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Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America

Pepper (A-L), Lists 1-26 Combined

Edited by Paul W. Bosland

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
New Mexico State University
Las Cruces, NM 88003

860 Rogers - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Blocky 4-lobed fruit that matures from green to yellow. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, Stip. Similar: Valiant, Excaliber, Orobelle.

Acapulco - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky bell pepper, green ripening to red. 1993.

Ace - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, 3- to 4-lobed, small-medium sized fruit, early, good cold weather tolerance, high yields, mature in 50 days. Resistance: blossom drop. 1997.

Aconcagua - Characteristics: Cubanelle-shaped, but much larger fruit; long frying pepper named for Mt.Aconcagua in Argentina; tapered, yellow/green turning to red, very sweet when light green, medium thick flesh, pendant, 710-760 mm plants, dark green foliage gives fruit excellent coverage, continuous fruiting, ripens in 70-75 days. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

Adele - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to yellow bell pepper, steady growing, high yields, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus races 0, 1, 2. 1995.

Aji (V6090) - Vendor: Plants of the Southwest. Characteristics: thin, 80-127 mm long, orange turning to red pods, fruity taste, very hot. 2000.

Aladdin X3R - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark green ripening to golden yellow bell pepper, concentrated fruit set, 120 x 120 mm fruit size, 76 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus, bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2, 3. 1997.

Alberto - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, large fruit size, vigorous open plant habit, easy setting under high temperatures. Resistance: stip. Adaptation: Mediterranean climates. 1993.

Alborado (24246) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Characteristics: early, sweet, half long bell pepper, green maturing to red, good yields. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2, 3, tobacco mosaic virus. Adaptation: South American summer/fall greenhouse production. 1999.

Allbig (Illinois F-5) - Breeder: University of Illinois, Urbana. Vendor: F.H. Woodruff Co. and Corneli Seed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, bell pepper, relatively early, large fruited, three- to four-lobed, 132 to 127 mm, 88 to 102 mm wide, thick walls, high yield, excellent flesh quality and flavor, compact plant, heavy foliage. Bears fruit continuously under most environmental conditions, over a long season, crown set doesn't inhibit subsequent fruit set. Resistance: Some tolerance to Mosaic. Similar: Ruby King. Adaptation: Florida, Texas, and the midwestern and eastern United States. 1945.

Alliance (HMX 2643) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet pepper; extra large fruit are block with green to red color. Resistance: cucumber mosaic virus; pepper mottle virus; potato virus Y races 0, 1, 1-2; Xanthomonas vesicatoria races 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; Phytophthora capsici. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Amando (Nun 6040) - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: Cayenne fruit type, elongated fruit length 160-180 mm, dark green color turning dark red on ripening, very hot. 1990.

Amarillo Royale (FMX 1297) - Breeder: Clause/Tezier France. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: yellow blocky bell Pepper with uniform fruit and thick walls (6-8 mm). Similar: Chalice. Adaptation: western U.S. 2000.

Amigo (SPP9101) - Breeder: D.Gilbart. Vendor: Sakata. Characteristics: Large, blocky bell. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Bell Captain, Jupiter. 1989.

Anaheim M (Anaheim Mild) - Characteristics: a tapered, dark green maturing to red, medium walled, 178 x 44 mm sized New Mexican pod type, mostly 2 celled and flat, fairly mild, ripening in 77-80 days; plants are upright 610 mm tall, bearing fruit continuously. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

Anaheim TMR 23 - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, erect bush plant, good set, pods straight and smooth, wide shoulder. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: New Mexico 6. Adaptation: general. 1975.

Anaheim TMR 24 - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, tall, erect plant, sturdy bush, concentrated set of long, straight, smooth pods, high yield. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: New Mexico 6. Adaptation: general. 1975.

Ancho 101 - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Ancho type chile, 68 days, mild pungency, 100 x 50 mm fruit size, very dark green ripening to dark mahogany red, called poblano at green stage, 2- to 3-lobed, tall and rangy plants, thin wall. Adaptation: warm climates with cool nights. 1997.

Ancho Arriero (HMX 2673) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; Ancho type; large dark green fruit for fresh market. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Ancho Real (HMX 1673) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; mainly 2-lobed, flat dark green, very pungent fruit. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Ancho San Juan (PS 13194) - Breeder: Omar Diaz. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dark green fruit, large size 2-3 celled, excellent uniformity, mid-maturity, large plant. Similar: Ancho San Martin. Adaptation: Mexico.

Ancho San Luis - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Characteristics: 75 to 78 days to harvest, called 'Poblano' when fresh, and 'Ancho' when dried; glossy flattened chiles, ripen from green to a reddish brown, fruit are 100-130 mm long and distinctively heart shaped, plant are vigorous and grow to about 760 mm tall. 1999.

Ancho San Martin (PS 13994) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: ancho type, dark green to red fruit, better yield, and larger fruit than open pollinated cultivars. Similar: Ancho San Luis. Adaptation: Mexico. 1999.

Ancho Villa (RPP 2142) - Breeder: Novartis Seed, Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: ancho with increased plant vigor, yield, larger fruit. Resistance: virus. Similar: Ancho San Luis. Adaptation: Mexico and all ancho growing areas. 1999.

Andor (E4929) - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to red, thick wall, fruit 130 x 90 mm, vigorous plant habit, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1, 2. Similar: Atol. 1995.

Antohi Romanian - Vendor: Johnny's. Parentage: Romanian heirloom. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, pale yellow ripening to red fruit, 102 x 51 mm fruit size, upright plants, non-pungent. 1991.

Apple - Breeder and vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: heart shaped pimiento type, thick wall, has apple flavor, mild, juicy, 90 mm long, round fruit 77 days to red ripe, medium sized plants. PVP applied. 1997.

Aquiles (PS 11410851) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeno type; strong plant; continuous fruit setting ability; very large fruit are uniform in size; fruit are dark green, smooth and have a thick wall; fruit are 109 x 39 mm size and have hot pungency. Similar: Conchos, El Rey. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico, fresh market. 2005.

Ariane - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to orange bell pepper, short, fast growing plant, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Aristotle (PS 7273823) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green blocky bell, large to extra large, thick walls. Resistance: bacterial spot 1, 2, 3, PVY Tobamovirus. Similar: Paladin. Adaptation: eastern U.S. 2000.

Aruba (NVH3078) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Hybrid Cubanelle, 64 days to maturity. Vigorous erect plant, best suited to planting slots where adequate fruit size is a problem, large fruited. Similar: Key Largo. 1993.

Asimi - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to yellow, 130 x 90 mm fruit size, continuous plant growth, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Atlas (XP 2006) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Bell pepper, large fruit, less tendency to point, and more foliage protection for fruit. Resistance: Tolerant to bacterial leaf spot. Similar: Early Cal Wonder. Adaptation: same as Early California Wonder. 1973.

Atol - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, dark green ripening to red, fruit 130 x 90 mm, strong plant habit, very early, 4-lobed fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. Adaptation: greenhouse and outside production in southern Europe and subtropical areas. 1995.

Augusta (E2205/66) - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, compact plant habit, good for greenhouse cropping, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1, 2, stip, blossom end rot. 1995.

Autlan (SSC 1459) - Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Characteristics: very hot, early maturing Jalapeno type with concentrated set; medium-tall plants with broad, dark green leaves that provide good cover; short internodes to ensure excellent fruit set; produces and maintains large (3 to 3.75 in. x 1 to 1.25 in.) fruit through several harvests; dark green fruit with thick walls and a large center with 3 to 4 locules; no anthocyanin and low incidence of checking at maturity; relative maturity 75 to 85 days from transplant. Similar: Jalapeno M. Adaptation: all pepper growing regions. 2004.

Avalon Button (Miniature Sweet, New Avalon) - Breeder and vendor: R.D. Pearce, Moretown, N.J. Parentage: Mutant from California Wonder cultivar. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, Pimiento cultivar, smooth, button shaped, thin skinned, juicy, sweet, very uniform, 25 x 51 mm fruit size. Similar: Pimiento. 1945.

Bajio - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: pasilla type chile, 150 x 25 mm sized fruit, glossy deep forest-green ripening to deep brown, called chilaca in green stage, 900 mm tall plants, 80 days, moderate pungent. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. 1997.

Balada (PS 24195) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: Asian type pepper, fruit maturing from green to red, fruit slightly curved, tapers to point, 60 x 127 mm, highly pungent. Similar: Spiral. Adaptation: Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam.

Ball Park (PS 3794) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: Jalapeno type, 310 x 90 mm, mild to slightly pungent, large plant. Adaptation: U.S. and Mexico.

