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Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America

Carrot, Lists 1-26 Combined

Edited by Philipp W. Simon

USDA/ARS, Department of Horticulture
University of Wisconsin
Madison, WI 53706

24 Karat (FMX 166) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: FM inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long slender Gold Pak type with smooth cylindrical roots; excellent crack resistance, very good color, no premature bolting tendency. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Trophy. Adaptation: California and the midwestern United States. 1985.

A Plus - Breeder: USDA, Simon and Peterson. Parentage: (6439 x 62742) x 8080. Similar: Imperator. 1983.

Abaco (PS17193) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: very uniform 6 inch Kuroda/Chantenay with high beta-carotene content; early maturity. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight and powdery mildew. Similar: Andros. Adaptation: Caribbean, South America. 1996.

Ace - Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Division FMC. Characteristics: long, tapered, deep-colored root, shipping type. Similar: Waltham Hicolor. 1969.

Alliance (XP3916) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: very large healthy improved tops, long tapered roots with filled tip; Imperator hybrid. Resistance: moderate to Alternaria. Similar: Apache. Adaptation: Florida, Colorado, California, Midwest, Canada. 1998.

Alpha Beta - Vendor: Shamrock. Similar: Imperator.

Andros (PS 16993) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: early maturing, 7 inch Kuroda/Chantenay with strong tops and high yield. Similar: Abaco. Adaptation: Caribbean. 1996.

Annapolis (PX131095) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: cello jumbo type, main crop maturity, 9-10 inch long tapered blunt roots, strong tip, maincrop maturity, high yield potential hybrid. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: Northeast United States. 1999.

Apache - Breeder and vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, strong tops; good early vigor; excellent color and smoothness; good root weight into tip; for bunching or cello. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria, cercospora. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: wide. 1985.

Apollo - Vendor: Chriseed. Similar: Imperator.

Apopka - Breeder: Bassett and Peterson, Florida Agric. Exp. Sta. and USDA. Characteristics: open pollinated. Similar: Imperator. 1985.

Aristo Pak (Hybrid Crk W402) - Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: (B3640 x B3080) x Cr 317C. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, more uniform than Long Imperator for shape and length; good internal color and strong tops; carries weight well to top of root; high quality. Similar: Gold Pack. Adaptation: where shipper-type carrots are grown. 1979.

Asubeni - Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Characteristics: Chantenay type hybrid, mid-early maturity, 8-8.5 inches, very sweet, deep orange color. Similar: Koyo 2gou. Adaptation: United States. 1992.

Atlantis [(4367 x 36402) x 3180] - Breeder and vendor: Department of Hort., University of Wisconsin, USDA, Agric. Research Sta. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early crop production. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: all carrot producing areas. 1987.

Aurora (39144) - Breeder: Omar Diaz. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: long Kureda/Chantenay with good flavor and smoothness, better color and blight tolerance than established cultivars. Similar: Royal Chantenay. Adaptation: Columbia and Chile. 2000.

Avenger (PSX4986) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: market hybrid, shipper, high percentage packout. Resistance: powdery mildew. 1989.

Berlina - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: cylindrical Nantes/Berlicum; 8 1/2 to 9 1/2 inch long, 1 1/2 inch wide, excellent resistance to cracking; heavy yields with good color. Similar: Nantes/Berlicum.

Beta III - Breeder and vendor: USDA-ARS and Department of Hort., University of Wisconsin, Agric. Research Sta. Characteristics: open pollinated, good flavor, color, and high carotene. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: all carrot-producing areas. 1987.

Big Shot (XP3973) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: pushy, very large well-filled root, good strong tops, cello/jumbo Imperator hybrid. Resistance: Alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Apache. Adaptation: United States and Canada. 1999.

Big Top - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Blaze (NVH803) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: early, smooth, roots are cylindrical and blunt tipped, exterior and interior color of roots are deep orange. Resistance: Xanthomonas carrotae, alternaria dauci, cracking. Similar: Caropak, Apache, Dominator, Fanci Pak. 1991.

Bolero - Vendor: Vilmorin. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Nandor, Nanco, Narman. 1989.

Bonanza (457) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform, smooth Chantenay type; interior uniform reddish orange; 13-15" tops. Similar: Red Cored Chantenay. Adaptation: United States. 1977.

Brasilia (XP 5069) - Breeder and vendor: EMBRAPA. Vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, uniform Nantes type. Similar: Kuronan. Adaptation: Central America and Northern Brazil. 1984.

Bunny Bite (E8205) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: miniature Chantenay, excellent early developing color, excellent quality; for baby carrot and home garden use. 1971.

Canada Gold (PSX154109) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: bright orange roots, Imperator shape, smooth and outstanding, fresh eating quality. Similar: Legend (hybrid). 1991.

Candy Pack - Breeder: USDA, C.E. Peterson. Parentage: (3640 x 3080) x 4367. Similar: Imperator. 1977.

Candy Stick (PS140595 [BB]) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: peeler, Caropak maturity, smooth exterior color, excellent tops. Similar: Caropak. Adaptation: California. 1998.

Canners Special - Breeder and vendor: L.P. Gunson and Company, Rochester, New York. Parentage: selection out of red cored Chantenay. Characteristics: uniform shape and color. Similar: Royal. 1955.

Can-Pak (847) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, uniform, high orange color, freedom from green shoulder. Similar: Chantenay. Adaptation: general. 1971.

Caro Best (XPH3623) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: semi-blunt hybrid for fresh market use, medium tops, excellent red-orange color; roots are smooth, 8-10" length. Resistance: alternaria, cercospora, horizontal lesion. Similar: Caropak. 1989.

Caro Brite (XPH3507) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: fresh market shipper for production on both mineral and muckland soils; roots are 8-11" in length, of average smoothness, slightly tapered; both internal and external color is outstanding. Resistance: alternaria, cercospora, rusty root, cavity spot. Similar: Chancellor. 1988.

Caro Chief (XPH3507) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: a fresh market shipper for muckland production; roots are smooth, with good orange color, average in length of 10-12"; medium tops; maturity is main season. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Caro-Pride. 1991.

Caro Choice (XPH3628) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: a blunt, smooth carrot, roots average 8-10" with good orange color, early to midseason maturity; medium top. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Cellobunch. 1989.

Caro Gold (XPH3486) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: fresh market shipper for muckland and mineral soils, roots are 8-11" in length, very smooth, very good red-orange color, roots are slightly tapered to a semi-blunt tip. Resistance: alternaria, cercospora, rusty root. Similar: Chancellor. 1988.

Caro Pride (XPH3622) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: semi-blunt hybrid for fresh market usage, excellent red-orange color, roots are 9-11" long with medium tops, roots are also very smooth in appearance. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Caropak. 1989.

Caro Spike (XPH3708) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: Imperator style hybrid with medium top size, roots are smooth with good orange color, early to main season maturity, root length varies between 8-10". Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Texas Gold Spike. 1990.

Caro Tex (XPH3706) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: tops are medium length with strong attachment, roots are 9-10" with a slight taper, root color is deep orange. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Caro-Spike. 1992.

