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Taxonomy of the Genus Cucumis

  • Todd C. Wehner
  • Department of Horticultural Science
  • North Carolina State University
  • Raleigh, NC 27695-7609

Introduction. The taxonomy of Cucumis has been reviewed by several researchers, the most recent J.H. Kirkbride Jr. (1993).

Excluded names include Cucumis asper, which is Cucumella aspera.

Taxonomy. The 32 species of the genus Cucumis are classified as follows:

  1. Cucumis subgenus Melo
    1. Cucumis section Aculeatosi
      1. Cucumis series Myriocarpi
        1. Cucumis myriocarpus
          1. Cucumis myriocarpus subspecies myriocarpus
          2. Cucumis myriocarpus subspecies leptodermis
        2. Cucumis africanus
        3. Cucumis quintanilhae
        4. Cucumis heptadactylus
        5. Cucumis kalahariensis
      2. Cucumis series Angurioidei
        1. Cucumis anguria
          1. Cucumis anguria variety anguria
          2. Cucumis anguria variety longaculeatus
        2. Cucumis sacleuxii
        3. Cucumis carolinus
        4. Cucumis dipsaceus
        5. Cucumis prophetarum
          1. Cucumis prophetarum subspecies prophetarum
          2. Cucumis prophetarum subspecies dissectus
        6. Cucumis pubituberculatus
        7. Cucumis zeyheri
        8. Cucumis prolatior
        9. Cucumis insignis
        10. Cucumis globosus
        11. Cucumis thulinianus
        12. Cucumis ficifolius
        13. Cucumis aculeatus
        14. Cucumis pustulatus
        15. Cucumis meeusei
        16. Cucumis jeffreyanus
        17. Cucumis hastatus
        18. Cucumis rigidus
        19. Cucumis baladensis
      3. Cucumis series Metuliferi
        1. Cucumis metuliferus
        2. Cucumis rostratus
    2. Cucumis section Melo
      1. Cucumis series Hirsuti
        1. Cucumis hirsutus
      2. Cucumis series Humifructosi
        1. Cucumis humifructus
      3. Cucumis series Melo
        1. Cucumis melo
          1. Cucumis melo subspecies melo
          2. Cucumis melo subspecies agrestis
        2. Cucumis sagittatus
  2. Cucumis subgenus Cucumis
    1. Cucumis sativus
      1. Cucumis sativus variety sativus
      2. Cucumis sativus variety hardwickii
    2. Cucumis hystrix

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Created by T.C. Wehner and C. Barrett 5 September, 1996; design by C.T. Glenn;
maintained by T.C. Wehner; last revised on 20 June, 2010