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Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America

Pepper (M-Z), Lists 1-26 Combined

Edited by Paul W. Bosland

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
New Mexico State University
Las Cruces, NM 88003

Maestro - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, uniform, green ripening to red bell pepper, thick walls, very early, well formed plants, not too many side shoots. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. 1995.

Magic Red - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mid-size fruit, 127 x 19 mm, smooth, tapered, pointed, medium hot pungency, 60 days green, 85 days red ripe, tall plants, good yield. Adaptation: wide. 1999.

Malan - Vendor: Daehnfeldt Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, dark green to red fruit, 115 x 100 mm fruit size, 3- to 4-lobes, thick walls, plants are medium strong and determinate, 71 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: California Wonder. 1994.

Mandarin - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Unique orange color in large fruited elongated bell pepper, 127-165 mm length, medium vigorous plant 74-78 days maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Valencia. 1994.

Mano de Piedra (173901) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Given to red blocky bell, vigorous medium size plant, large extra deep bell with slight taper, good red quality. Resistance: BST, Races 1, 2, 3. Similar: Commandant. Adaptation: Mexico. 2000.

Mante (PS496) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: serrano, mid to early maturity, medium large plant, fruit 50 x 152 mm, medium green. Resistance: pepper mottle virus, potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus. Similar: TAM Piquero. Adaptation: Mexico.

Manzano - Vendor: The Redwood City Co. Characteristics: common Capsicum pubescens fruit type, bush-like growth, square 51 mm fruit, matures green to red, unique black seeds, very hot and unique, juicy flavor. 2000.

Mar Rojo (PS 241696) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: green to red blocky fruit, vigorous medium size plant, large to extra deep, with slight taper. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot 1, 2 and 3. Adaptation: Mexico.

Maratos - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, glossy green maturing to a bright red bell pepper, dark green foliage, vigorous growing plant habit, sets well under high temperatures, fruit are very large and blocky and predominantly 4 lobed, very productive for harvesting as green fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. Adaptation: Southern Europe and subtropical regions. 1995.

Maravilla (151388) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: half long green to red, sweet bell. Resistance: bacterial leaf Spot, tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: X3R Camelot. Adaptation: Australia, Mexico, Italy, Florida.

Marbles (OSU S-14) - Breeder: J.R.Baggett and D.Kean. Vendor: Oregon Agric. Exp. Sta. Parentage: Nosegay and Fiery Festival. Characteristics: Dwarf, compact, small cherry type fruit; color mix of ivory, purple, red; slightly hot. HortScience 23:1097. 1988.

Marconi Red - Vendor: Carolina Seeds. Characteristics: sweet pepper, with 230 x 40 mm fruit, starting out light green and turning bright red, harvest in 65 days. 1999.

Marengo (XPH831) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Early green to yellow bell with long fruit and thick walls. Similar: Yellow bell types. 1981.

Margarita (PEP 0487) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: 3-4 lobed, smooth, elongated pepper, green to red, early maturing. Resistance: Stip, Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Elisa, Macabe.

Mariachi (227160) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; yellow to red; very large size fruit with thick walls, good color, 10.5-11.0 cm long; wide shoulders are typical so fruit are heavier than Santa Fe Grande; vigorous plant with good set, early maturity. Similar: Santa Fe Grande, Don Nacho. Adaptation: NAFTA. 2003.

Maribel - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: yellow Lamuyo type, tolerates hot and cold conditions, very uniform in size. Resistance: stip. 1993.

Marquis (PEP9144) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup-King. Characteristics: 3-4 lobed elongated green to red bell 127 x 140 mm fruit size, thick walls, medium dark green fruit matures to an attractive red, good firmness when mature. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, Tobacco Etch Virus, Stip. Similar: Clovis. 1991.

Martindale II - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, green ripening to deep red, thick-walled, sweet, 120 x 90 mm fruit size, 70 days. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 1997.

Martindale III - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, green ripening to deep red, thick-walled, sweet, 110 mm long fruit, 72 days. 1997.

Marvello - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, yellow bell pepper, large fruit size. Resistance: stip. 1993.

Mavras - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, purple bell pepper, good yielder, thick wall, medium vigorous plant habit, very early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. 1995.

Mayata - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, sets very well during cool temperatures, dark green ripening to bright red, thick-walled, 3- to 4-lobed, 120 x 100 mm fruit size, 71 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Bell Tower. 1997.