Caroline - Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed. Characteristics: Chantenay type hybrid, early maturity, 7-8 inch deep orange root. Similar: Koyo 2gou. Adaptation: United States. 1992.

Carolong - Breeder and vendor: USDA, ARS. Parentage: [(6439S x 6274M2) x Apopka]. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long, cylindrical type. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Long Nantes. Adaptation: Nantes areas worldwide, European market. 1988.

Caropak (XPH 569) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, widely adapted United States mechanical harvest hybrid with excellent nutritional and visual quality. Resistance: cercospora, tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Chancellor. Adaptation: United States and Canada. 1985.

Carousel (XPH6442) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: closed pedigree hybrid involving Asgrow parental lines. Characteristics: F1, high seedling vigor, early maturity, smooth, well colored, early maturity; nearly cylindrical roots; suitable for packaging or cross sliced processing. Adaptation: general. Asgrow, Your Crops, What's New for 67, December, 1966.

Casey (XPH 890) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, high yielding and quality carrot for processing. Resistance: tolerance to cercospora leaf blight. Similar: Spartan Bonus 80. Adaptation: northern United States and Europe. 1982.

Cello King (NVH 1010) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Imperator class for fresh market or slicing; roots 9-10" long and 1.25-1.5" in diameter; good exterior and interior color and uniformity; strong foliage attachment; top 18-21" long. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight, bolting. Similar: Woodland, Fanci Pak, Sierra, Sundance. Adaptation: all fresh-market growing areas. 1984.

Cellobunch (XPH 568) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: carries its weight well to tip, good tops, excellent exterior and interior color. Resistance: cercospora, tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Chancellor. 1984.

Centennial (XPH 982) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, excellent interior and exterior quality for slicing, freezing, and canning. Resistance: alternaria and cercospora. Similar: Semi-Nantes. Adaptation: Wisconsin and the Great Lakes. 1986.

Chancellor (XPH 653) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. and Asgrow inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long, uniform. very smooth roots. Resistance: tolerance to leaf blight. Similar: Imperator. 1979.

Chantenay #1 (PS 2590) - Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 13-16 cm root length with 4-6 cm root width at crown, tapering to a 1 cm blunt root tip; crisp, juicy texture, medium orange color with uniform color from exterior to interior, medium size core. Resistance: intermediate to Alternaria leaf blight. Adaptation: Chantenay areas. 2002.

Chantenay 7317 - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Detroit. Parentage: selection from Red Cored Chantenay. Characteristics: vigorous; tops longer, more cylindrical roots, freedom from green core, high yielding. Similar: Red Cored Chantenay. Adaptation: wide. Ferry-Morse Seed Company Descriptive List Supplement. 1957.

Chantenay Andena (XP 402) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, smooth, heavy rooted Chantenay with large diameter and long. Similar: Chantenay 503. 1980.

Chantenay Carrib F-1 (154 164) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: Kuroda type, uniform, high yield, long root 16-17cm, good vigor, early maturity hybrid. Resistance: Alternaria tolerant. Similar: Koyo II. Adaptation: Caribbean. 1997.

Chantenay Hall Type - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Mountain View, California. Parentage: selected by Hall of Campbell Soup Co. Characteristics: greater length, weight, and more cylindrical shape than Red Cored Chantenay. Similar: Chantenay. Adaptation: wide. 1939.

Chantenay Red Core 5 - Breeder: Waldo Rohnert Co. Vendor: S.R.S., Hollister, California. Parentage: selection from Red Core Chantenay. Characteristics: slow bolting, uniform type, deep orange interior. Similar: R.C. Chantenay. Adaptation: northern and eastern canning areas of the United States. 1960.

Chanticleer - Breeder and vendor: Associated Seed Growers, New Haven, Connecticut. Parentage: Long Chantenay. Characteristics: a longer type Chantenay. Similar: Long Chantenay. Asgrow Cat. 1946.

Chantilly (39108) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: long Chantenay, high color, uniform hybrid. Similar: Gold King. Adaptation: home garden. 1999.

Chanton (78-859-1) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform Chantenay type, good color, freedom from green shoulder. Similar: Red Cored Chantenay. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Cheyenne (SUNEX3229) - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: early Imperator type, smooth exterior, good internal color, cylindrical shape. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Six Pak II, Navajo. 1992.

Choctaw (SUNEX3231) - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: vigorous growth, early maturity, strong crops, durable roots, good quality. Resistance: Alternaria dauci. Similar: Navajo, Six Pak. 1993.

Chrisna (78873) - Breeder and vendor: Alf Christianson Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long Nantes type, suitable for slicing or fresh market; roots are 8" long with a smooth, blunt tip with medium tops. Similar: Bonanza. 1981.

Comanche (SUNEX3246) - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: long, slender roots with mostly cylindrical shape, deep orange color, smooth exterior. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Orlando Gold, Imperator. 1993.

Commander (93HR) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: hybrid, high yielding, processing type with good color and smoothness. Similar: Royal Chantenay. Adaptation: northern United States. Joseph Harris Company Catalog, 1969.

Condor (Sunex3134) - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: vigorous, heavy yielding Danvers hybrid for the processing market, good interior color, excellent uniformity. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Danvers 126. 1989.

Convert (XPH3742) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: processed flavor with tapered deep orange colored roots, dual purpose slice and dice type for processing. Resistance: alternaria, blight, long blight. Similar: Flak. 1994.

Corrie (SDC 909) - Breeder: G.S. McWalter. Vendor: Campbell Institute. Characteristics: heavy shouldered dicing carrot, smooth, semi stumped, uniform and intense orange red internal color, very little greening or pale cambium, requires 20+ weeks growth for maximum yield and color development. Similar: Camden F.I., Danvers I26. 1987.

Crispy (PS140695) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: jumbo/cello or cut and peel with 10-11 inch roots; crisp texture and light mild flavor; tapered shape with blunt tip; suitable for multipurpose; late maturity. Similar: Vita-treat. Adaptation: NW United States, NE United States and Canada, and California. 1999.

Crusader (FMX 331) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: 8-10" long slightly blunted small indistinct cores, very good interior color and eating quality with good flavor. Resistance: good. Similar: Caropak.

Cumberland (XPH3738) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: processor type carrot with improved color and carotene; tops are short with acceptable blight resistance. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Danvers 126. 1994.

Cutlass (DEXP. 724) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform, long cylindrical bright orange root free of green shoulder. Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: most carrot growing areas of United States. 1976.

Dagger (DEXP. 316-3) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, uniformity and high color. Similar: Imperator 58. 1974.

Dagger 78 - Breeder: Ron Engle. Vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, high color, smooth, good tip fill. Adaptation: all carrot-producing areas. 1978.

Dan D - Breeder: W.H. Gabelman. Vendor: University of Wisconsin, Madison. Parentage: W255 x W266. Similar: Nantes. 1988.

Danvers 126 - Breeder and vendor: Eastern States Farmers Exchange, West Springfield, Massachusetts. Parentage: selections out of a heat resistant strain of Danvers and developed or improved for better interior color, smoother skin, better uniformity and better yield. Characteristics: roots 7.5-8" long, broad, tapered, semi-stumped, very well colored core; tops large strong, deep green and heat resistant. Adaptation: for market gardening, widely used in canning and processing. Eastern States Coop. 1947.