Banana Supreme (PSX56685) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Long, yellow sweet pepper, very high yielder, vigorous medium size plant, spreading upright habit. 1989.

Bananarama - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: Banana type, 70 days to harvest, fruit are 20 cm long, yellow maturing to orange-red, small plant. 1999.

Bandido (HMX 1675) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; Serrano hot pepper type; very dark green fruit; medium size plant. Adaptation: California, Mexico. 2003.

Beauty Bell - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, bright green ripening to red bell pepper, medium large fruit, small plant with good foliage cover, 90 x 80 mm fruit size, thick wall, 3 to 4-lobed. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race tolerant. 1987.

Belaire (SRX 401) - Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC Corp. Characteristics: Blocky, smooth, predominately 4 lobed, thick wall fruit, market or processing. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder B. Adaptation: general. Publisher: 1969.

Belconi - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Marconi type cultivar potentially strong upright form, very open and early, pointed fruit, smooth skinned, and quite thick, intensive green fruit, becomes shiny red at maturity, excellent appearance. Similar: Marconi. 1987.

Bell Boy (P-15) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: Peto inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, large bell type, mostly four lobed, thick walls, continuous setting, uniform habit, fruit size, and shape, Bronze medal winner 1967 AAS. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Adaptation: general. 1967.

Bell Captain - Vendor: HPS. Characteristics: bell pepper type maturing in 72 days, handles stress very well, well-shaped, four lobed, 110 x 102 mm fruit, large plants, vigorous. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 2000.

Bell King - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Characteristics: bell pepper that matures in 74 days, large, thick-walled fruit, on tall plants. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 2000.

Belle Star (FMX 730) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Vigorous, medium upright plants, very concentrated set of thick walled, blocky, dark glossy green fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder, Yolo Wonder. 1983.

Bellringer - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Parentage: colchicined selection of California Wonder. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, extra thick-walled, predominately four-lobed pepper, green turning to deep red. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1967.

Belmont (XPH 5488) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: Heavy, thick walls, long blocky fruit, green to red, tall bush with extensive foliage cover, long picking period potential.

Bendigo - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very early bell pepper, fruit are quite small, blocky, green ripening to red, very uniform, and thick-walled; sets very well, thinning may be required; well-known standard cultivar for many growers around the world. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. Adaptation: suitable for production in unheated greenhouses in the late Spring/Summer. 1995.

Bennington - Breeder: Mike Sheets. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very dark green, smoother and thicker wall than standards, very blocky - no tendency to become flat; productive tall and sturdy plant. Resistance: BST. Similar: Enterprise, X3R Camelot, Brigade. Adaptation: southeast and northeast U.S., Mexico. 2000.

Berbere - Vendor: Floating Mountain Seeds. Characteristics: a landrace type introduced from Ethiopia, fruit are 152 to 202 mm in size that turn a bright red when ripe, matures in 80 days. 1991.

Bianca - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, white (ivory) ripening to light red bell pepper, steady compact growing plant, very early, 3-4 lobed fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Big Belle (11C-X111) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, large-fruited, productive green bell. Adaptation: California and the midwestern United States.

Big Bertha - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Blocky, four-lobed, deep-green to red fruit with very thick walls; continuous setting fruit with pendant attachment; excellent foliage cover. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: large European cultivars. Adaptation: wide. 1978.

Big Chile - Vendor: Gurney's and Johnny's Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: New Mexican type, mild flavor, 177 x 50 mm fruit, 55-68 days to green mature, 80 days to red ripe, vigorous plants, high yields in northern U.S. Seed catalog. 1999.

Big Dipper - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Characteristics: green to scarlet bell pepper, 110 x 110 mm fruit size, 4-lobed, thick walls, plants upright, compact, 500 to 600 mm high, 75 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. 1997.

Big John - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large, sweet tasting, fruit ripening from green to red, uniform fruit size and shape, 76 days to harvest. 1999.

Big Red Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cayenne type, 250-300 mm fruit x 60 mm at shoulders, 70 days, fruit matures from green to red. 1997.

Big Star - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large fruited bell pepper, pendant fruit, green ripening to red, tall, slight sprawling plants, large leaves, 150 x 75 mm fruit size. 1987.

Big Thai - Breeder and vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Asian hot type, 102-127 mm fruit on 762 mm plants, fruit matures from green to dark red. Burpee Seed Catalog. 1995.

Big Top (PS 21995) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: Asian type, fruit green to red, medium pungency, long tapered fruit, 13 mm x 150 mm in length, large vigorous plant. Adaptation: Far East.

Bighart - Breeder: W.H. Greenleaf, M.H. Hollingworth, H. Harris, K.S. Rymal. Parentage: Truhart Perfection Pimiento, Santanka, Exp. No. 1950-2015C, South Carolina Cayenne, Keystone Resistant Giant, Yolo Wonder A. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, pimiento type, high yielding, concentrated fruit set and fruit maturity, thicker walls, and higher pack-out when processed. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Truhart Perfection Pimiento. Adaptation: Southern and southeast U.S. HortScience 4:334-338. 1969.

Biker Billy Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeno, 66 days to harvest, very hot, fruit are 50 mm at the shoulder and 90 mm long. 1999.

Biscayne - Vendor: Park Seed and Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cubanelle-type, prolific, smooth, large fruit up to 150 x 60 mm, light green, blunt ended and tapered, 63 days to maturity, plants well branched standing 650 mm, providing an excellent canopy to protect from sunscald. 1997.

Blackbird - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, 90 x 95 mm fruit size, ripens green to brown to black to dark red, 73 days. 1997.

Blockbuster - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, jumbo green ripening to deep red, thick-walled, 3 to 4-lobed, sweet, 160 x 100 mm fruit size, 70 days. Similar: Big Bertha. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 1997.

Blue Jay - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very productive, blocky bell pepper, 110 x 100 mm fruit size, ripens green to lilac/grape to pale orange to dark red, 73 days. 1997.

Blue Star - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large fruited bell pepper, pendant fruit, 3 to 4-lobed, dark green ripening to red, medium thick walls, tall, upright plants, vigorous, large leaves, sets well in cool and warm weather. 1987.

Blushing Beauty - Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, fruit "blushes" from light yellow or ivory to red at maturity, thick walled and sweet at any stage in their development, harvesting begins 72 days after transplanting, 450 mm tall with bushy plant habit, 400 mm wide plant, good for patio containers. All-American Selection. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3, and tobacco mosaic virus. All-American Selections announcement, Nov. 1998.

Boldog Paprika - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Characteristics: elongated red fruit, plants are upright and very productive, European background. 1998.

Bolivian Rainbow - Vendor: Southern Sun Seeds. Characteristics: matures in 70 days, small 20 mm long pointed fruit, starting purple then turning orange to red, plants are very showy with purple flowers and multi-colored fruit, fruit are very hot with sweet spicy flavor. 1999.

Bon Star - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: small to medium sized sweet pepper, erect plants, small leaves, early, 80 x 25 mm fruit size, thin flesh. 1987.

Bonanza (JSX9320) - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, heavy, smooth pods, dark green ripening to red bell pepper, 4-lobed, strong plants, 62 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1, 2. 1997.

Bonita (FMX 1169) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Excellent vigor and high yield, excellent staked production. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Galaxy, Jupiter, Verdel.

Bossanova - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: early production of very large fruit for heated greenhouse production. Resistance: blossom end rot, russeting, bitter pit, tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. Adaptation: good for heated greenhouse production. 1999.

Bounty (PS 9091) - Breeder: J. Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: yellow to red fruit, sweet banana type, light yellow to bright red, medium large plant, high yields, maturity 65 days from transplant. Adaptation: southeast, northeast and midwestern U.S. 2000.

Boynton Bell - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: glossy dark green to red bell pepper, matures in 75 days green, large, blocky fruit, thick-walled. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. 1999.

Brigadier - Breeder and vendor: Novartis. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper that produces large and extra large fruit that keep their shape despite cool weather. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3, and potato virus Y. Adaptation: Florida, Southeast, and Midwest U.S. The Grower Nov. 1997.

Bulgarian Carrot (Shipkas) - Vendor: Shepherds Garden Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Bulgarian land race, 90 mm long fruit, green ripening to fluorescent-orange, fruit sets in clusters, 450 m tall plants, 68 days, very pungent. 1997.

Burlington - Breeder and vendor: Campbell Soup Co. Parentage: World Beater. Characteristics: Thick-walled, smooth fruit, high red color. Resistance: common Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Adaptation: Same as World Beater. Publisher: Seed World 18 May. 1945.