Mazurka - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green or red harvest, growth and production are regular, excellent fruit quality. Resistance: russeting, tobacco mosaic virus (TmO), bitter pit. Adaptation: Netherlands, Spain, Middle East, and North America. 1998.

Medeo - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, medium size, early, thick walled. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0), stip, russeting, and blossom end rot. 1993.

Melis - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Kazanli type, slim, light green fruit, 200 mm long, good cold tolerance. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus (Tm0). Adaptation: winter greenhouse cultivation. 1999.

Melody (XPH32) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, long-fruited, green to red bell, with excellent uniformity. Similar: Blue Star and Tamuyo. 1981.

Merced (E8266) - Breeder: S. Tambo. Vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, blocky, thick-walled, dark-green fruit, earlier than Yolo B, PVP 8100057. Similar: Yolo B. Adaptation: California. 1980.

Merced B - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Selection from market garden strain from San Joaquin Valley. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Merced. Adaptation: general. 1955.

Mercury (69) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Large, 3 to 4 lobed dark green fruit, plant more compact than Keystone Resistant Giant. Adaptation: general. 1971.

Merlin (PSX20685) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Early main-season vigorous plant slightly spreading habit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1990.

Merrimack Wonder - Breeder: Dept. of Hort., Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Helper Seed Co. Parentage: Selection from parent lines of Charter Oak. Characteristics: Earliness and ability to set a crop in cool weather, excellent yield. Similar: California Wonder types. Adaptation: Regionally adapted to northern United States. 1942.

Mesilla (PS210388) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Cayenne type fruit, 37 x 279 mm long, tapered and rough, pendant fruit attachment upright plant, mid-season maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, Tobacco Etch Virus. Similar: Cayenne Large Red Thick.

Mexheim - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: New Mexican pod type, smooth and thick pod, mostly 2-lobed, green ripening to red, 190 x 46 mm fruit size, pungent. 1996.

Michigan Wonder - Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Parentage: California Wonder. Characteristics: Earlier, dwarfed and thicker-meated than California Wonder, fruit smaller, higher ratio of four-celled fruit. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: Northern regions of U.S. Burgess Catalog. 1939.

Midway (33) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Very early, large bell fruit, open plant. Resistance: Tolerant to Cucumber Mosaic Virus. Similar: Staddon's Select. Adaptation: Eastern and northern U.S. 1967.

Migold - Breeder: S.Honma and H.C.Price. Parentage: Avelar, Romanian, Kupos, Umajoiri. Characteristics: Open- pollinated bell pepper, 3 lobed, yellow immature fruit color ripening to orange-red, fruit size 60 x 130 mm, sturdy plant structure. Similar: Romanian. Adaptation: Northern U.S. HortScience 21:1243. 1986.

Mikalor - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to yellow, 150 x 90 mm fruit size, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Miki - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to red, thick wall, predominantly 4-lobed fruit 180 x 90 mm, strong growing plant, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. Adaptation: under plastic in southern Europe. 1998.

Mild California - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Chile pepper without pungency, suitable for dehydration, two to three celled, wrinkle fruit. Similar: New Mexico 6. Adaptation: wide. 1971.

Milfruto - Breeder: Inter-American Institute of Agric. Sci., Turrialba, Costa Rica. Parentage: Selection from local plantings showing great variation (Early Spanish stocks). Characteristics: Open-pollinated, Pimiento type, very productive under Turrialba conditions. Resistance: To various fungi. Similar: Perfection. Adaptation: Apparently adapted to most tropical areas. Turrialba 2 (3):113-114. 1952.

Mission Belle (FMX 724) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Medium large, dark green thick walled fruit, heavy and concentrated set with potential for once over harvest. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder. 1983.

Mississippi Nemaheart (BC18) - Breeder: Dept. of Plant Pathology and Weed Science, Mississippi State College, State College. Parentage: Trueheart Perfection. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, Pimiento type, excellent yield and quality. Resistance: Four species of root-knot nematodes. Similar: Trueheart Perfection. Adaptation: wide. Mississippi Farm Research. 1966.

Mitla - Breeder: K.Owens. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early jalapeno type, uniform large fruit, exceptional yielder, green fruit turn red at maturity, highly pungent. 1990.

Monalisa (FMX 1199) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Elongated pepper, lamuyo type, smooth thick walled, green to red color, mostly 4 lobes. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Elisa, Vidi.

