Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative
Other Crop Genetics Cooperatives
Home About Membership Reports Gene Lists Conferences Links Search NCSU
Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report 22:61-77 (article 23) 1999

Gene List for Watermelon

1999

Bill Rhodes

Horticulture Department, E142 Poole Agriculture center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0375

Fenny Dane

Department of Horticulture, 101 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849

Lists of the genes of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakaio) have been published previously in HortScience, 1976 (40) and in the cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report, 1979(3). 1982(4), 1985(5), 1991(8), 1992(9) and 1995(38). the current list provides an update of the known genes in watermelon. Table 1 of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) was kindly provided from the GenBank data base by Jeong-Sheop Shin and Sunghan Ok (South Korea).

Gene symbol
Preferred Alternate
Character
Reference
a
-
andromonoecious. Recessive to monoecious.
32,34,42
Aco-1
-
Aconitase-1
26
Aco-2
-
Aconitase-2
26
Adh-1
-
Alcohol dehydrogenase-1. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band.
27, 28, 54
Adh-11
-
Alcohol dehydrogenase-11 One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. found in C. lanatus var. citroides and C. colocynthis.
27, 28, 54
Adh-12
-
Alcohol dehydrogenase-12. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. found in C. lanatus and C. lanatus var. citroides.
27,28, 54
Adh-13
-
Alcohol dehydrogenase-13. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
27, 28, 54
Adh-14
-
Alcohol dehydrogenase-14 . One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
27, 28, 54
Af
-
Aulacophora faveicollis resistance. Resistance to the red pumpkin beetle. Dominant to susceptiility.
47
Aps-1
Acph-A
Acid phosphatase-1
26, 27, 28, 54
Aps-21
-
Acid phosphatase-21. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus and C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Aps-22
-
Acid phosphatase-22. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
Ar-1
B, Gc
Anthracnose resistance to race 1 of Glomerella cingulata var. orbiculare.
7,17,51
Ar-21
-
Anthraconose resistance to race 2 of Colletotrichum lagenarium derived from PI 299379 and PI 189225. Resistance in Citrullus colocynthis is due to other dominant factors.
20,21,45,46,52
b l
tl
branch less. Meristems for tendrils and branches are ultimately replaced by floral meristems.
18,39,58
C
-
Canary yellow flesh. Dominant to pink. ii inhibitory to CC, resulting in red flesh. In the absence of ii, CC isepistatic to YY.
31, 12
d
-
dotted seed coat. Black dotted seeds when dominant for r, t, and w.
14, 33, 34
db
-
Resistance to gummy stem blight caused by Didymella bryoniae from PI 189225. Recessive to susceptibility.
30
dg
-
delayed green. Cotyledons and young leaves are initially pale green but later develop chlorophyll. first reported to behypostatic to l-dg. More recent evidence (submitted for publication) indicate simple recessivenes.
37
Dia-1
-
Diaphorase-1
27
dw-1
-
dwarf-1. Short internodes, due to fewer, shorter cells than normal. allelic to dw-1S .
19, 25
dw-1S
-
short vine. Allelic to dw-1. Vine length interiediate between normal and dwarf. Hypocotyl somewhat longer thannormal vine and considerably longer than dwarf. dw-1S recessive to normal.
8
dw-2
-
dwarf-2. Short internodes, due to fewer cells.
19, 24, 25
Fwr
-
Fruit fly resistance in watermelon. Dominant to susceptibility to Dacus cucurbitae.
15
g
d
light green skin. Light green fruit recessive to dark green (D) and striped green (dS)
29, 32, 47
gs
ds
striped green skion. Recessive to dark green but dominant to light green skin.
31, 51
Gdh-1
-
Glutamate dehydrogenase-1. Isozyme located in cytosol.
27
Gdh-2
-
Glutamate dehydrogenase-2. Isozyme located in plastids.
26, 27
gf
-
green flower color.
16
gms
msg
glabrous male sterils. Foliage lacking trichomes; male sterile - caused by chromosome desynapsis.
36, 49, 50
go
c
golden. Yellow color of older leaves and matue fruit.
1
Got-1
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-1 One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26,27,28, 54
Got-11
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-11.One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis and Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26,27,28,54
Got-12
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-12. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus var. citrodes.
26,27,28,54
Got-13
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-13. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26,27,28,54
Got-2
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-2. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26,27,28,54
Got-21
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-11 One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26,27,28,54
Got-22
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-12. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band,. Found in C. ecirrhosus.
26,27,28,54
e
t
explosive rind. Thin, tender rind, bursting when cut.
31,34
Est-1
-
Esterase-1. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26,27,28
Est-11
-
Esterase-11 . One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band., Found in C. lanatus var. citroides and C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Est-12
-