Burpee's Early Pimento - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Parentage: Sunnybrook and Sweetmeat Glory. Characteristics: Slightly smaller fruit than Sweetmeat Glory, 3 weeks earlier and more productive. Similar: Sweetmeat Glory, Trueheart Perfection. Adaptation: wide, especially good for northern areas. Burpee Catalog. 1943.

Burpee's Fordhook - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: Early thick meated blocky type that sets fruit under adverse conditions. Similar: Merrimac Wonder Adaptation: General northern United States. Burpee Catalog. 1940.

Caballero (SPP 7502) - Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Similar: Poblano Pepper. Adaptation: California U.S. 2000.

Cacique (HMX-3676) - Breeder: Enrique Retes. Vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; Jalapeno type; concentrated set; excellent yield. Adaptation: Mexico. 2000.

Cadete - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: Lamuyo type, green ripening to red, large size fruit, thick wall, 3 to 4-lobed, excellent shape. Resistance: potato virus Y, stip. Adaptation: Mediterranean areas. 1993.

Cadice - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet bell pepper, matures from green to red, 55 days to harvest, excellent quality and extra early hybrid, very large, and thick walled. 1999.

Caldero (VTR 124) - Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot yellow wax type. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

California Wonder (Burpee's California Wonder) - Characteristics: ripens in 68-89 days, large blocky thick-walled bell pepper, 114 x 102 mm fruit size, glossy deep green to red color, 3 or 4 thick lobes, upright prolific ever bearing 760 mm plants. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

California Wonder 300 (XP 300) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Thick walled, blocky California Wonder type. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Asgrow's "Your Crops-What's New for '66". 1965.

California Wonder 300 TMR - Vendor: Carolina Seeds. Characteristics: glossy green, thick walled fruit, which turn green to red at maturity, smooth blocky fruit, mostly 4-lobed, averaging 110 x 100 mm fruit size, 72 days to harvest. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1999.

Calurosa - Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Company, Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid.

Camelot - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds and Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark, glossy green to red bell pepper, large fruit, square shape, 4-lobed, 130 x 110 mm fruit size, 74 days, and thick-fleshed, upright plants suitable for close spacing. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Adaptation: New Jersey, New York, Maine. 1997.

Camino Real (HMX-3673) - Breeder: Enrique Retes. Vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; Serrano type; vigorous plant; large fruit. Adaptation: Mexico. 2000.

Canada Cheese - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: miniature red cheese type pepper, 50 x 30 mm fruit size, green ripening to red, thick-fleshed, does not crack, slightly flattened, 75 days. Similar: Sunnybrook. 1997.

Canape - Vendor: Thompson and Morgan and Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, improved California Wonder, green ripens to red, sweet, matures in 65 days, more than a dozen fruit per plant, short seasoned, ripens early, tapered fruit, 90 x 76 mm. 1993.

Canary - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky 4-lobed, bell pepper, thick-walled, 130 mm square fruit, 72 days, green ripens to bright yellow. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Candente (PS 335095) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: green to red, blocky bell, vigorous plant, continuous set, excellent uniformity, large size fruit, thick walls. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot, potato virus Y, tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Guardian. Adaptation: Mexico.

Capistrano - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Sweet bell, blocky, large fruit. PVP 9000220. 1990.

Cardinal - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, 4-lobed, bell pepper, dark green ripening to dark red, thick-walled, open plant habit, some cold tolerance, 110 x 110 mm fruit size, 70 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Caribbean Red - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: Capsicum chinense habanero type, 90 days to harvest, 38 x 25 mm fruit size, red wrinkled fruit, tapered to blunt point, nearly double the heat of other habanero cultivars, vigorous uniform plants, 710 mm plant size. 1999.

Carlos - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: Lamuyo fruit type, vigorous plant type with firm stem, very early cultivar, red ripe. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus and Potato Virus Y. 1990.

Carmen (PS 200395) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper, early maturity. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot, potato virus Y, and tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Marquis. Adaptation: Mexico.

Carolina Cayenne - Breeder: R.L. Fery, P.D. Dukes, W.L. Ogle. Parentage: Selection from Carolina Hot. Characteristics: Open-pollinated cayenne type, more uniform, for horticultural traits than Carolina Hot, fruit is straighter, shorter, and thicker than Carolina Hot, fruit length is 100 mm, fruit diameter 6.4 mm, pungency (105,000 Scoville heat units). Resistance: Southern root-knot nematode. Similar: Carolina Hot. HortScience 21:330. 1986.

Carolina Hot - Breeder: South Carolina Agric. Expt. Sta., Clemson. Vendor: Carolina Pepper Growers Assn. Parentage: 4558P2-7 4530, two Cayenne breeding lines. Characteristics: Deciduous calyx. Resistance: Root-knot nematodes. Similar: Cayenne. Adaptation: Southeastern United States. 67th Annual Report South Carolina Agric. Expt. Sta. 1956.

Carousel - Breeder: D.Gilbart. Vendor: Sakata. Characteristics: Immature yellow flesh, sweet. Similar: Cubanelle. 1989.

Cascabella - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: heirloom yellow wax cultivar, 65 days to harvest, very pungent, 40 mm fruit, exceptional fruit set on a 610 mm tall plant, fruit changes from yellow to orange to red. 1999.

Cascade - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, medium fruit size, stretched and open plant habit. Resistance: blossom end rot. 1993.

Cayenne, Large Red Thick (Large Thick Cayenne, Large Long Red Cayenne) - Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: cayenne type, maturing in 70 days, very thick fleshed, 152 x 38 mm fruit size, large shoulders, wrinkled tapered and curved, concentrated fruit set, pendant, strong upright plants, dark green to scarlet ripened fruit. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

Cayenne, Long Slim (Long Red Slim Cayenne, Slim Cayenne, Long Narrow Cayenne, Long Red Narrow) - Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: long slender wrinkled, very hot cayenne type, 127-152 x 19 mm fruit size, thin-walled, 2-celled, dark green to bright red ripening in 75 days, large plants, pendant. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

Chalice (PS 214596) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: blocky green to yellow bell pepper, early to turn yellow, very productive, long fruit, maintains firmness at yellow stage. Resistance: bacterial spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: X3R Aladdin. Adaptation: Southeastern U.S.

Chapala (PS 11404682) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Jalapeno fresh market type; large fruit size; dark green color; high yield; not sensitive to cold nights. Similar: El Rey. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Charter Oak - Breeder: Connecticut Agric. Expt. Sta., New Haven., Conn. Characteristics: early thick-fleshed, dark green. Similar: California Wonder. Connecticut Agric. Expt. Sta. Annual Reports. 1943.

Cherry Bomb (PS208488) - Breeder: Ken Owens. Vendor Petoseed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cherry pepper, pendant fruit, 38 x 38 mm fruit size, very early and high yielding, maturing in 65 days, compact plants, high yield, fruit mature green to red, about 20% less heat than jalapenos. Resistance: TMV-Po.

Cherry Sweet - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: cherry pepper type, 40 x 30 mm fruit size, green ripening to red in 78 days. 1997.

Cherrytime - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: cherry type, 53 days, sweet, extra-heavy fruit set, 25 x 25 mm fruit size, very smooth and glossy, strong, compact plant, green ripening to red sweet flavor fruit. 1997.

Chianti (HMX 1663) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet pepper; large, rectangular, half-long fruit, deep red color. Resistance: BLS 1, 2, 3; PVY, PeMV and TMCV (PO). Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Chichimeca (PS 11404634) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Jalapeno type; large fruit size, 103 x 40 mm; 36 g fruit weight; concentrated fruit set; pungent; early maturity. Similar: Conchos. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Chilipeno - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: super sized jalapeno, 152 x 32 mm, thick-walled, very productive, good heat and drought tolerance, ripens from dark shiny green to bright red, plant height 700 mm. 2000.

Chiltepin - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Characteristics: tiny, 13 mm fruit, maturing from green to red in 150 days, very hot. 1997.

Chimayo - Vendor: Plants of the Southwest. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: heirloom New Mexican type, green maturing to red, very hot. Adaptation: short season areas. 2000.

Chinese Giant - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: heirloom green to red bell pepper that produces fruit 100 x 100 mm in size, plant height of 60 cm. 1900.

Chispa (HMX 3677) - Breeder: Enrique Retes. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall vigorous plant less purpling of fruit, wide adaptability, excellent yield. Resistance: PVY. Similar: Grande Adaptation: New Mexico, Texas, Southern U.S. and Mexico. 2001.

Choco - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green maturing to brown bell pepper, strong, open plant habit, early, 4-lobed, medium sized. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus races 0, 1 and 2. Similar: Mavras. 1995.