Danvers Gold - Breeder: W.H. Gabelman. Vendor: University of Wisconsin, Madison. Parentage: W133 x W204. Similar: Danvers. 1971.

Danvers Pride (Danvers 126, H.F.) - Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Division, FMC. Parentage: selection of Danvers 126. Characteristics: "halo free" processing type with excellent bright orange interior and exterior. Adaptation: general. Amer. Vegetable Grower, December. 1971.

Dart (1280C) - Breeder and vendor: ARCO. Characteristics: excellent color and flavor, slight taper with blunt tip, non bolting, good root uniformity. Similar: Imperator, Gold Pak type. 1984.

Dawn (87W342) - Breeder: N. Molenaar. Vendor: Crookham. Characteristics: very uniform root shape, blunt Imperator, uniform dark orange interior color, small core; short top, 15-16". Similar: Olympia. 1991.

Daybreak (87W87) - Breeder: N. Molenaar. Vendor: Crookham. Characteristics: very uniform smooth Imperator, dark orange interior, small to medium core size; short top, 15-16". Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Savory. 1991.

Debut (XPH 979) - Vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: muck carrot, very early maturity. Resistance: cercospora leaf blight. Similar: Spartan Fancy 80. 1983.

Dess Dan (DEXP. 320) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, high color and uniformity. Similar: Danvers 126.

Diamond Cut (XPH18006) - Breeder: L.R. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: Imperator hybrid for cello and jumbo production; long semi-cylindrical roots with strong tops. Resistance: moderate for Alternaria. Similar: Choctaw, Cheyenne. Adaptation: Upper Midwestern U.S. and Canada for muck and mineral soils. 1999.

Diplomat (XPH 231M) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. and Asgrow inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, very fine appearance and uniformity. Resistance: cercospora and tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Imperator. 1980.

Discovery (NVH 1007) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: Imperator style for fresh-market or slicing, roots slightly tapered 9.5-10.25" long and 1.25" in diameter; good exterior and interior color and uniformity; dark green, strong tops 20-22" long. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight, resists bolting. Similar: Fanci Pak, Woodland, Sierra, Sundance. Adaptation: all carrot-producing areas. 1984.

Domination (XPH77-33-22) - Breeder and vendor: Rispens. Characteristics: excellent color and disease resistance. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Blaze. 1993.

Dominator - Vendor: Dessert. Similar: Imperator.

Douceur - Breeder: Nunhems. Vendor: Canners. Characteristics: cylindrical roots, early color development, small core, smooth exterior, Amsterdam type. Similar: Minicore. 1989.

Dynapeel (PS 711207) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cut and peel type; 14 inch roots that are slender with an even diameter; no shoulder, blunt tip; flavor and texture are excellent relative to competing cultivars. Similar: Sugarsnax. Adaptation: U.S.; cut and peel; grower/shipper. 2001.

Eagle (ARCO 209) - Breeder and vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, slicer type, 9-10" long, with good color and less-green shoulder than current standards. Similar: Heavy Nantes and Scarlet Nantes. Adaptation: organic soils in Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan, Ontario and Quebec, Canada. 1987.

Early Gold (PS70092) - Breeder: Gordon McWalter. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: early dicer Chantenay with high beta-carotene for harvest opener; broad shoulder with 7 inch roots. Similar: Chantenay Red Cored. Adaptation: Midwest. 1996.

Eclipse (XPH3739) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: a high color hybrid Danvers type for processor market, tops and short. Resistance: alternaria, blight. Similar: Danvers 126. Adaptation: summer and winter production. 1994.

El President (139-20) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, bright orange, smooth. Resistance: tolerance to bolt and blight. Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Empress - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Company, New Haven, Connecticut. Parentage: selection from Long Imperator. Characteristics: short tops, long cylindrical roots. Similar: F.M. 58. 1960.

Enterprise (PS41893) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: slicer or cut and peel with cylindrical shape and blunt tip; high beta-carotene with uniform interior color; good field holding ability and non-brittle; midseason maturity. Similar: Vita-treat. Adaptation: Washington, Midwest, and Canada. 1995.

Envy (PX 07132127) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early to mid-season maturity; early sizing; cylindrical shape with blunt tip; not brittle; good tops for better and easier harvest; 12 inch length, 1.5 to 1.75 inch diamater (depending on spacing); keeps its unformity on mineral and muck soil. Similar: Apache. Adaptation: NAFTA, northeast U.S. and Canada. 2004.

Estrella (RS 912320) - Breeder: Omar Diaz. Vendor: Seminis-Royal Sluis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Kuroda type, long, smooth, blunt end, 8-10 inches long, 3/4 inches wide, excellent color, small core. Resistance: Alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Bangor. Adaptation: Central America, Caribbean, Central Mexico. 2000.

Eureka - Breeder: Waldo Rohnert Co. Vendor: S.R.S., Hollister, California. Parentage: Imperator, Imperator Extra Long, and Gold Spike. Characteristics: short top, smooth crowns, uniform length. Similar: Imperator Extra Long. Adaptation: Texas and California. 1960.

Evora (Nun7615) - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: short dark foliage, Amsterdam type, medium long and cylindrical root, good shelf life. 1992.

Excellence (XP18002) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: long tops, tapered long cello and jumbo roots, main to late season hybrid. Resistance: Alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Navajo. Adaptation: Washington, Michigan, Canada. 1999.

Falcon - Breeder and vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, slicer type 8-9" long with blunt tip. Similar: Heavy Nantes. Adaptation: Michigan, Wisconsin, Ontario and Quebec, Canada. 1987.

Fanci Pak (471) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Imperator type, selected for uniform interior color and smooth exterior; medium-size top. Similar: Imperator 408 and Imperator 58. Adaptation: most shipping carrot production areas. 1976.

Fancy Nantes (ACX) - Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform size and shape, finger type, strong tops. Similar: Nantes. Adaptation: wide. 1982.

First Class (XPH3818) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: long, smooth deep orange roots with good top fill and blunt tips. Resistance: alternaria, blight. Similar: Imperator. 1995.

Five Star (XP18025) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: early jumbo cello roots, long strong tops Imperator hybrid. Resistance: moderate Alternaria. Similar: Apache. Adaptation: NE United States, Florida, California, Colorado. 1998.

Flame (NVH1005) - Breeder: K. Ladd. Vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: tops are strong 18-22", roots are slightly tapered, blunt tipped 9-10"; excellent interior color. Resistance: good level to xanthomonas; alternaria. Similar: Imperator. 1988.

Flare (NVH1016) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers Brothers. Characteristics: tapered Imperator type with low nitrate and low sodium, and high carotene. Similar: Apache, Six Pak, Fanci Pak. 1992.

Flavor Pak (Hybrid Crk W107) - Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid, (Cr340 x 5986) x Cr 300C. Characteristics: uniform. long, with high color; strong tops aid in easy harvest; roots carry weight well to the tip; good eating quality. Similar: Long Imperator. Adaptation: areas where Long Imperator is used. 1981.