Esterase-12 . One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Est-13
-
Esterase-13 . One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28
Est-14
-
Esterase-14 One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. ecirrhosus.
26 27, 28
Est-15
-
Esterase-15 . One of six co-dominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
Est-2
-
Esterase-2. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 28
Est-21
-
Esterase-21. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Est-22
-
Esterase-22. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Est-23
-
Esterase-23. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28
Est-24
-
Esterase-24. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
f
-
furrowed fruit surface. Recessive to smooth.
31
Fdp-1
-
Fructose 1,6 diphosphatase-1.
27, 28
Fo-1
-
Dominant gene for resistance to race 1 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum.
11, 29
For-1
-
Fructose 1,6 diphosphatase-1
26
Got-23
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-23. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26,27,28,54
Got-24
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-24. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Got-3
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-3.
54
Got-4
-
Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase-4.
26, 54
hsp70
-
Heat shock protein 70. One gene presequence 72-kDa hsp70 is modified differently in glyoxomes and plastids.
52
l-dg
-
Inhibitor of delayed green. Epistatic to dg: dg dg l-dg and dg dg l-dg i-dg plants are pale green; and dg dg i-dg i-dg plants are normal. This gene was not present in more advanced germplasm.
37
ldh-1
-
lsocitrate dehydrogenase-1
54
i-C
-
inhibitor of canary yellow, resulting in red flesh.
12
ja
-
juvenile albino. Chlorophyll reduced by short days in seedlings, leaf margins, rind.
58
l
-
long seed. Long recessive to medium length of seed; interacts with s.
33
Lap-1
-
Leucine aminopeptidase-1
26, 27
m
-
mottled skin. Greenish white mottling of fruit skin.
31, 51
ms
-
male sterile,
55, 56
msdw
-
male sterile, dwarf
13
Mdh-1
-
Malic dehydrogenase-1. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
28, 54
Mdh-11
-
Malic dehydrogenase-11. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
28, 54
Mdh-2
-
Malic dehydrogenase-2. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
28
Mdh-21
-
Malic dehydrogenase-21. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. Colocynthis.
28
Mdh-22
-
Malic dehydrogenase-22. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
28
Me-11
-
Malic enzyme-11 .Oneof three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Folund in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Me-12
-
Malic enzyme-12 . One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28, 54
Me-2
-
Malic enzyme-2
54
nl
-
nonlobed leaves. Leaves lack lobing; dominance incomplete.
23
O
-
Elongate fruit. Incompletely dominant to spherical.
31, 51
p
-
pencilled lines on skin. Inconspicuous; recessive to netted fruit.
31, 51
Pgd-1
6 Pgdh-1
6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase-1. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 30, 54
Pgd-11
6 Pgdh-11
6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase-11 . One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgd-2
6 Pgdh-2
6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase-2. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one cutosolic band. Found in C. lanatus.
27, 54
Pgd-21
6 Pgdh-21
6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase-21. One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. ecirrhjosus.
28, 54
Pgd-22
6 Pgdh-22
6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase-22 . One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
28, 54
Pgd-23
6 Pgdh-23
6-Phosphogluconate dehudrogenase-23 . One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. colocynthis.
28, 54
Pgd-24
6 Pgdh-24
6-Phosphogluconate dehudrogenase-24 . One of five codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
28, 54
Pgi-1
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-1. One of three codominant lleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 28
Pgi-11
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-11. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found inC. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28.
Pgi-12
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-12. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in Acanathiosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
Pgi-2
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-2. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgi-21
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-21. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. lanatus and C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgi-22
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-22. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. ecirrhosus.
26, 27, 28. 54
Pgi-23
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-23 . One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgi-24
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-24. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. lanatus var. citroides.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgi-25
-
Phosphoglucoisomerase-25. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgm-1
-
Phosphoglucomutase-1. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in C. lanatus.