Chocolate Beauty (PSX88888) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Sweet pepper with large, smooth bell type. Fruit turn from a medium-dark green to chocolate brown at full maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1993.

Chocolate Belle Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, fruit turn from green to chocolate brown at full maturity, blocky, 3- to 4-lobed. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Chotis - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: good shelf life, firm fruit, nice color, thick-walled, open plant habit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus races O, 1 and 2. 1999.

Cochiti - Vendor: Plants of the Southwest. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: heirloom New Mexican type, maturing green to red, medium pod length, medium heat. 2000.

Commandant (NVH 3085) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Deep blocky medium dark green fruit turning red at maturity. Resistance: Bacterial leaf spot races I, II, III; Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, Pepper Mottle Virus. Similar: Boyton Belle, Camelot x 3R.

Conchos (VYR-59) - Breeder: VTR. Vendor: Orsetti Seed Company, Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. 2000.

Conquest (HMX 9640) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Compact plant usually 11-15" high with very blocky shaped fruit with medium green color. Resistance: TMV, PVY, PeMV, PMMV; tolerant to CMV, Phytophthora capsici. Adaptation: North Carolina, Georgia, San Joaquin Valley California.

Corcel (PS 11410078) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Ancho type; fruit 17.5 cm x 9 cm, high percentage of two locule fruit, dark green color turning chocolate in the ripe stage; strong plant, specific use is fresh market; not for drying at the red stage. Similar: Caballero, Ancho San Juan, Tiburon. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Corno de Toro (Bull's Horn, Cowhorn) - Vendor: Southern Sun Seeds and Renee's Garden Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: sweet Italian heirloom, sweet, 250 mm long, shaped like a bull's horn, green maturing to either deep red or bright yellow, in 80 days, plants are large and very productive. 2000.

Corno Verde (008187) - Breeder: J.Waltrip. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Long green to red sweet peppers, pointed smooth thick walled fruit, large vigorous plant, late maturity. Similar: Corno di Toro type.

Corona - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green to orange bell pepper, medium-size fruit, sweet flavor, compact plants. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1998.

Corvette (XP 12262) - Breeder: Mike Sheets. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage:F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Green to red, blocky, large to extra large fruit, smoother deeper blockiness than Enterprise. Resistance: BS 1,2,3. Similar: X3R Camelot Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. and Canada. 2000.

Coyama (PS 4395) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeño type, vigorous plant, larger fruit than Mitla, 100 x 38 mm. Similar: Mitla. Adaptation: Mexico.

Crimson Hot - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Hungarian yellow wax type, medium pungent, thick-walled, 160 mm triangular fruit, 60 days. 1997.

Crispy Hybrid - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: Bell pepper, medium-short plants that set medium-sized, blocky, thick-walled fruit over long period; green turning red at maturity. Similar: Bell Boy. Adaptation: general. 1983.

Cubanelle - Vendor: Carolina Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Cuban frying type, slightly tapered fruit, with rounded ends measuring 140 x 60 mm, 65 days to harvest. 1999.

Cumbia - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: best for red harvest, plants are very vigorous, medium sized internodes, open plant habit, little side shoot development, fruit color is a very intense red, long fruit stalks good for easy picking, recommended for early and autumn planting. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus races 0, 1 and 2, bitter pit. 1999.

Czechoslovakian - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Characteristics: fruit ripen gradually from midnight purple color, to very bright red, medium-hot, jalapeno-shaped, plants are stalky, 500 mm high and wide, mainly used as an ornamental. 2000.

Damax - Vendor: Daehnfeldt Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, dark green to red fruit, 110 x 100 mm fruit size, 3 to 4-lobed, thick walls, 71 days maturity from transplant, plant frame has medium strength, determinate growth. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: Calwonder. 1994.

Daphne - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, uniform coloring yellow bell pepper, medium sized fruit, compact plant habit. 1993.

Defiance (XP 12292) - Breeder: Mike Sheets. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Green to red, shallow shoulder, Sweet Pepper, mild taper, mostly extra large fruit, tall plant, sturdy. Resistance: bacterial spot 1, 2, 3, Tobamo P. Similar: X3R Camelot. Adaptation: Southeastern and northeastern U.S. and Mexico. 2000.

Delaware Belle - Breeder: Delaware Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: H.P. Cannon and Son, Bridgeville, Del. Parentage: California Wonder and N.J. 52-12. Characteristics: Productive, bell type fruit with thick walls. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: N.J. 52-12. Adaptation: Mid-Atlantic states of the United States. Publisher: Delaware Agric. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 338. 1961.

Delhi Hot - Vendor: Hungnong Seed International. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Indian hot type, early, high yielding fruit, 122 x 11 mm, vigorous plants. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. Similar: Pusa Jawala. Adaptation: India. 1996.

Delicias (PS204490) - Breeder: K.Owens. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Mildly pungent, compact medium size, early midseason. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y, Pepper Mottle Virus. Similar: Jalapeno M. 1994.

Delphin - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, short, well-formed plant habit, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). Adaptation: wide. 1995.

Dempsey (GA 89-3-1) - Breeder: R.P. Lane, S.M. McCarter, C.W. Kuhn, and C.M. Deom. Vendor: Georgia Seed Development Commission. Parentage: PI 163192, PI 264281, Jupiter. Characteristics: open pollinated, bell pepper type, early maturity (60 days), fruit 3-4 lobed, 95 x 69 mm in size, wall thickness 5.7 mm, fruit mature from green to red. Resistance: Georgia strains of tobacco etch virus, pepper mottle virus, potato virus Y, bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: Jupiter. Adaptation: areas where bacterial leaf spot is a limiting factor for production. Adaptation: General. HortScience 32:333-334. 1997.

Diablo Grande - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: Hungarian yellow wax type, very pungent, tapered, light green ripens to red, 170 mm long fruit, 65 days. 1997.

Diego (33703) - Breeder: Enza Zaden. Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green to yellow bell pepper, matures in 70 days green and 92 days yellow, large-size fruit, thick-walled, mid-early maturity. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Adaptation: North America. 1999.

Dolma Giant - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky bell pepper, pendant fruit, early maturity, tolerant to low temperature, 3 to 4-lobed, light green ripening to red, 85 x 65 mm fruit size. 1996.

Domino (XPH 5106) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, a long green-red thick-walled bell for greenhouse production. Resistance: Common strain Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Lamuyo. Adaptation: Italy, Spain, southeastern United States, and Mexico.

Don Juan (HMX 4659) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; Jalapeno type; large dark green fruit for fresh market and processing. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Dove - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large productive bell pepper, 130 x 120 mm fruit size, creamy, near-white fruit matures to pale green to cream/pale yellow to pale orange to red, 71 days. 1997.

Dracma (XP4046) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: A large-fruited, yellow bell type for open field culture. Similar: Jumbo Giallo. 1989.

Dulce (PS 23694) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeno type, sweet, attractive fruit, good flavor, 20 x 75 mm, tapering shape, medium to dark green, early maturity. Resistance: potato virus Y. Adaptation: North America.

Eagle - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to deep orange bell pepper, early, large fruit, shoulder cracking, vigorous growing plant. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Earlihot - Breeder: Res. Station, Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: T and T Seeds. Parentage: Early plant selection out of Hamilton Market. Characteristics: Early ripening, long tapered, pungent pods. Similar: Hamilton Market. Adaptation: Plains region. 1967.

Earlired (M-1) - Breeder: Univ. of Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: Petoseed Co. and Stokes (Canada). Parentage: Italian early red (name unknown) and Vinedale. Characteristics: Fruit sets in upright habit. Fruit small, mild and pleasing flavor; matures about 1 week earlier than Vinedale. Similar: Vinedale. Adaptation: Northern regions. Univ. of Manitoba Tech. Bulletin No. 4. 1967.

Early Bell - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Sport from Golden California Wonder. Characteristics: Early, medium thick flesh, a bell type fruit of small size. Adaptation: wide. 1956.

Early Bellringer (79-74) - Breeder: Goldsmith Seeds. Vendor: Earl May Seed Co. Characteristics: Bell pepper, compact, early three- to four-lobed, thick-walled, blocky fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Early Bountiful. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Early Bountiful (F-1 Hyb. No. 15) - Breeder: T. Sakata and Co. Vendor: Herbst Bros., New York. Characteristics: Fruit slightly shorter, longer in diameter and thicker walled than Vinedale, upright bearing and deep green, glossy fruit turning red, extremely vigorous, good for early shipping in mild climates. Resistance: Summer heat, drought and wilt disease. Similar: Vinedale. Adaptation: short season areas.