Montego (JSS8110) - Breeder and vendor: Johnny's. Characteristics: 178 x 76 mm pointed fruit, pale yellow ripening to red, thick fruit walls, juicy, mild, sweet taste. Similar: Cubanelle. 1989.

Moreno Belle (MFX100) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Characteristics: Large fruit, medium dark green, blocky, mostly four-lobed and thick-walled, tends to have indeterminate fruiting habit, prolific. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y, and tolerant to Tobacco Etch Virus. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant #3. 1993.

Morgold - Breeder: Experimental Sta., Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: Patmore Nurseries. Parentage: Merrimack Wonder and Harris Earliest. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, bell pepper, golden color fruit when ripe; dwarf plants. Adaptation: Regionally adapted to the southern Canadian Prairies. Mimeograph Canadian Dept. Agric.

Mucho Nacho Hybrid - Vendor: Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeno type, 100 x 10 mm fruit size, thick walled, green to red, slightly hotter than other jalapenos, exceptionally vigorous plants with very high yields, 72 days to harvest. 1999.

Nainari (PS 11406891) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Cayenne type; short plant; large fruit with thick walls, deep red color; early maturity; good yield. Similar: Mesilla. Adaptation: NAFTA - Northeast, main season. 2004.

Nassau - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, orange at harvest, vigorous plant growth, medium size internodes, easy fruit set, good texture. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus (Tm0), bitter pit. 1999.

Nathalie (PEP2129) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Dark green fruit, 140 mm long, dual lobed fruit, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: Potato Virus Y. Similar: Magda and Agronomico.

Navajoa (PS219090) - Breeder: J.Bill. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Early New Mexican type, improved uniformity, concentrated set. Similar: Sonora Anaheim, Anaheim TMR23.

Navolato (PS243592) - Breeder: J.Bill. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Large plant, deep blocky green to red fruit, main season, no anthocyanin. Resistance: Potato Virus Y, Stip. Similar: Galaxy.

Nazas (PS 11423847) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Serrano type; fruit size 78 x 20 mm; very firm; very pungent; concentrated fruit set; fruit cylindrical with tapered tip; green to red tip; early maturity. Resistance: pepper mottle virus, potato virus y. Similar: Tuxtlas. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Neptune (NVH3053) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup-King. Characteristics: Excellent bell pepper with superior qualities when maturing to red. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Jupiter. 1987.

New Comer - Vendor: Known-You Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large conic fruit type, 180 x 28 mm, tapering, thick shoulder, mildly pungent, green turning bright red at maturity, plants are tall, vigorous, very prolific. 1987.

New Mexico No. 6. - Breeder: R. Harper. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: selection from local chile. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, mildly pungent New Mexican type with long, smooth, relatively fleshy pods; vigorous compact plant, heavy foliage. Similar: New Mexico No. 9. Adaptation: Southern and southwestern United States. New Mexico. Agric. Expt. Sta. Press Bulletin 1041. 1950.

New Mexico No. 9 - Breeder: F.Garcia. Parentage: Pasilla, Chile Colorado, Chile Negro. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, the first cultivar of the New Mexican (Anaheim) type, green immature fruit ripening to red. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. New Mexico State Univ. Bulletin No. 124. 1921.

Noche - Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Co.  Adaptation: U.S.  2005.

North Star (PSX786) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Bell pepper, very productive, recommended for short season areas, 3-4 lobes, large fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1989.

NuMex Bailey Piquin - Breeder: P.W.Bosland and J.Iglesias. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Selection from a chile accession from the Caribbean area of Mexico. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, piquin type, erect and machine harvestable fruit, an upright semi-determinate, non-spreading plant habit, highly pungent (97,000 Scoville Heat Units), Adaptation: wide. HortScience 27:941-942. 1991.

NuMex Big Jim - Breeder: R.Nakayama. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, large fruit, in Guinness book of records as the worlds largest pepper, thick fleshy fruit with hook at tip, smooth surface, light green fruit flatten and ripens to red, high variability among plants for pungency. Similar: New Mexico 6. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. 1975.

NuMex Centennial - Breeder: P.W.Bosland, J.Iglesias, and M.M.Gonzalez. Vendor: Bailey Seeds. Parentage: New Mexico Capsicum Accession 10009, originally from Chihuahua, Mexico. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, ornamental type, compact plant, purple flowers and foliage, erect fruit are purple, then ripen to yellow, then to orange, and lastly, red. Adaptation: general. HortScience 29:1092. 1988.