FM 291 (FMX 291) - Breeder: Court Nichols. Vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Chantenay type for processing, dicing; length is slightly longer than Royal Chantenay; complements Mark II. Adaptation: U.S. 2002.

Frantes (XP 434) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, bolting resistant with high quality. Similar: Nantes. Adaptation: United States, Italy, and Spain. 1982.

Gallena (XPH 5120) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, long Nantes type. Similar: Asgrow Nantes. Adaptation: northern Europe and the United States. 1985.

Gladiator (FMX351) - Characteristics: matures early, carries more weight. Similar: Apache. 1993.

Gold King (G1958) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Parentage: selection from Chantenay. Characteristics: intermediate between Royal Chantenay and Red Cored Chantenay, smooth. 1966.

Gold Nugget - Breeder and Vendor: Harris-Moran. Characteristics: cylindrical 7-9 inch Imperator, excellent blunting; very sweet flavor. Similar: Imperator. 1993.

Gold Pak - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Mountain View, California. Parentage: chance cross between Long Type Imperator and Nantes. Characteristics: short tops; long, slender, smooth roots; good color. Similar: Gold Spike. 1956.

Gold Pak 28 - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: improved Gold Pak, slightly heavier, larger, and carrying weight farther down root. Similar: Gold Pak. Adaptation: general. 1967.

Gold Pak 263 (XP 263) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, roots are smooth; good characteristics for storage. Similar: Gold Pak. Adaptation: wide, to the muck and mineral soils in the United States and Canada.

Gold Pride - Vendor: Harris Moran. Similar: Imperator.

Gold Spike - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Mountain View, California. Parentage: field cross large type Imperator x Nantes. Characteristics: long, slender, and smooth; narrow shoulders, strong attachment; excellent buncher and for cellopak. Similar: Long Imperator. Adaptation: wide, excellent on muck. 1953.

Gold Strike (NVH 1001) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: a fresh market and slicing hybrid, approximately 75 day maturity, roots average 9-10" in length by 1 1/4" in diameter, tops are 15-17" tall, bright orange color. Similar: Fanci Pak, Woodland, Sierra. 1983.

Golden Glo - Breeder: University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: OAC 848 x OAC 508. Characteristics: F1, roots 8-9" long, cylindrical, blunt tipped, longer than available Nantes types, with better color and less green shoulder. Resistance: tolerance to cracking. Similar: Long Nantes. Adaptation: midwestern and northeastern United States and Canada. Canada J. Plant Sci. 45:395. 1965.

Golden State - Breeder: C.E. Peterson. Vendor: ARS, California and Florida. Parentage: (3475 x 4367) x F524. Characteristics: smooth, semi stumped, tapered roots; dark orange, uniform interior color, 19-23 cm long, uniform, good flavor, high carotene content. Similar: Orlando Gold. 1983.

Goldmine - Breeder: Crookham. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: cello jumbo type, main crop maturity, 9-10 inches long tapered blunt roots, strong tip, maincrop maturity; heavy yield potential. Similar: Dominator. Adaptation: California. 1983.

Goliath (PS30489) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: dicer or juicer, Danvers type. 1994.

Grenadier (9147) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long, slender fresh-market type with good color and smoothness. Similar: Imperator, Hipak, and Spartan Sweet. Adaptation: northern and western United States and Canada. 1971.

Grower's Choice (KXPC037) - Breeder: K. Markiewicz-Ladd. Vendor: Polonica International. Characteristics: early, Imperator hybrid, very smooth dark orange exterior and interior color, very strong dark green upright tops, excellent jumbo and cut/peel under dense population. Resistance: Alternaria dauci, premature bolting. Similar: Plato, Apache. 1998.

Halfback (RCX6972) - Breeder: Novartis Seeds. Vendor: Frontier. Characteristics: hybrid dicer/Chantenay, 10 days earlier than Gold King; high yield and color. Similar: Goliath. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest and Midwest. 1998.

Harvestmore (Hybrid W403) - Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: (M6000 x M5986) x Cr 317C. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, medium to large tops with strong attachments; culinary quality superior to Long Imperator with deeper interior and exterior color; more succulent texture and sweeter flavor. Similar: Long Imperator. Adaptation: areas where shipper carrots are grown. 1981.

HCM - Breeder: P. Simon, USDA. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: high carotene. Similar: Imperator. 1987.

Healthmaster (154541) - Breeder: J. Waltrip. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: large uniform Danvers hybrid, excellent color and yield for dicing and juicing. 1994.

Heritage (XPH3789) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: hybrid long Nantes type for processor market as a slicer, very uniform, good smoothness, large tops with good freeze tolerance, roots are 7-8" long with excellent color. Resistance: alternaria, blight. Similar: Lucky B. 1994.

Hicolor 9 (XP299) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: selection from Waltham 29. Characteristics: exceptionally smooth, well colored, long slender roots. Similar: Waltham Hicolor. Adaptation: where shipping carrots are grown. Desc. Catalog of Vegetable 20, Asgrow, December. 1965.

Highlight (XP-H6430) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: closed pedigree hybrid involving Asgrow parental lines. Characteristics: F1, high seedling vigor, uniform long, smooth, somewhat tapered, well colored roots for packing or bunching. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: general where this type is grown. 1967.

Hipak - Breeder: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1, long package type with uniform shape, color, and length. Similar: Gold Pak. Adaptation: northeastern United States. 1965.

Huron (ARCO 178) - Breeder and vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, good color, smooth, good tip weight, 9-11". Similar: Imperator class carrots. Adaptation: Michigan, Wisconsin, central California, Colorado, Washington, Ontario and Quebec, Canada. 1987.

Hybrid Gold (W93A x Wissyn 33) - Breeder: University of Wisconsin, Madison. Parentage: W93A x Wissyn 33. Characteristics: F1, large, well colored roots, vigorous and uniform. Adaptation: midwestern United States. Memo to Hybrid Carrot Seed Producers; 1 May 1964.

Icon - Vendor: Chriseeds. Similar: Nantes.

Imperator 406 (NK 406) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, Imperator 408 type with slightly shorter top and a more cylindrical root than Imperator 408; selected for uniform interior color and smoothness of root. Similar: Imperator 408 and 58. Adaptation: all shipping carrot production areas. 1976.

Imperator 408 (NK 408) - Breeder: Northrup King and Company, Minneapolis. Characteristics: long shoot slightly tapered to nearly a point; root about 1" longer than Imperator Long Type, but not as tapered in some trials; selected for smoothness. 1961.

Imperida - Breeder: University of Idaho, Branch Expt. Sta., Parma. Parentage: Imperator x R.C. Chantenay. Characteristics: short tops, refined cores of deeper color. Similar: Imperator cultivar. Adaptation: regionally wherever Imperator types are suited. Ida Agric. Expt. Sta. Circ. 116. 1952.

Inca (Sunex 3132) - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: use as mini or baby carrot; excellent quality, color, vigor, uniformity when grown under high density as mini; strong tops with good crown attachment. Similar: Scarlet Nantes. 1989.