26, 27, 28, 54

Pgm-11
-
Phosphogluycomutase-11. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgm-12
-
Phosphoglucomutase-12. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one plastid band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgm-13
-
Phosphoglucomutase-13. One of four codominant alleles. each regulating one plastid band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Pgm-2
-
Phosphoglucomutase-2. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. lanatus.
28, 54

Pgm-21

-
Phosphoglucomutase-21. One of four codominant alleles, each rgulating one cytosolic band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
28, 54
Pgm-22
-
Phosphoglucomutase-22. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in C. lanatus.
28, 54
Pgm-23
-
Phosphoglucomutase-23. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one cytosolic band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
28, 54
pm
-
powdery mildew susceptibility. Susceptibility to Sphaerotheca fulginea.
41
Prx-1
-
Peroxidase-1. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 28
Prx-11
-
Peroxidase-11. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Prx-12
-
Peroxidase-12. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullous fistulosus.
26, 27, 28
Prx-13
-
Peroxidase-13. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27. 28
Prx-14
-
Peroxidase-14. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. ecirrhosus.
26, 27, 28
Prx-15
-
Peroxidase-15. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus and C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Prx-16
-
Peroxidase-16. One of seven codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
Prx-2
-
Peroxidase-2
28
Prx-3
-
Peroxidase-3
28
r
-
red seed coat. Interacts with w and t.
33
s
-
short seeds. Epistatic to l.
33
Sat
-
Serine acetyltransferase. Catalyzes the formation of O-acetylserine from serine and acetyl-CoA.
43
Skdh-1
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-1
54
Skdh-2
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-2. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band.
26, 27, 28
Skdh-21!
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-21 . One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Skdh-22
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-22. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Skdh-23
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-23. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
Skdh-24
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-24 . One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. ecirrhosus.
26, 27, 28
Skdh-25
-
Shikimic acid dehydrogenase-25. One of six codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28
slv
-
Seedling leaf variegation. Conferred by a single recessive gene. Dominant allele at same locus in PI 482261.
35
Sod-1
-
Superoxide dismutase-1. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Sod-11
-
Superoxide dismutase-11 . One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28, 54
Sod-12
-
Superoxide dismutase-12. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosixyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28, 54
Sod-2
-
Superoxide dismutase-2. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band, Found in C. lanatus.
28
Sod-21
-
Superoxide dismutase-21. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
28
Sod-3
-
Superoxide dismutase-3. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
28
Sod-31
-
Superoxide dismutase-31. One of two codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
28
Sp
-
Spotted cotyledons, leaves and fruit.
37
Spr-1
-
Seed protein-1
27
Spr-2
-
Seed protein-2
27
Spr-3
-
Seed protein-3
27
Spr-4
Sp-4
Seed protein-4
26, 27
Spr-5
Sp-5
Seed protein-5
26, 27
su
Bi, suBi
supressor of bitterness. Non-bitter fruit. Bitterness in C. colocynthis is due to Su Su genotype.
2, 26
t
bt
tan seed coat. Interacts with r and w.
22, 33
tl
tl
tendrilless. After 4th or 5th node, vegetative axiillary buds are transformed into flower buds and leaf shape is altered.
39, 57
Tpi-1
-
Triosephosphatase isomerase-1. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
26, 27, 28
Tpi-11
-
Triosephosphatase isomerase-11 . One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. colocynthis.
26, 27, 28
Tpi-12
-
Triosephosphatase isomerase-12. One of four codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
26, 27, 28
Tpi-13
-
Trsosephosphatase isomerase-13. One of four codominant alleles, each rgulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
26, 27, 28
Tpi-2
-
Triosephosphatase isomerase-2. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in C. lanatus.
28
Tpi-21
-
Trisephosphatase isomerase-21. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Acanthosicyos naudinianus.
28
Tpi-22
-
Triosephosphatase isomerasei-22. One of three codominant alleles, each regulating one band. Found in Praecitrullus fistulosus.
28
Ure-1
-
Urease-1
28
w
-
white seed coat. Interacts with r and t.
33
Wf
-
White flesh. Wf is epistatic tothe second gene b (or C?) which conditions yellow (Canary yellow) and red flesh. WF_B_ and WF_bb are white fleshed, wf wf B_ is yellow fleshed, and wf wf b b is red fleshed.
44
y
f
yellow flesh ('Golden Honey' type). Reessive to Y (red flesh).
10, 31, 34, 12
yO
-
orange flesh (from 'Tendersweet Orange Flesh'). Allelic to y. (red flesh); yO (orange flesh) and y (yellow flesh); yO (orange flesh) is dominant to y (yellow flesh).
10, 12
Yl
-
Yellow leaf (from 'Yellow Skin'). Incompletely dominant to green leaf.
48

Table 1. Summaries of watermelon Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) with significant homology to known genes.