NuMex Conquistador - Breeder: P.W.Bosland, J.Iglesias, and S.D.Tanksley. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: A selection from New Mexico 6-4. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, non-pungent, multipurpose green immature fruit ripening to red, round shoulders, pointed tip, smooth surface, thick flesh, 2 locules. Similar: New Mexico 6-4. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. HortScience 26:215-216. 1991.

NuMex Eclipse - Breeder: P.W.Bosland, J.Iglesias, and S.D.Tanksley. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Permagreen and New Mexico 6-4. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, ornamental use, green immature fruit matures to brown, similar in pungency and flavor to New Mexico 6-4. Similar: NuMex Sunrise and NuMex Sunset. Adaptation: general. HortScience 29:1091. 1988.

NuMex Joe E. Parker - Breeder: P.W.Bosland J.Iglesias, and M.M.Gonzalez. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: A selection from New Mexico 6-4. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, high yielding, New Mexican type, less variability in horticultural traits than New Mexico 6-4, green immature fruit ripening to red, 2 locules. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: New Mexico 6-4. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. HortScience 28:347-348. 1990.

NuMex Mirasol - Breeder: P.W.Bosland and M.M.Gonzalez. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: La Blanca and Santaka. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, Mirasol type, multistemmed bush, 610 mm tall and 381 mm wide, upright fruit, sets in clusters, green immature fruit turning red at maturity, 52 x 19 mm fruit. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. HortScience 29:1091. 1993.

NuMex Piñata - Breeder: E. Votava and P.W. Bosland. Vendor: Renee's Garden Seeds. Parentage: spontaneous mutant from 'Early Jalapeno'. Characteristics: open pollinated jalapeño, unique fruit color transition from a light green in the immature fruit to yellow to orange and finally to red mature stages, compact, prolific, lutescent foliage. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Early Jalapeno. Adaptation: all jalapeño growing regions. HortScience 33:350. 1998.

NuMex Primavera - Breeder: P.W. Bosland and E. Votava. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Early Jalapeno, TAM Mild Jalapeno, and Criollo de Morelos 334. Characteristics: open pollinated jalapeño, one-tenth the pungency of standard jalapenos, 54 x 25 mm, green to red, plant 163 mm tall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Early Jalapeno. Adaptation: southern New Mexico production area. HortScience 33:1085-1086. 1998.

NuMex R Naky - Breeder: R.M.Nakayama and F.B.Matta. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Rio Grande, Bulgarian Paprika, New Mexico 6-4, northern New Mexico native-type. Characteristics: Open-pollinated New Mexican type, yields better and has better red color than New Mexico 6-4. Pungency is very mild (700 Scoville heat units). Similar: New Mexico 6-4. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. HortScience 20:961-962. 1985.

NuMex Sunburst - Breeder: P.W.Bosland. Vendor: Bailey Seeds. Parentage: USDA PI 357573. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, de Arbol pod type, ornamental use, pendulate fruit, green immature fruit ripening to orange, 71 x 13 mm fruit size. Similar: NuMex Sunflare and NuMex Sunglo. Adaptation: general. HortScience 27:1341-1342. 1991.

NuMex Sunflare - Breeder: P.W.Bosland. Vendor: Bailey Seeds. Parentage: USDA PI 357573. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, de Arbol pod type, ornamental use, pendulate fruit, green immature fruit ripening to red, 73 x 12 mm fruit size. Similar: NuMex Sunglo and NuMex Sunburst. Adaptation: general. HortScience 27:1341-1342. 1991.

NuMex Sunglo - Breeder: P.W.Bosland. Vendor: Bailey Seeds. Parentage: USDA PI 357573. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, de Arbol pod type, ornamental use, pendulate fruit, green immature fruit ripening to yellow, 83 x 14 mm fruit size. Similar: NuMex Sunflare and NuMex Sunburst. Adaptation: general. HortScience 27:1341-1342. 1991.

NuMex Sunrise - Breeder: P.W.Bosland, J.Iglesias, and S.D.Tanksley. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Permagreen and New Mexico 6-4. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, ornamental use, green immature fruit matures to yellow, similar in pungency and flavor to New Mexico 6-4. Similar: New Mexico 6-4. Adaptation: general. HortScience 29:1091. 1988.

