Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report 19:106-108 (article 41) 1996
Covenant and By-Laws of the Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative
Article I. Organization and Purposes
The Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative is an informal, unincorporated
scientific society (hereinafter designated "CGC")
organized without capital stock and intended not for business
or profit but for the advancement of science and education
in the field of genetics of cucurbits (Family: Cucurbitaceae).
Its purposes include the following: to serve as a clearing
house for scientists of the world interested in the genetics
and breeding of cucurbits, to serve as a medium of exchange
for information and materials of mutual interest, to assist
in the publication of studies in the aforementioned field,
and to accept and administer funds for the purposes indicated.
Article II. Membership and Dues
The membership of the CGC shall consist solely of active
members; an active member is defined as any person who is
actively interested in genetics and breeding of cucurbits
and who pays biennial dues. Memberships are arranged by
correspondence with the Chairman of the Coordination Committee.
The amount of biennial dues shall be proposed by the Coordinating
Committee and fixed, subject to approval at the Annual Meeting
of the CGC. The amount of biennial dues shall remain constant
until such time that the Coordinating Committee estimates
that a change is necessary in order to compensate for a
fund balance deemed excessive or inadequate to meet costs
of the CGC.
Members who fail to pay their current biennial dues within
the first six months of the biennium are dropped from active
membership. Such members may be reinstated upon payment of
the respective dues.
Article III. Committees
1. The Coordinating committee shall govern policies and
activities of the CGC. It shall consist of six members elected
in order to represent areas of interest and importance in
the field. The Coordinating Committee shall select its Chairman,
who shall serve as spokesman of the CGC, as well as its
Secretary and Treasurer.
2. The Gene List Committee, consisting of five members,
shall be responsible for formulating rules regulating the
naming and symbolizing of genes, chromosomal alterations,
or other hereditary modifications of the cucurbits. It shall
record all newly reported mutations and periodically report
lists of them in the Report of the CGC. It shall keep a
record of all information pertaining to cucurbit linkages
and periodically issue revised linkage maps in the Report
of the CGC. Each committee member shall be responsible for
genes and linkages of one of the following groups: cucumber,
Cucurbita spp., muskmelon, watermelon, and other
genera and species.
3. Other committees may be selected by the Coordinating
Committee as the need or fulfilling other functions arises.
Article IV. Election and Appointment of Committees
1. The Chairman will serve an indefinite term while other
members of the Coordinating Committee shall be elected for
ten-year terms, replacement of a single retiring member
taking place every other year. Election of a new member
shall take place as follows: A Nominating Committee of three
members shall be appointed by the Coordinating Committee.
The aforesaid Nominating Committee shall nominate candidates
for an anticipated opening on the Coordinating Committee,
the number of nominees being at their discretion. The nominations
shall be announced and election held by open ballot at the
Annual Meeting of the CGC. The nominee receiving the highest
number of votes shall be declared elected. The newly elected
member shall take office immediately.
In the event of death or retirement of a member of the
Coordinating Committee before the expiration of his/her
term, he/she shall be replaced by an appointee of the Coordinating
Members of other committees shall be appointed by the Coordinating
Article V. Publications
1. One of the primary functions of the CGC shall be to
issue an Annual Report each year. The Annual Report shall
contain sections in which research results and information
concerning the exchange of stocks can be published. It shall
also contain the annual financial statement. Revised membership
lists and other useful information shall be issued periodically.
The Editor shall be appointed by the Coordinating Committee
and shall retain office for as many years as the Coordinating
Committee deems appropriate.
2. Payment of biennial dues shall entitle each member to
a copy of the Annual Report, newsletters, and any other
duplicated information intended for distribution to the
membership. The aforementioned publications shall not be
sent to members who are in arrears in the payment of dues.
Back numbers of the Annual Report, available indefinitely,
shall be sold to active members at a rate determined by
the Coordinating Committee.
Article VI. Meetings
An Annual Meeting shall be held at such a time and place
as determined by the Coordinating Committee. Members shall
be notified of time and place of meetings by notices in
the Annual Report or by notices mailed not less than one
month prior to the meeting. A financial report and information
on enrollment of members shall be presented at the Annual
Meeting. Other business of the Annual Meeting may include
topics may include topics of agenda selected by the Coordinating
Committee or any items that members may wish to present.
Article VII. Fiscal Year
The fiscal year of the CGC shall end on December 31.
Article VIII. Amendments
These By-Laws may be amended by simple majority of members
voting by mail ballot, provided a copy of the proposed amendments
has been mailed to all the active members of the CGC at
least one month previous to the balloting deadline.
Article IX. General Prohibitions
Notwithstanding any provision of the By-Laws or any other
document that might be susceptible to a contrary interpretation:
- The CGC shall be organized and operated exclusively
for scientific and educational purposes.
- No part of the net earnings of the CGC shall or may
under any circumstances inure to the benefit of any individual.
- No part of the activities of the CGC shall consist of
carrying on propaganda or otherwise attempting to influence
legislation of any political unit.
- The CGC shall not participate in, or intervene in (including
the publishing or distribution of statements), any political
campaign on behalf of a candidate for public office.
- The CGC shall not be organized or operated for profit.
- The CGC shall not:
(a) lend any part of its income or corpus without the receipt
of adequate security and a reasonable rate of interest
(b) pay any compensation in excess of a reasonable allowance
for salaries or other compensation for personal services
(c) make any part of its services available on a preferential
(d) make any purchase of securities or any other property,
for more than adequate consideration in money's worth;
(e) sell any securities or other property for less than adequate consideration in money or money's worth; or
(f) engage in any other transactions which result in substantial diversion of income or corpus to any officer, member of the Coordinating Committee, or substantial contributor to the CGC.
The prohibitions contained in this subsection (6) do not
mean to imply that the CGC may make such loans, payments,
sales, or purchases to anyone else, unless authority be
given or implied by other provisions of the By-Laws.
Article X. Distribution on Dissolution
Upon dissolution of the CGC, the Coordinating Committee
shall distribute the assets and accrued income to one or
more scientific organizations as determined by the Committee,
but which organization or organizations shall meet the limitations
prescribed in sections 1-6 of Article IX.