useful traits. Sex expression is gynoecious, monoecious or hermaphroditic. Region is the general area of the U.S. used for breeding and testing. Usually southern cultigens have white spined fruits and resistance to anthracnose, while northern cultigens have black or white spined fruits and resistance to scab and cucumber mosaic.

Perhaps other researchers can suggest representative sets that work better, or that cover different market areas of the world.

Table 1. A set of 12 primary and 28 secondary cucumber cultigens that represent the American marketz .

Cultigen
Type
Sex
Region
AR
Notes
Primary (12 cultigens)
Coolgreen
Beit Alpha
Mon
N/A
S
Susceptible to most diseases
Gy 14
Pickle
Gyn
South
R
Common inbred
Gy 57u
Slicer
Gyn
South
R
Common inbred
M 21
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Dwarf-determinate
Marketmore 76
Slicer
Mon
North
S
Common inbred
Poinsett 76
Slicer
Mon
North
S
Common inbred
Straight 8
Slicer
Mon
North
S
Standard of 1940s
Sumter
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Standard of 1980s
Tablegreen 72
Slicer
Mon
North
R
Standard of 1970s
WI 2757
Beit Alpha
Gyn
North
R
Multi-disease resistant
Wisconsin SMR 18
Pickle
Mon
North
S
Standard of 1960s
Secondary (28 cultigens)
Addis
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Long fruits
AR 75-79 (Little John)
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Little leaf
Armstrong E. Cluster
Round
Mon
N / A
S
Early flowers
Chipper
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Blocky fruits
Clinton
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Blocky fruits
Delcrow
Pickle
Mon
South
R
Late yielding
Early Russian
Slicer
Mon
North
S
1854 cultivar
Gy 3
Pickle
Gyn
North
S
Common inbred
Gy 4
Pickle
Gyn
South
R
High yielding gynoecious
Homegreen #2
Slicer
Mon
South
R
Gummy stem blight resistant
Lemon
Round
Herm
North
S
Hermaphroditic
LJ90430
Round
Mon
North
S
Wild type
M 27
Pickle
Mon
N / A
S
Dwarf-determinate
Marketmore 80 Bw
Slicer
Mon
South
R
Common inbred
Marketmore 85
Slicer
Mon
North
S
Small dwarf
Marketmore 86
Slicer
Mon
North
S
Medium size dwarf
Model
Pickle
Mon
North
S
Standard of 1940s
MSU 713-5
Pickle
Gyn
South
S
First gynoecious inbred
National Pickling
Pickle
Mon
North
S
Standard of 1930s
Producer
Pickle
Mon
North
S
Standard of 1940s
Redlands Long White
Slicer
Mon
South
S
White fruits
Slice
Slicer
Mon
North
S
Multi-disease resistant
Spacemaster 80
Slicer
Mon
South
R
Dwarf-determinate
Spartan Salad
Pickle
Mon
North
S
Powdery mildew resistant
SR 551
Pickle
Mon
North
S
Scab resistant pickle
TMG-1
Trellis
Mon
North
S
Virus resistant
Wautoma
Pickle
Mon
North
R
Multi-disease resistant
White Wonder
Slicer
Mon
North
S
White fruits

zFruit type is American pickle or slicer, round-fruited, or Beit Alpha (middle-eastern).
Sex expression is gynoecious (Gyn), monoecious (Mon) or hermaphroditic (Herm).
Region in north or south U.S. or not applicable (N / A).
Anthracnose resistance (AR) is resistant (R) or susceptible (S).

Literature Cited

  1. Wehner, T.C. 1990. Cucumber cultivars and breeding lines for the U.S.D.A. plant introduction collection. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 13:1-3.
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Department of Horticultural Science Box 7609North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh, NC 27695-7609919-515-5363
Page citation: Wehner, T.C., Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative;
Created by T.C. Wehner and T. Ng, 1 June 2005; design by C.T. Glenn;
send questions to T.C. Wehner; last revised on 11 December, 2009