NuMex Sunset - Breeder: P.W.Bosland, J.Iglesias, and S.D.Tanksley. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Permagreen and New Mexico 6-4. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, ornamental use, green immature fruit matures to orange, similar in pungency and flavor to New Mexico 6-4. Similar: NuMex Sunrise and NuMex Eclipse. Adaptation: general. HortScience 29:1091. 1988.

NuMex Sweet - Breeder: P.W.Bosland J.Iglesias and M.M.Gonzalez. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: Selection from New Mexico 6-4. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican paprika type, two-locule, round shouldered, pointed tip, smooth fruit, high red color, better yielding than NuMex R Naky. Similar: NuMex R Naky. Adaptation: Southwestern U.S. HortScience 28:860-861. 1990.

NuMex Twilight - Breeder: P.W.Bosland, J.Iglesias, and M.M.Gonzalez. Vendor: Bailey Seeds. Parentage: New Mexico Capsicum Accession 10488, originally from Jalisco, Mexico. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, ornamental type, compact plant, white flowers and green foliage, erect fruit are purple, then ripen to yellow, then to orange, and lastly, red. Resistance: Cucumber Mosaic Virus Adaptation: general. HortScience 29:1092. 1994.

Oakview Wonder - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: California Wonder. Characteristics: Earlier, shorter plant and slightly shorter and wider fruit shape than California Wonder. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1938.

Oberon (PS 7273823) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Green to red blocky bell, large to extra large, thick walls. Resistance: BST, PVY, Tobamo 3 races of bacterial spot. Similar: Paladin. Adaptation: Eastern U.S. 2000.

Olympic (XPH 5013) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: An early fruiting, yellow bell type, thick walled, high percentage of four-lobed fruit, large-leafed plant protects fruit from scald. Similar: Marengo. 1984.

Orange Grande - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: good sized, 4-lobed, 140 mm square fruit, dark green matures to tangerine-orange, 76 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Oriole. 1997.

Ori - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Yellow fruit cultivar suitable for protected cropping out of season in Mediterranean areas, average plant vigor, with short internodes, very good early marketable yield, thick fleshy fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Heldor. 1986.

Oriole - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: good sized, 4-lobed, 120 mm square fruit, dark green matures to tangerine-orange, 74 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Orobelle - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark green ripening to gold, bell pepper, medium-large size, thick-walled, 3- to 4-lobed, strong plant, good foliage cover. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y. 1997.

Ortega - Breeder: Ortega Chile Co. Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated; selection from Anaheim TMR 23. Characteristics: New Mexican type, 70 days, mild pungency, 160 x 50 mm fruit size, green ripening to red, tall plants. Similar: Anaheim TMR 23. 1996.

Pacemaker - Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Parentage: Harris Early Giant. Characteristics: Productive and very early. Adaptation: short season areas. Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Catalog. 1949.

Pak Bell (Sunre 4503) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Vendor: SunSeeds. Characteristics: Blocky, thick-walled prolific bell; green to red maturity. Early maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Big Bell and Bell Boy. 1990.

Paladin - Breeder: Steve Czaplewski. Vendor: Novartis Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper; mid-season maturity, dark-green extra-large fruit; high quality, high yielding, sweet bell pepper. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, Phytophthora capsici. Similar: Camelot.

Papaloa - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeño type, dark green ripening to red, thick walls, 65 x 28 mm fruit size, pungent. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. 1996.

Papaloapan (PS 3545809) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Serrano type; fruit 8 cm long by 2 cm wide; strong plant; long shelf life; continuous fruit setting; 1300 Scoville heat units. Resistance: Potato virus Y (strain 0). Similar: Tampico Fiesta, Tuxtlas. Adaptation: NAFTA, Mexico. 2004.

Paper Dragon - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, 55 days, thin wall, 175 x 22 mm fruit size, medium-hot pungency, green ripening to red. 1997.

Paprika Supreme (PSX72285) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: New Mexican paprika type, 10-14 days earlier than standard paprika cultivars and much better yield. Fruit are 178 mm long, flat, thin-walled, mild and mature to a bright intense red color. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: PapriQueen. 1994.

Park's Early Thickset Hybrid Improved - Vendor: Park Seed. Characteristics: early, 45 days, bell pepper, thick-walled, 3- to 4-lobed fruit, 110 x 90 mm, foliage protects against sunscald, turns bright scarlet when mature. 1999.

Park's Pot Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: small plants 250 mm tall, medium sized fruit, sweet, early, 45 days. 1997.