Putative Identity
Accession No.
Putative Identity
Accession No.
Primary metabolism

Photosystem I protein psaL

AI563046

3-ketoacyl-coA thiolase

AA660039

Photosystem I psaH protein

AI563128

3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase

AA660057

Photosystem I reaction center subunit III precursor

AA660032

ACC oxidase

AI563157

Photosystem II 10 kD polypeptide

AA660158

ACC synthrase

AI563272

Photosystem II oxygen-evolving complex protein 1

AA660158

Acetyl-CoA acyltransferase

AI563047

Photosystem II oxygen-evolving complex protein 2

AI563177

Acid phosphatase precursor

AA660161

Photosystem II oxygen-evolving complex protein 3

AI563234

Aconitate hydrase

AA660145

Photosystem II protein psbK

AI563267

Acyl-coA dehydrogenase and epoxide hydrolase

AA660045

Ribophorin I homologue

AI563050

Adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxonoanoate aminotransferase

AA660037

Rubisco activase

AA660135

Amidophosphoribosyltransferase

AA660094

Rubisco small subunit

AA660026

AMP-binding protein

AA660131

Sedoheptulose-1, 7-biphosphatase chloroplast precursor

AA660026

Carbonic anhydrase

AA660102

Thioredoxin-f

AI563275

Chlorophyll A/B binding protein

AA660064

Transketolase

AI563214

CAB-21

 

UricaseII

AI563243

CP29

AI563142 Amino acid synthesis and processing

CAB-36

AA660163

40S Ribosomal protein S2

AI563127

CAB-37

AA660116

40S Ribosomal protein S5

AA660095

CAB-151

AI563254

40S Ribosomal protein L3

AA660031

Cinnamoyl-CoA reductase

AI563265

50S Ribosomal protein L35

AI563242

Cytochrome b5

AA660129

60S Ribosomal protein L1B

AA660110

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1

AI563078

60S Ribosomal protein L23-1

AA660016

Cytochrome c!, heme protein

AI563065

60S Ribosomal protein L24

AI563148

Cytochrome P450 like_TBP

AI563252

60S Ribosomal protein L34

AA6600127

Deoxycytidylate deaminase

AI563080

60S Ribosomal protein L37A

AI563135

Electron transfer flavoprotein beta unit

AI563129

Alanine aminotransferase

AI563086

Ethylene-forming enzyme-like dioxgenase

AI563096

Alanyl-tRNA synthetase

AI563076

Ferredoxin

AI563096

Aminoacyl-t-RNA synthetase

AI563108

Formate dehydrogenase precursor

AA660126

Asparagine synthetase

AI563114

Fructose-bisphosphatase

AI563089

Chaperonin 10

AA660089

Fructose bisphosphate aldolase

AI563093

Chaperonin 10 beta subunit

AI563217

Fumarate hydratase

AI563262

ClpC protease

AI563160

Glucosyltransferase

AI563099

Cyclophilin

AA6600049

Glutamate dehydrogenase 2

AI563225

Cysteine synthase

AI563124

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase

AI563175

Elongation factor (EF-TuB)

AA660106

Ketol-acid reductoisomerase

AI563215

Glutamine synthetase root isozyme 4

AI563060

Lipase

AA660109

Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase

AI563051

Lipase (lysophospholipase)

AA660096

Glutathionine reductase cytosolic

AA660006

Maleate dehydrogenase

AA660028

Heat shock protein

AA660075

Malate oxidoreductase

AI563049

Nucellin

AI563122

Monodehydroascorbate reductase

AA660034

Peptide chain release factor 2

AI563239

NADH dehydrogenase

AA660051

Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase

AI563056

NADH glutamate dehydrogenase

AA660052

P-Protein-like protein

AI563121

NADPH quinone oxidoreductase

AI563185

Protease (trypsin-like)