Early Cal Wonder - Vendor: Territorial Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper type, produces large, thick-walled, blocky-shaped fruit. Adaptation: suited for cool growing areas. 1998.

Early Crisp Hybrid - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Seed Co. Characteristics: Medium to large green ripening to red bell pepper, short season 60 days, sets well in cool weather. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y.

Early Jalapeno (Jalapeno M-10) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated medium-hot, green turning to red; fruit length about 76 mm. Similar: Jalapeno M. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Early Niagara Giant - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: general purpose bell pepper, dark green ripening to red, 110 mm square, thick-walled, maturing in 65 days. 1997.

Early Scotch Bonnet - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: C. chinense type, acorn shape, very pungent, small fruit, 70 days. 1997.

Early Wonder (Early Calwonder P) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: Peto breeding line. Characteristics: Early California Wonder type. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Early California Wonder. Adaptation: areas where California Wonder is grown. American Vegetable Grower, 29 Jan. 1963.

Eastern Rocket - Breeder: Eastern States Farmers Exchange. Characteristics: Fruit pungent, 127 to 152 mm long, 51 mm diameter at stem end, yellow-green changing to red when ripe. Heavy production with many fruits mature at same time. Eastern States Catalog. 1963.

Ebano Jalapeno (Sunex4504) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Vendor: SunSeeds. Characteristics: Very dark (almost black) color, glossy, heavy yielder with sturdy stems, and very smooth. Resistance: Potato Virus Y, and Tobacco Etch Virus. Similar: Jalapeno M. 1990.

El Paso (PSX1013) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, fruit 178 x 43 mm, straight, two lobed, smooth, bush dark green, providing good cover, very uniform. Similar: New Mexico 6. Adaptation: Southwestern United States. 1980.

El Rey (SSP 7603) - Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. 2000.

Elisa - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: extra large, deep bell pepper, thick-walled, 3- to 4-lobed, 150 x 140 mm fruit size, 72 days, sets well in cool temperatures. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y, and tolerant to tobacco etch virus. 1997.

Elmet (XP800) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large fruited, uniform, productive, sweet, green. Similar: Lamuyo. 1980.

Emerald Giant - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: Mostly four-lobed, thick flesh, fruit dark green turning red at maturity. Similar: Florida Giant. 1963.

Empressa (XP5545) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: Large-fruited, thick-walled, green-red, four-lobed fruit on a tall, vigorous plant. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant No. 4. 1990.

Enterprise (XPH12101) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: Large fruited, green to red color, 3 to 4 lobed sweet bell. Resistance: Bacterial leaf spot I, II, III; Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Lancelot. 1995.

Espana - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, 150 mm tapered fruit, thin walled, ripens green to red, 72 days to harvest. Resistance: potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus, tobacco mosaic virus. 1999.

Espanola Improved - Breeder: F.B.Matta and R.M.Nakayama. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: A native northern New Mexico chile and Sandia. Characteristics: Open-pollinated New Mexican type, early maturing plant height 300-650 mm, fruit 157 x 36.3 mm. Adaptation: Northern-central New Mexico. HortScience 19:454. 1984.

Estar (Nun8025) - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: Dulce Italiano fruit type, early cultivar, light to medium green fruit, turns red on ripening. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus race PO. 1993.

Estima (Nun8018) - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: Lamuyo type, very early, square, four lobed fruit, turns red on ripening, open plant type. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus race PO. Similar: Carlos. 1992.

Evident - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, medium size. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, stip, russeting. 1993.

Excalibur (PSX25785) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Blocky bell, large, green to red; medium plant. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1989.

Fajita Bell Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed Co and Nichols Garden Nursery. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, bell pepper, mildly pungent, good flavor, 68 days to green, 80 days to deep red, blocky, 100 mm long fruit, 450 mm compact plants, 68 days to maturity. 1997.

Faribo Hybrid - Breeder: Univ. of Minnesota. Parentage: Inbred lines of California Wonder and Harris Earliest. Characteristics: Bull-nose type, but thicker flesh and smoother, early, prolific. Adaptation: fairly general. Minnesota Farm and Home Sci. XI (3):14-15, May 1954. 1952.

Fat'N Sassy Hybrid - Vendor: Gurney's. Characteristics: blocky, thick-walled, matures green to red in 65 days, 114 mm sized fruit. Resistance: some tolerance. 2000.

Festival (PSX7676) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Compact, large-fruited, sweet ornamental pepper, fruit are upright, 76 to 102 mm long, conical, uniformly red, holding on plant; prolific producer. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Dutch Treat. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Festos - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to red, thick wall, fruit 150 x 100 mm, vigorous plant habit, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. Adaptation: production under plastic in southern Europe. 1995.

Figaro - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky bell pepper, dark green ripening to bright red, tall, vigorous plants, thick-walled, sets well under stress conditions. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y races 0 and 1. 1993.

Figaro Sweet Italian Pimiento - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Characteristics: flattened globe-shaped sweet pimiento, deep green to crimson, 100 mm fruit size, thick walled, strong and vigorous plants, continuously set fruit, 68 days to harvest. 1999.

Firenza - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: F1 hybrid jalapeno with dark green, cylindrical fruit, fruit mature from green to red. Similar: Jalapeno M. and Mitla. 1994.

Flair - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, medium-large size, open and slightly stretched plant, early. Resistance: stip, russeting, blossom end rot. 1993.

Flamingo (HMX7660) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: Immature fruit are whitish-yellow, ripening first to orange-pink, then to orange-red, medium sized bell, mostly 3 lobed, tapered to the blossom end, very smooth and firm, with a much greater diameter than Gypsy. Similar: Gypsy. 1992.

Flamy - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: tapered 150 mm long, green maturing to red fruit, vigorous plant growth. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm2). Similar: Torito. 1993.

Flash (JPR) - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, 75 days, thin wall, 110 x 15 mm fruit size, medium-high pungency, pointed fruit, green ripening to red, high yield, vigorous big plants. Similar: Paper Dragon. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race and potato virus Y. 1996.

FLBG-1- Breeder: R.Subramanya, H.Y.Ozaki, T.A.Zitter. Vendor: University of Florida, AREC- Belle Glade, FL. Parentage: Cubanelle, Agronomico-8. Characteristics: growth, size, and maturity similar to Cubanelle, foliage and immature fruit more yellowish than Cubanelle, main use as a virus resistant parent. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Cubanelle. Adaptation: Florida. Similar: Cubanelle. HortScience 18:493-494. 1983.

Floral Grande - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: Peto breeding lines. Characteristics: Pungent, vigorous plant, larger fruit size and higher yielding than Floral Gem. Similar: Floral Gem. Adaptation: where Floral Gem is grown. American Vegetables Grower, 29 Jan. 1963.

Florida VR2-34 - Breeder: A.A.Cook. Parentage: Selection from Florida VR-2. Characteristics: Open-pollinated bell pepper, produces greater total yield and larger fruit than Florida VR-2 and Early California Wonder. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: VR-2. Adaptation: general. HortScience 19:311. 1984.

Florida VR3-25 - Breeder: A.A.Cook. Parentage: USDA PI 260435 (C. chacoense), Lincoln Bell, Florida VR2. Characteristics: Open-pollinated bell pepper, plants 450 mm tall, 500 mm wide, fruit green turning to red, fruit size 80 x 100 mm. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y, bacterial leaf spot pathotypes 1 and2. HortScience 19:735. 1984.

Florida VR4 - Breeder: A.A.Cook. Parentage: Delray Bell and Florida VR2. Characteristics: Open-pollinated bell pepper, fruit green turning red at maturity, fruit size 80 x 100 mm, mostly 4-lobed, fruit wall thickness 5-6 mm, larger fruit than Early Calwonder. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Jalapeno M. Adaptation: Florida. HortScience 19:456. 1984.

Fooled You (150571) - Breeder: Jim Waltrip. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: sweet jalapeno, attractive fruit, 3.0 x 7.5 cm long, tapering shape, medium to dark green. Resistance: potato virus Y. Similar: Delicias. Adaptation: home garden, North America. 1999.

Foulki - Vendor: Vilmorin Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Italian sweet pepper type, dark green tapered fruit ripens to red, thick-walled. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1993.

Four Corners E1212 (6CX722) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Very early maturing (about 70 days after transplanting), predominantly four-lobed fruit with dark green color and thick walls (11.5 mm), very concentrated set and uniform maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder 300. 1982.

Four-Way - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Fresnillo (91221) - Breeder: Ronquio Hernandez. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: long 190 mm, two celled, medium thick walled, maturing to red fruit, upright plant, medium maturity, mild pungency. Adaptation: North America, Mexico.