Park's Sweet Banana Whopper Improved Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed. Characteristics: banana type, 65 days to harvest, vigorous plants, huge thick-walled fruit. 1999.

Passion - Vendor: Known-You Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, vigorous plants, tolerant to hot and cool temperatures, 150 x 25 mm, thick fleshed, very pungent fruit, green ripening to red. 1987.

Patella (E8611) - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, lilac colored ripening to red bell pepper, medium sized plant frame, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. Similar: Tequila. 1995.

Patio Bell (79-73) - Breeder: Goldsmith Seeds. Vendor: Vaughan Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, small, compact plant; three to four lobed, slightly tapered fruit, medium wall thickness, very early. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Park's Pot Pepper. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Patriot (HMX 0640) - Breeder: Joseph Jacobs. Vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky bell red type; medium early, blocky bell; fruit extra large and dark green. Adaptation: U.S. east coast, especially Florida. 2002.

Pegaso (E34520) - Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type, green maturing to yellow. Adaptation: U.S., Mexico. 1997.

Peninsula (HMX 9646) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Intermediate to fall plant, usually 16-20" tall with continuous fruit set. Medium green fruit with thick walls. Resistance: BLS, XC 1,2,3,5,TMV. Adaptation: Florida, California Coast, Georgia and Canada. Year released:2000.

Pennwonder - Breeder: M.L. Odland. Vendor: Pennsylvania Agric. Expt. Sta. Parentage: Harris Earliest and California Early Wonder. Characteristics: Thick, good quality flesh, high yield, smooth fruit, early maturity, and ease of harvest. Resistance: Virus resistance has been reported. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: regionally to the northeastern United States. Seed World 59:26. 1946.

Permagreen (NH PG 62) - Breeder: New Hampshire Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Farmer Seed and Nursery Co. Parentage: No. PB 9-49-134 (Univ. of Calif.), Merrimack Wonder, Burlington. Characteristics: Early fruit, blocky shaped, dark moss green that never turns red even when mature. Adaptation: Northern United States and Canada. 1965.

Peter Piper - Breeder: P. Prashar. Vendor: South Dakota Agric. Expt. Sta. Characteristics: Earliness. 1963.

Petite Yellow Sweet (PSX1007) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, compact (508 to 610 mm tall) good cover, productive with concentrated set; fruit (102 x 25 mm) light yellow maturing to reddish orange. Similar: Sweet Banana. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Peto Wonder Hybrid TMV - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Park Seed Co. and HPS. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: elongated bell pepper tapering toward blossom end, 110 x 180 mm, dark green ripening to deep red, 4-lobed, thick-walled, 78 days, plants 685 mm tall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Pichi Fa-M - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: strong, tall, well branched plants, high pungency, green ripening to red, 100 x 15 mm fruit size, medium-thick walled fruit. Adaptation: tropical and subtropical areas. 1996.

Pick-Me-Quick - Breeder: P. Prashar and M. Eneroldsen. Vendor: Gurney Seed and Nursery Co. Parentage: Improved squash, California Wonder, Merrimack Wonder, Staddon's Select. Characteristics: Open- pollinated, semi-spreading, upright, concentrated fruit set, three to four lobed, early maturing, green to red. Similar: Early Bell Ringer. Adaptation: Northern United States. 1984.

Pimento, Sunnybrook (Sweet Cheese, Burpee's Sunnybrook) - Characteristics: tomato shaped, 64 x 76 mm, smooth, sweet and very mild, green maturing to red, ripens in 73 days, upright dark green plant, 711 mm plant size. Garden Seed Inventory. 1992.

Pimiento Elite (PSX46450) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: A thick walled pimiento type that matures a week earlier than the open-pollinated, standard pimientos and sets more fruit, fruit measure 76 x 63 mm, heart-shaped. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Pimiento L. 1993.

Pimiento L - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, large thick wall fruit, vigorous good cover plant. Adaptation: Pimiento growing areas. Petoseed Catalog. 1968.

Pimlico (HMX2662) - Breeder: J.Scott. Vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: Bell type, deep, dark green color, large 4 lobe fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Y Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus. Similar: Grande Rio 66. 1994.

Pinocchio - Breeder: E.M. Meader and A.F. Yeager. Vendor: Billy Hepler Seed Co. Parentage: Early Sweet No. 1-48 and Christmas Bell. Characteristics: Sweet, edible, finger-like fruit borne upright on a dwarf plant, dual purpose, useful and ornamental. Adaptation: wide. New Hampshire Agric. Expt. Sta. Bulletin No. 440. 1957.