AI563071

N-carbamyl-L-amino acid Amidohydrolase

AA660138

Protease inhibitor (cysteine)

AI563159

Oxayl-CoA decarboxylase

AI563232

Protease inhibitor (Remti-V)

AI563140

Oxygen-evolving enhancer protein 2

AA660030

Protease inhibitor (serine)

AI563053

Oxygen-evolving enhancer protein 3

AA660156

Protease inhibitor Trichosanthes trypsin

AI563213

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase

AI563248

Protease inhibitor II

AI563224

Phospho-2-dehydro-3-Deoxyheptonate aldolase 1

AA660108

S-adenosyl methionine synthetase

AI563202

Phosphoglycerate kinase

AI563095

A-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase

AI563200

Photosystem I Accessory Protein E

AI563120

Spermidine synthase

AI563105

Photosystem I P700 apoprotein A1

AI563072

Threonine synthase

AI563068
 

Translation initiation factor (eLF-4A.6)

AA660065
Putative Identity
Accession No.
Putative Identity
Accession No.

Translation initiation factor (elF-4E)

AA660115

Protein kinase YAKI

AA660097

Translation initiation factor SUi 1

AA660143

Protein phosphatase 2C ppH1

AA660004

Tyrosyl-tRNA synthrase

AA660100

Protein phosphatase PP2A catalytic subunit (serine/threonine)

AA660155

Ubiquitin

AI563151

Ran binding protein 1

AA660005

Ubiquitin protein ligase E3

AI563218

Steroid binding protein

AI563210

Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2

AI563249 DNA, RNA related and gene expression
Secondary metabolism

Alfin-1

AI563088

Acetoacetyl-coenzyme A thiolase

AI563074

Ankyrin-like protein

AI563040

Chromoplast-specific carotenoid-associated protein

AI563106

Cys3His zinc-finger protein

AI563208

Cycloartenol Synthase

AI563211

DNA-binding protein

AA660085

Geranylgeranyl hydrogenase

AI563245

DNA-binding protein G2p

AI563197

Glutathionine s-transferase

AA660029

DNA-damage-repair/toleration protein

AA660003

Lipoxygenase

AA660152

Endonuclease P1

AA660099

Loxc homologue

AI563203

EREBP-4

AA660094
Membrane and transport

HD-ZIP protein

AI563062

ABC transporter

AI563287

Histone H1

AI563143

Acyl-binding/lipid transfer protein isoform I

AI563066

Histone H3.2

AA660088

Adenine nucleotide translocator

AI563236

Homeobox-leucine zipper protein hat22

AA660125

ATPase B subunit V-type

AA660024

Polyprimidin tract-binding protein 1

AI563235

ATPase beta subunit

AI563144

Ribonucleoprotein

AA660019

ATPase C subunit

AA66033

RNA helicase

AI563193

ATPase C subunit V-type 16KD protolipid chain

AA660091

RNA-binding protein RZ-1

AI563146

ATPase C gamma-subunit

AI563256

SCARECROW homolog

AA660090

ATPase metal-transporting P-type

AI5563274

Transcription factor

AI563116

ATPase P-type 4

AI563169 Cell wall and metabolism

Coatomer, beta-prime subunit

AI563087

Beta-galactosidase precursor

AI563107

Cyclic nucleotide-regulated ion channel

AI563184

EDPG precursor

AA660101

Lipid-transfer protein

AA660082

Extensin-like protein

AI56152

Mitochondrial phosphate transporter

AI563176

Glycoprotein (hydroproline-rich)