Fresno Bell - Breeder and vendor: Germain's. Characteristics: Good foliage coverage giving protection against sunburn, thick flesh, heavy fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: western coast of the United States.

Fresno Chile - Vendor: C.R. Brown, San Juan Capistrano, Calif. Characteristics: Very prolific, pungent, smooth, light-green fruit, 25 to 31 mm in diameter at stem, tapering sharply to a point 31 to 51 mm long, fruit set point up on vigorous growing plants 607 to 762 mm tall with dense, dark-green foliage. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Adaptation: regions suitable for pungent cultivars. 1952.

Fresno Chile Grande (11-9) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Large, pendant, easy pick, concentrated fruit set. Similar: Fresno Chile. 1970.

Frommage - Breeder: Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. Characteristics: Fruit 51 mm in diameter, 25 to 37 mm long, smooth, thick fleshed and sweet. Adaptation: Northern United States. Michigan Agric. Expt. Service Research Report 162. 1973.

Fry King (XP031) - Breeder: E.Grubbs. Vendor: Agway. Characteristics: Sturdy, upright plant with indeterminate fruiting habit, excellent yield, fruit are large and smooth, pale green in color, frying type pepper. Similar: Cubanelle. 1984.

Furila - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: tapered 160 to 180 mm long, green maturing to glossy red fruit, very hot, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm2). 1993.

Fushima, Long Green - Characteristics: famous, old Japanese cultivar, many long slender mild thin-walled 152 mm pods, bright-green glossy skin, wrinkled when mature, vigorous, not a tall plant, easy to grow. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

Galaxy - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, deep green ripening to red, thick-walled, sweet, 120 x 110 mm fruit size, sets well in cool weather, 72 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y, stip. 1997.

Galaxy Variegate - Breeder: Michael Henning. Vendor: Glasshouse Works. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, white splashed foliage, clusters of red pendant fruit. 2000.

Garden Salsa (PSX204187) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Romital type, medium early maturity, large fruit 25 x 178 mm, smooth, medium thick walls, medium pungency, turn green to red at maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Romital. 1993.

Garden Sunshine - Breeder: A.H.Millet and R.A.Jones. Vendor: Dept. of Vegetable Crops, University of California, Davis. Parentage: Aconcagua, Yolo Wonder. Characteristics: Open-pollinated bell pepper, lemon-yellow immature fruit color that ripens to bright red, developed for home garden. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Adaptation: California growing areas. HortScience 17:683. 1982.

Giant Ace - Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: ability to set a crop of fancy, four-lobed, bell-shaped fruit under all growing conditions with medium early maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant. Adaptation: wide.

Giant Marconi (PS 800893) - Breeder: Jim Waltrip. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: red, long tapered, Marconi type, good vigorous plant, good thickness and storage ability. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus (POI, 2), potato virus Y. Similar: Red Marconi. Adaptation: home garden. 1999.

Giant Szegedi - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: elongated Hungarian wax type, yellow ripening to yellow-orange fruit, 70 days, 150 x 95 mm fruit size, thick-walled, very sweet. Resistance: tolerant to verticillium wilt. 1997.

Giant Thai Hot - Breeder: R.E. Bernstrom. Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Thai hot type, deep green maturing to deep red, 42 days. 1997.

Gladiator - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to yellow, 100 x 80 mm fruit size, strong, compact plant growth, early, thick wall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Godfather Hybrid, The - Vendor: Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Italian frying pepper, 160 to 190 mm long fruit, matures early, 64 days, very prolific, green maturing to red, excellent flavor. 1997.

Gold Finch - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky bell pepper, 4-lobed, 120 mm square fruit, 72 days, ripens light green to creamy yellow/pale lemon to red. 1997.

Gold Standard Hybrid - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: big blocky bell pepper, 73 days to harvest, 130 x 130 mm fruit size, green to golden-yellow, extra sweet flavor, aromatic fresh. 1999.

Golden Arrow - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early version of Super Sweet Banana, 200 mm long fruit, straight, golden yellow ripens to red, sweet, 58 days. 1997.

Golden Bell (36-9) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, large yellow fruit bell pepper. Similar: Golden California Wonder. Adaptation: general. 1971.

Golden California Wonder - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: California Wonder shape, green but becoming chrome yellow when ripe, thick fleshed and very sweet. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1948.

Golden Cayenne - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: pencil thin cayenne type pepper, very pungent, 150 mm long, 70 days. 1997.

Golden Giant Hybrid - Vendor: Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: glowing yellow fruit, jumbo-sized, plants 650 mm tall, 75 days. Resistance: viruses. 1997.

Golden Giant II Hybrid - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: 75 days to harvest, huge, elongated fruit, 200 mm long x 130 mm wide, great flavor and substantial walls, plants get 660 mm tall. Resistance: viruses. 1999.

Golden Heat - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, small well branched plants with small leaves, 130 x 15 mm fruit size, thin flesh, hot, good for drying, heavy and concentrated fruit set. 1987.

Golden Summer Hybrid TMV - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, lime green ripening to golden yellow, 4-lobed, sweet, good foliage cover, 65 days. 1997.

Golden Tower - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: standard Korean hot type, pendant fruit, vigorous, pungent, green ripening to red, 115 x 18 mm fruit size. 1996.

Golden Wonder - Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Characteristics: Slightly smaller, earlier plants than California Wonder and fruit are more inclined to be three-celled. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: wide. Burgess Catalog. 1943.

Goldflame - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, yellow bell pepper, medium fruit size, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). 1993.

Goldspike - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Golden color, 51x 25 mm fruit size tapers to blunt end, hot pepper, very productive. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Caloro. Adaptation: general. 1974.

Gourmet - Vendor: Territorial. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green to orange bell pepper, 85 days to maturity, 4-5 four lobed fruit, heavy thick walls, blocky shape, sweet flavor, plants 430 mm. 2000.

Gracia - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very early, highly productive, good fruit setting under cold conditions, medium size light green fruit, good for green harvesting, thin fruit wall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1999.

Grande (PS205090) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Jalapeno type, vigorous, dark green to red, mid-early maturity, medium pungency, large plant. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Mitla, Jalapeno M, Ole. 1994.

Grandpa's Home Pepper - Vendor: High Altitudes. Characteristics: small brilliant red fruit, matures in 70 days, 304 mm tall plants, high yield, semi-hot. Adaptation: grows well under low light conditions. 2000.

Great Stuff Hybrid - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: large bell pepper, 150 to 200 mm long and 125 mm wide, green to dark red, firm walls, plants 650 mm high, 76 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Green Boy - Breeder: Eastern States Farmers' Exchange. Characteristics: High early yield, good size, three-lobed with medium thick flesh. Adaptation: New England. Eastern State Catalog. 1962.

Greene-Belle (ACR no. 3703) - Breeder and vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: Large, blocky, thick-walled. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder type. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Greenleaf Tabasco (Tabasco G) - Breeder: Alabama Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Dessert Seed Co. and Petoseed Co. Parentage: Tabasco C. frutescens L. and C. chinense Jacquin, USDA PI 152225, and USDA PI 159236. Characteristics: Higher yield, deeper-red mature fruit color, and higher pungency than commercial tabasco. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus and ripe rot. Similar: Tabasco. Adaptation: southeastern United States. Auburn Agric. Expt. Sta. Leaflet 81. 1970.

Guam Super Hot - Breeder: C.T.Lee. Parentage: C. frutescens land race. Characteristics: Open-pollinated piquin type, 1 to 2 m plant height, 5 by 17 mm fruit size, fruit matures to bright red, and very pungent (4,000 Scoville heat units). Similar: Guam regular hot. Adaptation: Guam and Northern Marinas Islands. HortScience 22:1341. 1987.

Guntur M 235 - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Indian 'Guntur' type, vigorous, 65 x 8 mm fruit size, high pungency. 1996.

Gurney's Giant - Vendor: Gurney's. Characteristics: 203-mm-long fruit that is bigger than 'Big Bertha', easy to grow, highly productive. Adaptation: wide. 2000.

Gusto (FM 284) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Early concentrated crown set attractive smooth fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus and Potato Virus Y. Similar: Jupiter, Capistrano.

Gypsy (PSX 4076) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Compact, early, sweet elongated, thick fleshed, light-greenish-yellow fruit turning red at maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Romanian Sweet. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Habanero - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds and Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: cultivar of C. chinense, 50 x 31 mm fruit size, wrinkled, tapered fruit, green ripening to orange, very pungent, 90 days. 1996.