Pip (XP 417) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: Selection from Keystone Resistant Giant No. 3. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, more uniform than Keystone Resistant Giant. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant No. 3. Adaptation: Southwestern United States. 1976.

Pirati - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to red, fruit 110 x 90 mm, continuous growth of plant, medium early, thick wall. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, potato virus Y. Adaptation: southern Europe and subtropical areas. 1995.

Pizza Pepper (OSU 104-1-1-4) - Breeder: J. Baggett. Vendor: Territorial Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: conic pepper type, 90 mm length, wall thickness 6 mm, fruit mature from green to red, plants 40 cm tall. Similar: Apple and Lipstick, except with thicker walls. 1998.

Plato (PS 9914906) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green to red medium dark green bell type with large to extra large blocky, firm fruit; medium to large robust plant. Resistance: Potato virus Y, bacterial spot. Similar: Stiletto, Heritage. Adaptation: Southeast, U.S., NAFTA. 2004.

Polka - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: compact plants, strong and vigorous, suitable for green harvest, easy fruit setting, very tasty. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus (TmO). Adaptation: outdoor cultivation is best. 1999.

Prairie Fire - Breeder: Ron Goebel. Vendor: Thompson and Morgan. Characteristics: small fruit, ornamental, compact plant, excellent flavor, extremely hot peppers. 2000.

Predi - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: A versatile cultivar with guaranteed earliness and quality, average plant vigor well suited for protected and outdoor cultivation very thick fleshy fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1986.

Presidente (P9R item 660) - Breeder: Clause Semences. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type, green maturing to red. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y and pepper mottle virus. Adaptation: Mexico.

Pretty in Purple - Vendor: Harris Seeds and Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: ornamental chile, 60 days, leaves are purple or variegated purple and green, small (6 mm) round fruit size, purple ripening to yellow, orange, and finally scarlet, purple flowers, pungent. 1996.

Prima Belle (ARCO 3x29) - Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, large, blocky four-lobed, bell-type with thick walls and medium dark-green color turning bright red at full maturity, PVP 8800057. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Emerald Giant. Adaptation: California and some parts of Florida and Texas. 1987.

Primadona (FMX 1145) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Blocky shaped fruit with walls that average 6 mm, the length of fruit average 139 x 102 mm attractive fruit that have smooth shoulders and mature red, the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, sets all produce quality fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Galaxy, Jupiter, Verdell.

Prince (P19-Y) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Yellow Lamuyo Pepper. Similar: Zarco. Adaptation: New Mexico, California and Southwest U.S. 1999.

Pro-Bell (ACR no. 3078) - Breeder: Abbott and Cobb. Vendor: Otis Twilley Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, earlier than California Wonder with large blocky fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Early California Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Puerto Rico Perfection (Morron) - Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Seed Farms Division, Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Sta. Parentage: Perfection and Puerto Rico Wonder. Characteristics: Prolific. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Pimiento. Adaptation: regionally to the tropics.

Puerto Rico Wonder - Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Seed Farms Division, Puerto Rico Expt. Sta. Parentage: Cuaresmeno (Mexican chile) and California Wonder. Characteristics: Very prolific, late. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: regionally to the tropics.

Punto - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: vigorous, open growth habit, Dolma type pepper, thin-walled. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). Adaptation: performs well in outdoor cultivation. 1999.

Purple Beauty - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: blocky bell pepper, sturdy, compact plants, medium sized fruit, dark purple ripening to red, 4-lobed, thick-walled. 1997.

Purple Belle (P35) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, unique purple color when immature and red at maturity; very early maturing with compact plant size, four-lobed, blocky fruit, 134 x 102 mm. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Violetta. Adaptation: wide. 1984.

Purpleflame - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, purple maturing to red bell pepper, medium fruit size, open plant habit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0), blossom end rot. 1993.

Pusa Iwala - Vendor: Daehnfeldt Seed Co. Characteristics: elongated cone, 100 to 120 mm long fruit size, thin walls, 65 days to maturity, green to red. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1994.

Quadrato D'Oro - Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, green ripening to rich gold, thick-walled, smooth-skinned, 70 days, crisp sweet, good foliage cover. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y, stip. 1997.

Quantanamo - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cubanelle type pepper, 185 mm long fruit, tapered to blunt tip, medium thick flesh, very sweet, 60 days. 1997.