Ingot - Vendor: Chriseeds. Similar: Nantes.

Invicta (PS 715004) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hybrid fresh market Kuroda type with Nantes shape; length is 15-17 cm with 2 cm diameter at the crown; slight taper to a 1.5 cm blunt root tip; color is dark orange with uniform color from exterior to interior; medium size core with slight whitish halo around circumference of the core; exterior surface is very smooth; texture is lightly sweet and crisp; excellent eating quality; high uniformity and quality as compared to standard open pollinated cultivars; slower bolting (moderate bolting tolerance) than standard open pollinated cultivars; strong, but medium sized top. Similar: Concerto, Nantes. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Javelin (D301-3) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, uniformity of shape, color, and size. Similar: Imperator. 1974.

Javelin 80 - Breeder and vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long, slender, straight roots with slight taper. Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: California. 1980.

Juliana (HX 10206004) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: summer type with improved bolting tolerance; cylindrical root shape, earlier maturing than the open pollinated cultivar currently leading the market. Similar: Conquista. Adaptation: NAFTA and Brazil. 2004.

Karina (PS42293) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: high quality Nantes/Imperator, 18-20cm root length, excellent core and external color, large vigorous tops with strong attachment. Similar: no cultivar like it. Adaptation: South America, South Africa, Australia. 1998.

King Imperator (1222) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: top slightly shorter and root slightly slimmer than Imperator 58, higher yield than Gold Pak. Similar: intermediate between Gold Pak and Imperator 58. 1969.

King Midas (13C-X72) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Chantenay type with large tops and root size. Resistance: cracking, tolerance to powdery mildew (field tot.), bolting. Similar: Spartan Bonus. Adaptation: California. 1979.

Kurodin (154-279) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: mid season, medium length (6-7 inch) Kuroda type hybrid, excellent bolt tolerance and yield potential, smooth exterior, strong tops. Resistance: alternaria leaf blight tolerance. Similar: Andros. Adaptation: Caribbean. 1997.

Kuronan (XP 513C) - Breeder and vendor: EMBRAPA. Vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, high quality selection of Kuroda; uniform interior for tropical summer production. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Kuroda. Adaptation: tropical summer production. 1984.

Lance (908) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, uniformity, high orange color with freedom from green shoulder. Similar: Imperator, Long Nantes. Adaptation: general in the United States. 1972.

Lariat (PS 131695) - Breeder: Omar Diaz. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Cello/Jumbo type for fresh market, slicer for Northwest and Midwest, 9-10 inches long, main crop. Similar: Navajo. Adaptation: Northwest and Midwest U.S. 2000.

Legend (PSX4486) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: uniformity, high packout, sweet, firm, crisp flesh. 1990.

Liberty - Vendor: Bakker. Similar: Imperator.

Long Chantenay - Breeder and vendor: Eastern States Farmers Exchange, West Springfield, Massachusetts. Parentage: selection and line breeding from Sherwood Seed Company's Chantenay for length and core color. Characteristics: rapid growth, smooth skin, rounded shoulder, small, full colored core, tender sweet flesh. Adaptation: mineral soils in the Northeastern United States. Eastern States Cooperator 24 (1): 19, 1948.

Long Imperator - Breeder and vendor: Associated Seed Growers. Parentage: Imperator. Characteristics: a standard bunching carrot. 1942.

Long Imperator 11 - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Company, New Haven Connecticut. Parentage: selection from Long Imperator. Characteristics: roots very uniform, longer and more slender than regular Long Imperator. Similar: Long Imperator. Asgrow, Your-Crops, Vol. 6, Number 2, Spring, 1958.

Long Imperator 58 - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Mountain View, California. Characteristics: uniform long roots with good color; used mostly for shipping. Similar: Long Imperator. Adaptation: general. Ferry-Morse Seed Company, 15 April 1963.

Long Knife - Breeder and vendor: Pioneer.

Louisiana Danvers - Breeder: Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Vendor: Renter and Cornell. Parentage: Danvers. Characteristics: uniform color of cortex and stele. Resistance: off-color. Similar: Red Core Danvers. Louisiana Bul. 287, 1937.

Lucky B - Breeder: W.H. Gabelman. Vendor: University of Wisconsin, Madison. Parentage: W259 x W266. Similar: Nantes.

Lucky's Gold - Breeder: W.H. Gabelman. Vendor: University of Wisconsin, Madison. Parentage: W133 x W77C. Similar: Nantes.

Luego (XPH7039) - Breeder: Asgrow. Characteristics: hybrid Nantes type, cylindrical long smooth roots, uniform shape. Similar: Nantes. 1995.

Luxor (XPH7023) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: European Nantes type, length of root is 15-17 cm, roots are very smooth, uniform, cylindrical and blunt, maturity is early, good foliage and attachment for mechanical harvest, well adapted bunching. Similar: Nantes. 1991.

Madamoiselle (E9210) - Breeder: Dr. C. Nichols. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Nantes type, early, medium sized, cylindrical, well stumped high quality. Resistance: tolerance to powdery mildew. Similar: Nantes Strong Top. 1984.

Magnum (HMX 1336) - Breeder: Clause Seed Co. Vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: processing type to be used for slicing; uniform in shape; interior color is acceptable in the market with a very good blunt tip, good length and good yield. Resistance: moderate to Alternaria. Adaptation: jumbo fresh market and storage areas of Canada, and fresh market of Mexico (also Mid West and Texas). 2002.

Mark II (FMX 105) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid from FM inbreds. Characteristics: Chantenay type with smooth blunt tip, round shouldered roots, with uniform interiors; good bolting tolerance and crack resistance. Similar: Chantenay types. Adaptation: Wisconsin, Canada, California. 1985.

Mercury - Vendor: Chriseeds. Similar: Imperator.

Merida (Nun6255) - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: roots 18-20 cm long, Nantes type, slightly conical, uniform roots, very high yields, excellent internal and external color, strong foliage. 1991.

Midas Touch (13C-X73) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, well stumped, smooth Chantenay type with excellent cooked color. Resistance: powdery mildew, crack; tolerance to cercospora leaf blight, bolting. Similar: Red Core Chantenay. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Minipak (ENHR) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, small fingerling carrot, good color and smoothness. Similar: Scarlet Nantes. Adaptation: eastern United States and Canada. 1969.

Mistral - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: cylindrical, smooth Nantes/slicer 6.5 inch long, 0.9-1.3 inch wide rounded tip; excellent color with no green shoulders; field holds well. Similar: Nantes.

Mokum - Vendor: Bejo. Similar: Danvers, Chantenay.

Monique - Vendor: Crookham. Similar: Nantes.

Morecuts (KXPC054) - Breeder: K. Markiewicz-Ladd. Vendor: Polonica International. Characteristics: strong tops 15-17 inch, long and slender roots 14-16 inch long, 3/4 inch diameter, well filled to the tip; smooth roots, small core, dark orange and sweet. Resistance: Alternaria, premature bolting. Similar: Primecut. Adaptation: areas where "baby" carrots are grown. 1997.