AI563104

Monosaccharide transport protein

AA660083

Glycoprotein EP1

AI563103

Outer plastidial membrane protein

AA660042

Pectin methylesterase

AI563150

Oxoglutarate malate translocator

AI563181

Pectinsterase

AI563153

Probable membrane protein

AA660162 Cell division

Protein translocase

AI563115

Chloroplast FtsH protease

AI563064

Pyrophosphate-energized vacuolar membrane proton pump

AA660118

UDP-glucose glucosyltransferase

AI563082

Scarlet protein

AA660060 Defense

Tetracycline transporter-like protein

AA660060

Aquaporin

AI563055

Umecyanin

AA660011

Catalase

AI563227

Water-stress induced protein

AA660147

DnaJ protein

AI563180

Xylose permease

AA660154

DnaJ-1 protein

AA660002
Signal transduction

ERD15 protein

AI563233

ADP-ribosylation factor

AA660148

Ferritin

AI5563100

Calreticulin

AA660017

Fis1

AI563255

Ethylene receptor

AI563052

Hin1

AI563209

G-protein beta subunit

AA660061

Imidazole glycerol-phosphate dehydrase

AA660081

Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase

AI563063

In2.1 protein

AI563162

Protein kinase (Arabidopsis/ putative receptor

AI563246

Jasmonate induced protein

AI563130

Protein kinase (novel serine/threonine)

AA660087

Manganese superoxide dismutase

AI563126

Protein kinase (receptor-like)

AA660112

Metallothionein-likeprotein

AI563198

Protein kinase (shaggy-like)

AA660105

Mlo protein

AI563090

Protein kinase AFC 2

AA660015

Oxidoreductase P2

AI563205

Protein kinase Xa21

AI563098

Polyphenol oxidase

AI563244
 

Selenium-binding protein

AA660150

Sti

AI563174
Putative Identity Accession No. Putative Identity Accession No.
Treghalase AI563125

IAA induced protein ARG2

AA660063
Others

KIAA 0005

AI563237

21kD protein precursor

AI563069

Lav-Z-pho C

AA660071

AP2 domain containing protein

AI563257

NAM

AI563260

Apoptosis protein MA-3

AI563110

Peroxidase

AI563266

AT103 protein

AI563042

Putative protein (different 4)

AI563228

CoL 2

AA660070

Putative small subunit

AA660111

CONSTANS

AI563221

Senescense-associated protein sen1

AI563212

Cuc 2

AA660001

Sip1 protein

AA660084

Diminuto

AI563189

Small glutamine-rich tetratricopeptide

AI563094

Dormancy-associated protein

AI563216

SRG1 protein

AI563058

Drosophila couch potato protein

AI563113

TIF9.10

AI563247

EST gb/N65759

AI5631133

T7N9.3

AA660079

Glycosylatable polypeptide

AI563268

TCTP protein

AI563270

GRPF1

AA660093

Unknown function protein

AI563043

Haemophilus influenzae permease

AA660093

Unknown protein (different 8)

AI563172

HvB12D homolog

AI563179

Unnamed protein (different 2)

AI563172

Hypothetical protein (different 26)