Harris Wonder - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Parentage: Harris Earliest and California Wonder. Characteristics: Early thick meated smooth bell shaped fruit. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: Northeastern United States. Harris Catalog. 1937.

Hearts - Vendor: Gurney's. Characteristics: ornamental chile, good for potting, prolific and compact, 7-10 pungent fruit above the foliage, 65 days to maturity. 2000.

Heatwave - Vendor: Thompson and Morgan. Characteristics: small wrinkled cayenne type, matures in 75 days, fruit are red, yellow and orange, very hot. Adaptation: best production is in greenhouse. 2000.

Hemisphere (E31704) - Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green to red blocky bell pepper. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Adaptation: United States.

Hercules - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large green ripening to red bell pepper, thick-walled, 200 x 120 mm fruit size, 72 days. 1997.

Heritage VR - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky shape; green to red color. Resistance: BLS races 1, 2, 3, 5; highly tolerant to TSWV. Adaptation: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina, U.S. 2002.

Hero - Vendor: Thompson and Morgan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, vigorous, tolerates cold temperatures, 150 mm long, smooth, slim, thick fleshed fruit, green ripening to fiery red, very pungent, 75 days. 1993.

Hidalgo - Breeder: B. Villalon. Vendor: Arco Seed Co. Parentage: PI 342947, Avelar. Characteristics: Open- pollinated, Serrano type, mildly pungent (17,500 Scoville heat units), pubescent leaves, longer and larger fruits than other serranos. PVP 8600059. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus, Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, and Pepper Mottle Virus. Similar: Panuco. HortScience 21:540-541. 1986.

H-N Anaheim - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: New Mexican type, tall strong plant, good foliage cover, medium pungent, smooth pod, dark green ripening to red, 175 x 45 mm fruit size. 1996.

Hot Beauty - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, tall, erect, vigorous plants, 130 x 14 mm fruit size, thin flesh, pungent, dark green ripening to bright red, prolific, fruit sets continuously. 1987.

Hot Chilli - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, early, green ripening to deep red, high pungency, 125 x 17 mm fruit size, thick-walled, smooth skin, pendant fruit. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. 1996.

Hot Green - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early, sets well under low temperatures, thick wall, pungent, dark green ripening to red, 225 x 40 mm fruit size. 1996.

Hot Lemon - Vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: C. baccatum cultivar introduced from the markets of Ecuador; fruit begins green and ripens to a pure lemon yellow, 100 mm long fruit has an unique fruit aroma, pungency equivalent to cayenne. 1999.

Hot Lips - Breeder and vendor: Northrup King and Co. Characteristics: Flesh thicker and fruit smoother and shorter than Long Red Cayenne Thin, plant shorter than Long Red Cayenne Thin. Similar: Hot Finger Pepper. 1966.

Hot Piman - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky pungent bell pepper, pendant fruit, 4-lobed, vigorous, good foliage cover, deep green ripening to red, 95 x 75 mm fruit size. 1996.

Hot Portugal - Vendor: Harris Seeds and Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, very pungent, thick-walled, 150 mm long, tapered, shiny dark green fruit that mature to an intense crimson, 64 days, tall erect plants. 1997.

Hot Spot (PS 12896) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot banana type, fruit matures for light yellow to red, productive. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: Inferno. Adaptation: southeast and northeast United States. 2000.

Hot Stuff - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: Hungarian yellow wax type, medium pungent, tapered, pendant fruit, 160 mm long fruit, 60 days. 1997.

Hot Wheels - Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Co.  Adaptation: U.S.  2005.

Hotazel (057-690) - Breeder: Ray Osborn and John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red habanero, extremely pungent. Adaptation: Caribbean, home garden.

Huasteco - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: serrano type, green ripening to red, thick-walled, 900 mm tall plants, good foliage cover, 80 days, very pungent, pendant fruit. Resistance: potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus, pepper mottle virus. 1997.

Hungarian Sweet Banana Pepper - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Characteristics: very early, 52 days to harvest, 180 mm plump cylinders, tapering to a blunt point, waxy yellow to flame orange color. 1999.

Hungarian Yellow Wax Hot (Bulgarian Hungarian Wax, Hungarian Wax Hot, Hungarian Long Wax, Hot Banana Hungarian wax No. 2) - Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: heirloom cultivar, ripens 58-85 days, medium hot, medium thick walled, 203 x 51 mm fruit size, tapers to point, waxy yellow to crimson, both upright and pendant fruit, strong upright plants, 410 x 610 mm plant size. Garden 1992.

Hungnong Ace - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky green ripening to red bell pepper, pendant fruit, 95 x 85 mm fruit size, medium maturity, 4-lobed, thick wall, waxy, good foliage cover. 1996.

Hybelle (YBST) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: Mid-early, mostly four-lobed Yolo type; green turning red at maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder B. Adaptation: Northern United States and Canada. 1977.

Hybrid Sweet Banana (PS 3277) - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Park Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, compact, sturdy plants, fruit uniform in shape, size, and color, relatively smooth. Similar: Sweet Banana. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Hybrid TM-888 - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Indonesian hot type, vigorous, good heat tolerance, 135 x 10 mm fruit size, pendant fruit. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. 1996.

Hybrid TM-999 - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Indonesian hot type, vigorous, slim, long fruit, 125 x 8 mm fruit size, very pungent, pendant fruit. 1996.

Idabelle (B7L1) - Breeder: R.F. Foley. Vendor: University of Idaho. Parentage: California Wonder and USDA PI 206949. Characteristics: Uniform, large bell type fruit; concentrated set; fruit well protected by plant from sun. Resistance: Curly top Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: Inter-mountain west. Idaho Agric. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 381. 1963.

Illinois 6 - Breeder: Univ. of Illinois. Vendor: Corneli Seed Co. Parentage: Allbig and Sterling. Characteristics: Heavy early and total yield; smoother, blockier, slightly thicker flesh and more uniform than Allbig short spreading plant habit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Allbig. Adaptation: eastern and midwestern United States. Vegetable Improvement Newsletter No.4. 1962.

Imperial - Vendor: Daehnfeldt Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early Lamuyo type, dark green to red fruit, 12 x 70 mm fruit size, 4-lobed, medium thick walls, 70 days, medium strong plants. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1994.

Independence (HMX 1661) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet pepper; extra large, slightly elongated blocky fruit; exceptional deep red color; early set. Resistance: BLS 1,2,3,5. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Inferno (PS216590) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Hungarian Yellow Wax. 1993.

Inia - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to yellow bell pepper, very large fruit, open plant habit, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Intrepid (XP12266) - Breeder: R. Hernandez. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Characteristics: green to red bell, compact plant, concentrated fruit set, deep blocky shape, 5 days earlier than 'Enterprise'. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3, tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: Enterprise. Adaptation: Northeast, Canada. 2000.

Irini - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to yellow, fruit 150 x 90 mm, strong vigorous plant, early, thick wall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Ironsides (PS 334094) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: early maturing, blocky green to red bell pepper. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: Enterprise. Adaptation: Northeast United States. 2000.

Isabel - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: Lamuyo type, green ripening to yellow. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm2). Similar: Maribel. 1993.

Islander - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: light lavender ripening to red bell pepper, strong, medium-tall plants, early, 56 days, 81 days to red ripe, 3-lobed, medium size, thick wall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Isleno - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: mulato type chile, flattened, heart-shaped, blunt-ended, 150 x 60 mm sized fruit, deep glossy green ripening to dark chocolate brown, thick-walled, 750 mm tall plants, 80 days, moderately pungent. Resistance: potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus. 1997.

Issa (LM 204) - Breeder: Leen de Mos Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Characteristics: Lamuyo type sweet pepper; 70-75 day maturity; green to red; elongated shape with 3-4 lobes, 220 g fruit weight; suitable for greenhouse and outdoor production. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Lamuyo. Adaptation: all bell pepper growing regions in the U.S. and Mexico.

Italian Gourmet Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Italian pepper, deep green ripening to red, 180 mm long fruit, 70 days. 1997.

Italian Pepperoncini - Vendor: Territorial Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Italian heirloom pepperoncini type, bushy plants, non-pungent, yellow fruit maturing to red. 1998.

Italian Sweet - Breeder: Eastern States Farmers' Exchange. Vendor: Eastern States Farmers' Exchange. Parentage: Selection from local cultivar grown by local gardeners in Providence, R.I. area. Characteristics: Long tapered fruit, 5 to 6 inches long, deep red, sweet, high flavor, early and free setting. Adaptation: Northeastern United States. 1939.

Ivory (PEP9147) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup-King. Characteristics: 3-4 lobed blocky bell pepper that is ivory-waxy colored at maturity, medium large fruit size, fruit begins very light green maturing to soft yellow when past optimum harvest stage. Similar: Garden Sunshine. 1991.