Motherlode - Vendor: Shamrock. Similar: Imperator.

Nanco - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: very versatile carrot, high quality yields, beautiful roots of length 17-20 cm, cylindrical smooth, very good coloration with no green or purple tops, solid healthy foliage, excellent keeping quality. Similar: Nantaise Tip Top. 1980.

Nancy - Breeder and vendor: Associated Seed Growers, New Haven, Connecticut. Parentage: Prime Rouge. Similar: Nantes. Characteristics: intermediate between Nantes and Chantenay in type; good quality. 1943.

Nangro (XP506) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, early, high quality. Similar: Nantes. Adaptation: United States, Brazil, Mexico. 1982.

Nantes Strong Top 3 (NST 3) - Breeder: Dr. C. Nichols. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: early attractive Nantes type with smooth, cylindrical, well stumped roots, medium sized tops, good interior color. Resistance: crack, tolerance to powdery mildew. Similar: Nantes Strong Top, Nantesa Superior. 1983.

Nantesa Superior - Breeder and Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: cylindrical, well-blunted Nantes 5-7 inch long, 1.2-1.5 inch wide; very resistant to cracking and breakage. Similar: Nantes. Adaptation: Mexico.

Nanton (78-836-23) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform, good color, freedom from green shoulder. Similar: Nantes. Adaptation: all carrot areas.

Natasha (XP 8415) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Nantes root type, excellent tops with good internal and external color, slightly pointed shape, good tolerance to bolting, root length 15-18 cm, has a thick orange neck, strong leaves, conic shape (visible characteristic of a Flakee type); yield same as Supreme; very uniform shape. Similar: Supreme. Adaptation: NAFTA, Argentina. 2003.

Navajo (Sunex3211) - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: excellent color, early uniform maturity. Resistance: alternaria. Similar: Apache. 1989.

Neptune - Vendor: Chriseeds. Similar: Imperator.

Nugget - Breeder and vendor: Keystone Seed Co. Parentage: European forcing type. Characteristics: early, small, spherical, good color root for whole pack processing. Adaptation: wide. 1968.

Nuggeteer (13C-X65) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, very good color, length and shape for market. Resistance: alternaria blight. Similar: Hi Color 9. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Nutri-Red (PS800295) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: red, open pollinated; for lycopene extraction. Similar: no cultivar like it. Adaptation: home garden. 1996.

Olympiad - Breeder: C.E. Peterson and P. Simon, USDA. Parentage: (3475 x 4367) x 9253. Similar: Imperator. 1984.

Orange Blitz - Breeder and vendor: Dakota. Characteristics: early maturing, high tonnage, solid orange. Resistance: bolting. Similar: Apache. 1992.

Orange Crush - Breeder and vendor: Dakota. Characteristics: early maturing, high tonnage, solid orange. Resistance: bolting. Similar: Apache. 1992.

Orange Strike - Breeder and vendor: Dakota. Characteristics: early maturing, high tonnage, solid orange. Resistance: bolting. Similar: Navajo. 1992.

Orbit - Vendor: Chriseeds. Similar: Paris Market.

Orlando Gold - Breeder: C.E. Peterson, USDA, Florida, Texas, California, Arizona, and Idaho Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Alf Christianson Seed Company, Northrup King and Co. Parentage: B3640 BC1 x F524. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform exterior and interior color; smooth to intermediate taper, high carotene, good flavor. Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: United States carrot areas. 1982.

Pacific Gold - Vendor: Sakata. Similar: Imperator.

Packer (XP Crk W 104) - Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: (B3640 x B3080) x Cr300C. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform, long, slim root that carries weight well to the root tip; long strong leaves with strong attachments; interior and exterior color is superior. Similar: Long Imperator 58. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Packmaster (91P6) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, late, long, 8-10", taper root, good interior and exterior color, short but strong top. Resistance: tolerance to leaf blights. Similar: Goldpak. Adaptation: northern United States and Canada. 1973.

Pak Mor - Breeder and Vendor: Harris-Moran. Characteristics: early maturing hybrid, 8-10 inch show taper with semi-blunt tip. Similar: Dominator, Apache.

Paramount (XPH 159M) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. and Asgrow inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, straight, smooth uniform. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria and cercospora. Similar: Imperator. 1981.

Parano - Breeder: Nunhems. Vendor: Canners. Characteristics: Nantes type, 17-19 cm long smooth exterior, good uniform internal and external color. 1989.

Passage (XPH3740) - Breeder: Asgrow. Characteristics: blocky Danvers type with deep orange color, superior flavor for processing, medium tops. Resistance: alternaria, blight. Similar: Danvers. 1994.

Paydirt - Breeder and Vendor: Shamrock Seed Company. Characteristics: Imperator type, early maturity, cylindrical roots, good tip fill 10-11 x 1.6 inch, strong tops and top attachment, heavy yielder. Resistance: Alternaria blight, powdery mildew. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: California, Arizona, Texas, Florida. 1995.

Petite Claire (HMX8324) - Breeder: Clause. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Characteristics: cylindrical, slightly tapered roots, smooth, strong tops and early. Adaptation: Mexico, Canada, Nantes growing regions of the United States. 1999.

Piece Keeper - Breeder and vendor: Pioneer.

Pioneer - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1, long Nantes type with uniform length, color, and type. Similar: Nantes Long. Adaptation: northeastern United States and Canada. 1964.

Pipeline (XP18004) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: long, semi-tapered, slightly later than Diamond Cut, medium maturity, Imperator type. Similar: Choctaw. Adaptation: Northeast United States. 1999.

Plato - Vendor: Chriseeds. Similar: Imperator.

Prago (XPH3748) - Vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: long blunt roots with deep orange color. medium sized tops. Similar: Nantes. 1995.

Prelude (PS38891) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: cello type with high beta-carotene; 8-9 inch length with gradual taper to a blunt tip; maincrop maturity. Similar: Temptation. Adaptation: NE United States and Canada, California, Colorado. 1993.

Premium (XPH3883) - Vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: vigorous tops on smooth long deep orange roots with slight taper. Resistance: alternaria, blight. Similar: Imperator. 1995.

Presto - Vendor: Vilmorin. Similar: Nantes.

PrimeCut 59 - Breeder: R. Freeman. Vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: slender imperator with excellent color and eating quality; 9-11 inch under high populations; best suited for cut/peel production; strong foliage, smooth exterior. Resistance: strong tolerance to Alternaria dauci. Similar: Long Imperator. Adaptation: most commercial carrot production areas where imperator type is used. 1995.

Primo - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: mechanical harvest, very early root length 16-18", quite cylindrical, stumped rooted. good internal and external color, no green tops. Resistance: bolting. Similar: Buor, Tancan, Tarenco. 1985.

Prodigy (PS 302295) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Danvers, Flakkee shape; root length 23-26 cm, CMS, high yield, strong top, good internal color and flavor; for the cut and peel, cello and processor markets. Adaptation: northeast U.S. 2001.

Prospector (PS3282) - Breeder: Dale Kammerlohr. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: long 9-10 inch smooth imperator type with mild sweet flavor; high yield and uniform color. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: Midwest, California. 1986.