AI563261

Yease cat8 regulatory protein

AI563201

Literature Cited

  1. Barham, W.S. 1956. A study of the Royal Golden watermelon with emphasis on the inheritance of the chlorotic condition characteristic of this variety. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 67:487-489.
  2. Chambliss, O.L., H.T. Eickson and C.M. Jones. 1968. Genetic control of bitterness in watermelon fruits. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 93-539-546.
  3. Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative, Cucurbit Gene List Committee. 1979. New genes for the cucurbitaceae. Cucurbit Genet.Coop. Rpt. 2:49-53.
  4. Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative, Cucurbit Gene List Committee. 1982. Update of cucurbit gene list and nomenclature rules. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt.. 5:62-66.
  5. Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative, Cucurbit Gene List Committee. 1985. Gene list for cucunber. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt.. 8:86-96.
  6. Dyutin, K.E. and E.A. Afanas' eva. 1987. "Inheritance of the short vine trait in watermelon." Cytology & Genetics (Tsitologiyai Genetika) 21:71-73.
  7. Hall, C.V., S.K. Dutta, H.R. Kalia and C.T. Rogerson. 1960. Inheritance of resistance to the fungus Colletotrichum lagenarium (Pass.) Ell. and Halst. in watermelons. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 75:638-643.
  8. Henderson, Warren R. 1991. Gene List for Watermelon. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 14:129-138.
  9. Hemderson, Warren R. 1992. Corrigenda to the 1991 Watermelon Gene List (CGC 14:129-137). Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 15:110.
  10. Henderson, W.R. 1989. Inheritance of orange flesh color in watermelon. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 12:59-63.
  11. Henderson, W.R., S.F. Jenkins, Jr. and J.O. Rawlings. 1970. the inheritance of Fusarium wilt resistance in watermelon. Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 95:276-282.
  12. Henderson, W.R., G.H. Scott and T.C. Wehner. 1998. Interaction of flesh color genes in watermelon. J. Hered. 89:50-53.
  13. Hexun, Huang, Xiaoqi, Zencheng Wei, Quinghuai Li, and Xi Li. 1998. Inheritance of male-sterility and dwarfism in watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum, and Nakaij]. Scientia Horticulturae 74:175-181.
  14. Kanda, T. 1951. The inheritance of seed-coat colouring in the watermelon. Jap. J. Genet. 7:30-48.
  15. Khandelwal, R.C. and P. Nath. 1978. Inheritance of resistance to fruit fly in watermelon. Can.J. Genet. Cytol. 20:31-34.
  16. Kwon, Young-Seok and Fenny Dane. 1999. Inheritance of green flower color (gf) in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 22:31-33.
  17. Layton, D.V. 1937. The parasitism of Collectotrichum lagenarium (Pass.) Ells. and Halst. Iowa Agr. Expt. Sta. Ann. Bul. 223.
  18. Lin, Depei, Tong Wang, Yejun Wang, Xingping Zhang and B.B. Rhodes. 1992. The effect of the branch less gene b l on plant morphology in watermelon. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 15:74-75.
  19. Liu, P.B.W. and J.B. Loy. 1972. Inheritance and morphology of two dwarf mutants in watermelon. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 97:745-748.
  20. Love, S.L. and B.B. Rhodes. 1988. Single gene control of anthracnose resistance in Citrullus? Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 11:64-67.
  21. Love, S.L. and B.B. Rhodes. 1991. R309. A selection of Citrullus colocynthis with multigenic resistance to Colletotrichum lagenarium race 2. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 14:92-95.
  22. McKay, J.W. 1936. Factor interaction in Citrullus. J. Hered. 27:110-112.
  23. Mohr, H. C. 1953. A mutant leaf form in watermelon. Proc. Assn. Southern Agr. Workers 50:129-130.
  24. Mohr, H.C. 1956. Mode of inheritance of the bushy growth characteristics in watermelon. Proc. Assn. Southern. Agr. Workers 53:174.
  25. Mohr, H.C. and M.S. Sandhu. 1975, Inheritance and morphological traits of a double recessive dwarf in watermelon, Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. J. Amer. Soc.Hort. Sci. 100:135-137.
  26. Navot, N., M. Sarfattio and D. Zamir. 1990. Linkage relationships of genes affecting bitterness and flesh color in watermelon. J. Hered. 81:162-165.
  27. Navot, N. and D. Zamir. 1986. Linkage relationships of 19 protein coding genes in watermelon. Theor. Appl.Genet. 72:274-278.
  28. Navot, N. and Daniel Zamir. 1987. Isozyme and seed protein phylogeny of the genus Citrullus (Cucurbitaceae). Plant Syst. & Evol. 156:61-67.
  29. Netzer, D. and C. Weintall. 1980. Inheritance of resistance to race 1 of Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. niveum. Plant. Dis. 64: 863-854.