Ivory Banana - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: yellow wax type pepper, pendant fruit, thick-walled, 230 x 60 mm fruit size, butter-yellow ripens to red, 56 days. 1997.

Jackpot Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed. Characteristics: fruit 200 x 100 mm, ripen to a golden yellow in 75 days, thick walls, smooth skin, sweet flavor, plants grow very large and vigorous to 610 mm tall. 1999.

Jade (XP 17) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Refined dark-green Yolo Wonder with concentrated set. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus strain 1. Similar: Yolo Wonder A. Adaptation: wide. Asgrow's "Your Crops" Dec. 1967.

Jalapa (PS5981) - Breeder: Al Burkett. Vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeño, medium pungency, early production, matures in 65 days, medium plant size with good concentrated fruit set, fruit are 64 x 25 mm, thick walled, taper to a blunt tip, matures medium green to red.

Jalapeno M - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: jalapeño type, green maturing to red, highly pungent, 75 mm long fruit, 550 mm tall plants, 73 days. 1997.

Jaloro - Breeder: B.Villalon, F.J.Dainello, D.A.Bender. Parentage: AC2207, USDA PI 264280, Jalapeno L, Caloro. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, jalapeno type, pungent bright yellow fruit turning to bright red at maturity, 54 x 28 mm fruit size, 4.13 mm wall thickness, 3-4 locules, high temperature fruit set (38C). Resistance: Texas isolates of Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y, Tobacco ringspot Virus, Cucumber Mosaic Virus. Adaptation: Texas, New Mexico, California. HortScience 29:1092-1093. 1992.

Jamaica Scotch Bonnet - Vendor: HPS. Characteristics: Capsicum chinense cultivar, matures in 120 days, later and shorter that habanero, bright-orange fruit, plants are 762 mm tall. 2000.

Jingle Bells (PSX 9289) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Extremely early bell pepper, very prolific, produces miniature fruit about 37 by 37 mm plants grow about 406 mm tall, spread about 356 mm. Maturity is about 60 days from transplants. Fruit red at full maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1992.

Jumbo Sweet - Vendor: Thompson and Morgan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, 150 x 100 mm size fruit, vigorous, early, sweet, small central core, upright plant habit, thick-walled, 3 to 4 lobed, green ripens to red, sweet, 72 days. 1993.

Jupiter (NV 3101) - Breeder: T.Williams. Vendor: Northrup-King. Characteristics: Sweet bell type, extremely blocky, produces very large, mostly four lobed fruit, PVP 8400065. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Bell Boy, Early California Wonder. 1982.

Kaala - Breeder: K.Y.Takeda, J.S.Tanaka, T.T.Sekiaka, R.A.Hamilton. Parentage: Chabai Merah, Keystone Resistant Giant. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, bell pepper type, 3 lobed, non-pungent. Resistance: Bacterial wilt (P. solanacearum) when temperature is below 27C. HortScience 31:1054. 1996.

Kalosca Sweet Spice Paprika - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Characteristics: Hungarian paprika type, 72 days to red harvest, sweet flavored, especially aromatic, plants grow to about 610 mm tall, fruit are 40 x 130 mm. 1999.

Kelvin - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, yellow bell pepper, medium fruit size. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm2). 1993.

Key Largo - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cubanelle pod type, thin-fleshed, 150 mm long and 50 mm wide at shoulders, fruit ripens from a yellow-green fruit to a bright orange red; plants produce good foliage cover for the fruit. 1999.

Key West (PS 462296) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cubanelle type. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: Biscayne. Adaptation: Caribbean and Southeast U.S.

Keystone Resistant Giant - Breeder and vendor: Corneli Seed Co. Parentage: California Wonder and Hungarian cultivar. Characteristics: High percentage of fancy fruit, plants stand up well, fruit large and stay green. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Florida Giant. Adaptation: Same as Florida Giant. Corneli Description Catalog No. 14. 1954.

Keystone Resistant III - Vendor: Caroline Seeds. Characteristics: open pollinated bell pepper, large thick walled fruit, averaging 110 x 80 mm, mostly 4-lobed, and has concentrated sets under adverse conditions, harvest in 80 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1999.

Keystone Wonder Giant - Breeder and vendor: Corneli Seed Co. Parentage: Selection of California Wonder. Characteristics: Uniformity and thick flesh. Similar: Florida Giant. Adaptation: Same as Florida Giant. Corneli Description Catalog No. 14. 1951.

King Arthur (PSX10088) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Blocky bell, good set in hot weather. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, Tobacco Etch Virus, Bacterial leaf spot. 1990.

King of the North - Vendor: Henry Fields. Characteristics: early maturing, 65 days, bell pepper, 152 x 101 mm in size. 1999.

Kishinev - Vendor: Nichols Garden Nursery. Characteristics: thick fleshed, squatty fruit, exceptional flavor and juiciness, 75 days to maturity. 2000.

Klondike Bell - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: giant bell pepper, ripens dark green to golden yellow to orange, thick-walled, 110 x 110 mm fruit size, 72 days. 1997.

Kung Pao (24094) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian pepper, spiral type, green to red, slightly curved within skin, tapers to R point, high pungency, very large plant. Resistance: Tobamo virus. Similar: Spiral. Adaptation: Middle East, North Africa. 2000.

La Bamba - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green to red elongated fruit, 130 x 80 mm fruit size, medium to thick fleshed, sweet tasting, 76 days to harvest. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. 1999.

Lady Bell (PS) - Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: Early, three- to four-lobed Pennbell type; green turning red at maturity, medium size vigorous plant. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Pennbell. Adaptation: Northern United States and Canada. 1974.

Laparie - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: long, 200 x 60 mm, tapered pendant fruit, slightly wrinkled, dark green ripens red, 72 days. 1997.

Ledoro (E8260) - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to yellow bell pepper, very large fruit, vigorous plant habit, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. 1995.

Lemon Belle Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Characteristics: bright yellow bell pepper, 3-lobed 100 mm long, 90 mm wide, smooth shoulders, uniform and blocky with medium-thick wall, 72 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus. 1997.

Lexington - Vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper, fruit dark-green, blocky shaped. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Po) and bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. The Grower, Nov. 1998.

Liberty (HMX 1664) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet pepper; large, rectangular, half-long fruit; attractive yellow color. Resistance: BLS 1,2,3,5 and TMV (PO). Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Liberty Bell - Breeder: A.E. Thompson. Vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Oakview Wonder and Burlington type. Characteristics: Mid-season, smooth, three to four lobed fruit, medium thick flesh, with a good green and ripe color. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Oakview Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1956.

Lilac (PEP9151) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup-King. Characteristics: Lavender colored bell pepper, actual color resulting from a purple on ivory-waxy bell, remains in lavender phase much longer than most purple bells, medium-small in size, fruit are occasionally slightly pointed. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Stip. Similar: Purple Bell or Purple Beauty. 1991.

Lincoln Bell (Ill. 1003-205) - Breeder: Univ. of Illinois. Vendor: Corneli Seed Co. and Petoseed Co. Parentage: Yolo Wonder and Allbig. Characteristics: Heavy early and total yield of good quality fruit; leaves tend to roll but provide adequate cover for fruit under most conditions. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder, Allbig. Adaptation: Midwestern United States, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. Illinois Research 6(2). 1964.

Lipstick - Breeder: R.Johnston. Vendor: Johnny's. Characteristics: 25 x 51 mm fruit size, cone shape, thick flesh, fruit is green ripening red, very sweet taste, early maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1987.

Little Dipper Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Characteristics: miniature bell pepper, 50 x 40 mm, green to red fruit, 650 mm tall plants, 66 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. 1997.

Locas - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, medium size, short jointed, particularly suitable for cooler greenhouses. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0), sunscorch. 1993.

Long Chili - Vendor: Known-You Seeds. Characteristics: plants are erect, rather tall, and very vigorous, fruit are long and slim, 180 x 20 mm, medium green fruit turns bright red at maturity, smooth thin walls, medium pungent. 2000.

Long Green - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early, sets well under low temperatures, spreading foliage, short internodes, green ripening to red, 140 x 18 mm fruit size. 1996.

Loribelle (BOSSI100) - Breeder: B.Orsetti and S.Tambo. Vendor: Orsetti Seed Co. Characteristics: Medium large upright plants with adequate foliage cover, fruit are large, medium dark green that are glossy in appearance and predominately four-lobed and thick-walled. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant. 1992.

Luteus - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to yellow bell pepper, short well-formed plant habit, dark green leaves, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

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