Protoge (XPH3786) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: cylindrical large smooth root with good uniform interior color for processing as a slicer type. Resistance: alternaria, blight. Similar: Lucky B. 1996.

Pygo Improved - Breeder: Rispens. Vendor: Rispens. Characteristics: heavy Nantes type, excellent for slicing. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Eagle. 1991.

Recoleta (PS306796) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: Berlicum shape, root length is 22-25 cm, strong healthy tops, good for processing. Similar: Goliath. Adaptation: Argentina, North America. 1999.

Rival - Breeder and Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: cylindrical, smooth Nantes/slicer 8-9 inch long, 1-1.5 inch wide; uniform interior and exterior color; field holds well; very sweet flavor. Similar: Nantes.

Royal Chantenay - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Company, Minneapolis. Parentage: Red Cored Chantenay. Characteristics: roots are longer and more cylindrical than Red Cored Chantenay. 1952.

Royal Crown (275) - Breeder and vendor: Agway. Parentage: M1558 seed parent. Characteristics: hybrid, vigorous, suitable for market or processing. Similar: Imperator. 1968.

Royal Nantes (NV 1406) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: a nonbolting selection, same as Scarlet Nantes. Similar: Scarlet Nantes. 1982.

Saber (915) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, uniformity, high orange color, freedom from green shoulder. Similar: Long Nantes. Adaptation: general. 1972.

Savory (403-3) - Breeder and vendor: USDA-ARS at Department of Hort., University of Wisconsin, Agric. Research Sta. Vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Parentage: (8080S x 2302) x 2566. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, high carotene and excellent flavor. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria leaf blight. Similar: Orlando Gold. Adaptation: United States. 1986.

Seminole - Breeder and vendor: ARCO Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early; strong tops; good color; root fills well to tip. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: most shipping carrot production areas. 1985.

Shamrock 1 - Breeder and vendor: Shamrock. Characteristics: Imperator class roots 9-10" long, roots are smooth and semi cylindrical, dark orange, strong crown attachment. Resistance: tolerance to blight. 1986.

Shona (SDC I040) - Breeder: G.C. McWalter. Vendor: Campbell Institute. Characteristics: heavy shoulder dicer, very smooth, stumped, very intense and uniform internal color, very little greening or pale cambium, needs 20+ weeks growth, short top. Similar: Camden F.I., Corrie, Long Chantenay. 1987.

Sierra (490) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Imperator type, 65 day maturity; excellent internal and external color; smooth. uniform roots are 10-11.5" in length, 1.25" in diameter. Resistance: bolt. Similar: Fancy Pak. Adaptation: wide. 1978.

Six Pak - Breeder: Harris Moran. Similar: Imperator.

Six Pak II - Breeder: Harris Moran. Similar: Imperator.

Six Pence (Hybrid 2914) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Hicolor Imperator type with long semi-cylindrical roots, 9-10"; average root diameter 1.25", tops 18-20". Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: fresh-market areas. 1985.

Six Shooter (HMX 6319) - Breeder: Mark Mason. Vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturing Imperator type carrot for cello/jumbo markets with improved color and length; bolt tolerant with good field holding ability. Adaptation: U.S. 2002.

Slice and Dice - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Detroit. Parentage: selection from Long Chantenay. Characteristics: Chantenay type with long, cylindrical roots; smooth; excellent color. Similar: Long Chantenay. Adaptation: wide. 1958.

Sophie (HMX8325) - Breeder: Clause. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed. Characteristics: cylindrical Nantes roots, very sweet, tender, juicy fresh market. Adaptation: Canada, Mexico, United States. 1999.

Sovereign (PS17789) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 8-8" roots, excellent interior color, good top attachment, non-harsh flavor, very uniform shape. Similar: Avenger, Legend, Prospector. 1994.

Sparta - Vendor: Chriseed. Similar: Imperator.

Spartan Bonus - Breeder: C.E. Peterson. Similar: Danvers. Parentage: (MSU1558 x MSU5931) x MSU9541 MSU. 1968.

Spartan Delite (40134, 40133) - Breeder: Michigan State Ag. Expt. Serv., East Lansing. Parentage: [(MSU 5931. x MSU 6000) x MSU 5986). Characteristics: hybrid, late maturity for fresh-market type with very long roots; superior culinary quality, color, and uniformity. Resistance: cercospora leaf spot. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: northern mucklands in the United States. Release memo, March. 1971.

Spartan Fancy (69W146, 40122, 40131, 40128) - Breeder: Michigan State Agric. Expt. Serv., East Lansing. Vendor: various seedsmen. Parentage: [(MSU 5931 x MSU 5986) x MSU 6000.). Characteristics: hybrid, superior culinary quality, uniformity, and color. Resistance: storage rots; tolerance to cercospora. Similar: Spartan-Sweet. Adaptation: northern mucklands in the United States. Release memo, March. 1971.

Spartan Sweet (67S32m MSU 7707) - Breeder: Michigan State Agric. Expt. Sta., East Lansing. Vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: MSU 5931 x MSU 6000. Characteristics: hybrid, excellent interior and exterior color, free from green shoulder and core, good flavor. Resistance: cercospora leaf spot. Adaptation: northern mucklands. 1969.

Sprinter (Hybrid 2101) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Imperator 58 type, good vigor, long cylindrical roots 8-9", average diameter 1.25, tops 18-20". Similar: Imperator 58. Adaptation: fresh market areas. 1985.

Starca (Nun4506) - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: suitable for mild and late cropping, smooth and cylindrical roots, medium long Nantes type 16-18 cm, strong foliage. 1991.

Streamliner - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Detroit. Characteristics: short, sturdy tops; roots long, tapering, deep orange; small cores; slightly tough. Similar: Long Imperator. Adaptation: California in cool weather. Ferry-Morse Seed Company Descriptive List. 1939.

Stylus (PS37393) - Breeder. R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: jumbo/cello or slicer with very smooth exterior and uniform interior color; tapered shape with blunt tips; early maturity. Similar: Enterprise. Adaptation: Washington, Midwest, and Canada. 1995.

Sucram - Breeder: D. van der Ploeg N.V. Vendor: Herbst Brothers. Characteristics: slender, red, small core roots; market or processing. Similar: Amsterdam Forcing. 1968.

Sugar Snax 54 - Vendor: Sunseeds. Similar: Imperator.

Sundance (NVH 1000) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: fresh market or slicing hybrid, 75 day maturity; produces 10-11" roots in length, 1 1/4" in diameter; tops 15-17" in length, interior and exterior color is bright orange, smooth and tapered. Similar: Fancipak. 1981.

Sunrise (86W133) - Breeder: N. Molenaar. Vendor: Crookham. Characteristics: uniform long blunt, dark orange interior, medium core, vigorous top, 20-22". Similar: Goldmine. 1990.

Supreme Half Long - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Company, Mountain View, California. Parentage: selection from Half-Long Luc. Characteristics: very small top, smooth root, excellent color and quality; bushel carrot, broader than Nantes. Similar: Danvers. Adaptation: wide. 1937.