  30. Norton, J.D. 1979. Inheritance of resistance to gummy stem blight in watermelon. HortScience14:630-632.
  31. Poole, C.F. 1944. Genetics of cultivated cucurbits. J. Hered. 35:122-128.
  32. Poole, C.F. and P.C. Grimball. 1945. Interaction of sex, shape, and weight genes in watermelon. J. Agr. Res. 71:533-552.
  33. Poole, C.F., P.C. Grimball and D.R. Porter.1941. Inheritance of seed characters in watermelon. J. Agr. Res 63:433-456.
  34. Porter, D.R. 1937. Inheritance of certain fruit and seed characters in watermelons. Hilgardia 10: 489-509.
  35. Provvidenti, R. 1994. Inheritance of a partial chlorophyll deficiency in watermelon activated by low temperatures at the seedling stage. HortScience 29(9):1062-1063.
  36. Ray, D.T. and J.D. Sherman. 1988. Desynaptic chromosome behavior of the gms mutant in watermelon. J. Hered. 79:397-399.
  37. Rhodes, B.B. 1986. Genes affecting foliage color in watermelon. J. Hered. 77:134-135.
  38. Rhodes, Bill and Xingping Zhang. 1995. Gene list for watermelon. Cucurbit Genetics Coop. Rpt. 18:69-84.
  39. Rhodes, B.B,, X.P. Zhang, V.B. Baird, and H. Knapp. 1999. A tendrilless mutant in watermelon: Phenotype and Inheritance. cucurbit Genetics Coop. Rpt. 22: (in press)
  40. Robinson, R.W., H.M. Munger. T.W. Whitaker and G.W. Bohn. 1976. Genes of the cucurbitaceae. HortScience 11:554-568.
  41. Robinson, R.W., R. Provvidenti and J.W. Shail. 1975. Inheritance of susceptibility to powdery mildew in the watermelon. J. Hered. 66:310-311.
  42. Rosa, J.T. 1928. The inheritance of flower types in Cucumis and Citrullus. Hilgardia 3:233-250.
  43. Saito, Kazuki, Kenji Inoue, Rumiko Fukushima, and Masaaki Noji. 1997. Gene 189:57-63.
  44. Shimotsuma, M. 1963. Cytogenetical studies in the genus Citrullus. VII. Inheritance of several characters in watermelons. Jap. J. Breeding 13:235-240.
  45. Sowell, G., Jr., B.B., Rhodes and J.D. Norton. 1980. New sources of resistance to watermelon anthracnose. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 105:197-199.
  46. Suvanprakorn, K. and J.D. Norton. 1980. Inheritance of resistance to anthracnose race 2 in watermelon. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 105:862-865.
  47. Vashishta, R.N. and B. Choudhury. 1972. Inheritance of resistance to red pumpkin beetle in muskmelon, bottle gourd and watermelon. Proc. 3rd Intern. Symposium Sub-Trop. Hort. 1:75-81.
  48. Warid, A. and A.A. Abd-El-Hafez. 1976. Inheritance of marker genes of leaf color and ovary shape in watermelon. Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. The Lyban J. Sci. 6A:1-8.
  49. Watts, V.M. 1962. A marked male-sterile mutant in watermelon. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 81:498-505.
  50. Watts, V.M. 1967. Development of disease resistance and seed production in watermelon stocks carrying the msg gene. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.
  51. Weetman, L.M. 1937. Inheritance and correlation of shape, size, and color in the watermelon, Citruillus vulgaris Schrad. Iowa Agr. Expt. Sta. Res. Bul. 228:222-256.
  52. Wimmer, Bernard, Friedrich Lottspeich, Id van der Klei, Marten Veenhuis, and Christine Gietl. The glyoxysomal and plastid molecular chaperones (70-kDA hear shock protein) of watermelon cotyledons are encoded by a single gene. Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 94:13624-13629.
  53. Winstead, N.N., M.J. Goode and W.S. Barham. 1959. Resistance in watermelon to colletotrichum lagenarium races 1, 2, and 3. Plant Dis. Rptr. 43:570-577.
  54. Zamir, Danioel, Nor Navot and Jehoshua Rudich. 1984. Enzyme polymorphism in Citrullus lanatus and C. colocynthis in Israel and Sinai. Plant Syst, & Evol. 146:163-170.
  55. Zhang, X. P. and M. Wang. 1990. A genetic male-sterile (ms) watermelon from China. cucurbit Genetics Coop. Rpt. 13:45.
  56. Zhang, X.P., H.T. Skorupska and B.B. Rhodes. 1994. Cytological expression in the male sterile ms mutant in watermelon. J. Heredity 85:279-285.
  57. Zhang, Xingping, Bill Rhodes, Vance Baird and Halina Skorupska. 1996. A tendrilless mutant in watermelon: phenotype and development. HortScience 31(4):602. (abstract)
  58. Zhang, X. P., B.B. Rhodes and W.C. Bridges. 1996. Phenotype, inheritance and regulation of expression of a new virescent mutant in watermelon: juvenile albino. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121(4):609-615.
Home About Membership Reports Gene Lists Conferences Links Search NCSU
Department of Horticultural Science Box 7609North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh, NC 27695-7609919-515-5363
Page citation: Wehner, T.C., Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative;
Created by T.C. Wehner and T. Ng, 1 June 2005; design by C.T. Glenn;
send questions to T.C. Wehner; last revised on 15 December, 2009