Sweet 16 (XP18016) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: California cut and peel hybrid with long roots, good color, high sugar. Resistance: Alternaria dauci. Similar: Caropak. Adaptation: California. 1998.

Sweet Bites (HMX6320) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: wide adaptation, sweet mild flavor, 23-25 cm long, tube-shaped roots, excellent quality. Resistance: moderate tolerance to Alternaria. Similar: Caropak and Prime Cut. Adaptation: California, Canada, Pacific Northwest, Texas, Florida. 1999.

Sweet Orange - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Sweet Rocket - Breeder and vendor: Burpee. 1999.

Sweet Treat - Breeder and vendor: Burpee. 1998.

Sweetcuts (KXPC055) - Breeder: K. Markiewicz-Ladd. Vendor: Polonica International. Characteristics: smooth and long roots 13-15 inch long and 0.75-1 inch diameter, small core, strong tops 16-18 inch tall; sweet not brittle. Resistance: tolerant to Alternaria and premature bolting. Adaptation: areas where "baby" carrots are grown. 1997.

Sweet-N-Crisp (Hybrid CrkW276) - Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: (Cr 304 x 5986) x Cr 317. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, sweet and crisp, filled to tip; oversized, can be used as slicers; culinary quality superior to open shipper carrots. Similar: Gold Pak. Adaptation: where Gold Pak and Long Imperator are grown. 1981.

Sweetness - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: early maturing Nantes, lovely shape, good color, wonderful flavor, brittle roots must be dug by hand, home garden only. Similar: Scarlet Nantes. 1991.

Tahoe (462B) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, smooth exterior, uniform reddish-orange interior, heavy shoulder, tapers slightly to a blunt tip; length 7". Similar: Gold King. Adaptation: United States. 1977.

Target (729136) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, uniform orange long Chantenay type. Similar: Spartan Bonus. Adaptation: northeastern United States. 1976.

Tastypeel (PS 711202) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cut and peel type; 14 inch roots that are slender with an even diameter; no shoulder, blunt tip; flavor and texture are excellent relative to competing cultivars. Similar: Primecut. Adaptation: U.S.; cut and peel; grower/shipper. 2001.

Temptation - Vendor: Petoseed. Similar: Imperator.

Terminator (FMX 471) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: long slender 12-14" with a width of 1-1.5" cylindrical root with medium external smoothness. good orange color uniformly through out the root, strong tops. Similar: Gold Pride, Apache.

Texsun (13C-X24) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, smooth, cylindrical for market, very good exterior color. Resistance: tolerance to cercospora, alternaria leaf blight, bolting. Similar: Long Imperator 58. Adaptation: Texas, Florida, California. 1980.

Thor (2755) - Breeder and vendor: Moran Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, dual purpose, fresh or processor; continues sizing after fresh-market stage, smooth root, less pronounced shoulder, roots 7-9", tops 20-24", semi-cylindrical roots. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Imperator. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Thumbelina (PSR1030) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: small round root, excellent orange color, home garden and processing. 1990.

Top Notch (XP3918) - Breeder: L. Baker. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: cello Imperator with big tops, good yield and quality roots. Resistance: moderate to Alternaria. Similar: Navajo. Adaptation: Canada, Florida, Midwest. 1998.

Touche (DEXP 322) - Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Characteristics: hybrid, high color and uniformity. Similar: Touchon. 1974.

Toudo - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: short growth cycle, average length roots very smooth and well colored. Similar: Touchon. 1981.

Toudo Hybrid - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Nantes type cylindrical stumped roots that resist splitting. Similar: Nantes. Adaptation: wide. 1985.

Toudo II - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Company. Similar: Nantes. 1999.

Trigger (PS 140395) - Breeder: Omar Diaz. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Cello/Jumbo type, for fresh market, main crop maturity, 9-10 inches long, tapers to blunt tip, strong top, excellent color, good yield. Similar: Apache. Adaptation: Northwest and Midwest U.S. 2000.

Triple Play 58 - Vendor: Sunseeds. Similar: Imperator.

Triumph (PS 5086) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: fresh market, cello and peeler. Similar: Avenger, Legend.

Trophy (9160 AN) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Imperator type with smoother roots and better interior and external color. Adaptation: general. 1974.

Veronesa (RS 2696) - Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Royal Sluis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: long Flakee/Kuroda type with blunt tip; good bolting tolerance; very uniform root; for the summer season; very good color and root quality. Similar: Brasilia. Adaptation: Colombia, Brazil. 2002.

Vicna (XP7000 399) - Breeder: C. Crookham. Vendor: Seminis/Asgrow. Characteristics: tropical open pollinated, good yield, bright orange color. Similar: Brasilia. Adaptation: Brazil. 1999.

Vitasweet #691 - Vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: strong 9-10 inch tops; bright orange roots; early maturity. Resistance: tolerant to Alternaria. Similar: Apache. 1990.

Vitasweet #711 - Vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: mid-early Imperator type with 9-10 inch, tapered, very smooth, high carotene roots. Similar: Caropak. 1989.

Vitasweet #781 - Vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: medium late high quality high carotene type; very smooth roots good for peeling. Similar: Caropak. 1991.

Vitasweet tm 830 (ACX 824427) - Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb. Characteristics: good uniform cello pack type, deep orange color, strong top, sweet flavor. Similar: Gold Pack, Imperator 58. 1983.

Vitasweet tm 840 (ACX 824418) - Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb. Characteristics: strong top, uniform size and shaped root, deep orange exterior and interior, sweet flavor. Gold Pack, Imperator 58. 1983.

Vitasweet tm 850 (ACX824404) - Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb. Characteristics: 8-9" uniform root, uniform dark orange interior and exterior, sweet flavor. Similar: Gold Pak, Imperator 58. 1983.

Vita-Treat (PS46295 [BB]) - Breeder: R. Maxwell. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: peeler for California, early, slightly wedged shape, smooth interior. Similar: no cultivar like it. Adaptation: California. 1998.

Viva La France - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee and Co. Parentage: Nantes Hybrid.

Waltham Hicolor - Breeder: Waltham Field Sta., University of Massachusetts, Waltham. Parentage: Hutchinson x Turkey Red Carrot. Adaptation: dark colored Hutchinson cultivar. Characteristics: long, slim, dark colored carrot of the Hutchinson type for packaging and bunching. Resistance: leaf blight. 1955.

Warrior (FMX 611) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: 7-9" carrot with slightly tapered shape and semi-blunt tip, very smooth exterior and good color throughout, tops are medium height, dark green and very strong, good flavor. Resistance: tolerance to alternaria. Similar: Caro Spike.

Woodland (472) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Imperator type selected for smooth exterior and uniform interior color, top slightly shorter than Fanci Pak. Similar: Fanci Pak, Imperator 408 and Imperator 58. Adaptation: warm season areas for market and shipping. 1976.

Yardley II (PS74989) - Breeder: Dale Kammerlohr. Vendor: Seminis/Petoseed. Characteristics: early long Kuroda with very sweet flavor and crunchy texture. Similar: Kurodin. Adaptation: Caribbean. 1991.

 

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