Quantico (XP 12279) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Hybrid sweet pepper, green to yellow, deep blocky shape, 7 days earlier than Gold Coast, large extra large fruit, smooth and firm. Resistance: Bacterial Spot 1, 2, 3 and Tobamo Po. Adaptation: worldwide. 2000.

Queen - Breeder: Enza Zaden. Vendor: Territorial Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green to orange bell pepper type, large fruit, plant has excellent leaf coverage. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1998.

Queen Star - Vendor: Thompson and Morgan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, vigorous, early, tender flesh, very small central core, green ripens to red, 65 days. 1993.

Quetzal (PS 456796) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds/Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tropical Irazu type, conical shaped sweet pepper. Resistance: potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus, tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Tropical Irazu.

Rampage (PSX062071) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Early maturity (65-70 days). Huge yields of 134 x 88 mm, 3-4 lobed bell peppers that mature from green to red, sturdy upright plants. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Bell Boy. 1993.

Ranger (XPH5544) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: A large fruit, 3-4 lobed, green to red type with thick walls, early maturity, erect bush with good foliage cover, long picking potential. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant No. 3. 1989.

Rebelde (PS 11410079) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Ancho type; fruit size 175 x 90 mm; high percentage of two-locule fruit; traditional mulato dark green color turning chocolate in the ripe stage; strong plant; for fresh market and drying when red ripe color is not required. Similar: Caballero. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Rebell (XPH5693) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: Mid-season square green to red bell pepper, medium large plant. Resistance: Bacterial leaf spot races 1 and 2. Similar: Belmont. 1991.

Red Beauty - Vendor: Henry Fields. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper, fruit 100 mm long, thick-walled. 1999.

Red Cherry, Large - Vendor: Carolina Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: strong erect plants, 500 mm tall plants, 50 mm round fruit, green to red at maturity, heavy producer, 78 days, open pollinated. 1999.

Red Chilli - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Indonesian hot type, vigorous, fruit setting ability in tropical conditions, 125 x 18 mm fruit size, very pungent. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. 1996.

Red Dawn - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, thick walls, green ripening to red, 3- to 4-lobed, 100 x 90 mm fruit size, 66 days. 1997.

Red Knight (PS 213896) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large blocky bell, good red quality, early maturity. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3, potato virus Y. Adaptation: southeast and northeast U.S.

Red Lion (HMX 0651) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: half long Lamuyo type; fruit are 3 to 4 lobed, very uniform size and shape, green to red color. Adaptation: California. 2003.

Red Savina - Breeder: F. Garcia. Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: C. chinense cultivar, wrinkled, Chinese-lantern shaped, green ripening to dark red fruit, very high pungency, pendant fruit, 1050 mm tall plants, 100 days to harvest. PVP 9200255. 1997.

Red Start - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, thick walls, dark green ripening to red, sweet, 3- to 4-lobed, 95 mm long fruit, 65 days. 1997.

Red Sweet - Vendor: High Altitudes. Characteristics: early maturing, 60 days, small plants, fruit 102 mm with 2-3 lobes. 2000.

Red Top - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot, 8 x 14 mm fruit size, pungent. Resistance: anthracnose. Adaptation: wide range of soils. 1996.

Red Wing - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 3- to 4-lobed, large deep bell shaped pepper, thick-walled, 150 x 140 mm fruit size, 72 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus. 1997.

Redgold - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, strong growing plant habit, thick walls, very early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. 1995.

Redlands Sweet Sue - Breeder: A.M.Hibberd, D.Gillespie, G.C.Nahrung, D.M.Persley. Vendor: New World Seeds. Parentage: Yolo Y, Hungarian yellow wax. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, non-pungent, smooth skin, fruit shape similar to Sweet Banana, size and color similar to Cubanelle. Resistance: Bacterial leaf spot, one strain of Potato Virus Y. HortScience 23:1095-1096. 1988.

Reflex - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, medium-small fruit size, short jointed plant habit, early, high specific gravity. Resistance: blossom end rot, sunscorch, tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm2). 1993.

Reinger - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mid-season dark green to red bell pepper, large elongated fruit, tall plants. Resistance: Phytophthora blight tolerant. 1998.

Renegade (XPH5964) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: Green to red sweet bell with large fruit, medium tall plant with excellent canopy. Resistance: Bacterial leaf spot races 1 and 2. Similar: Ranger. 1993.

Resistant Giant No. 4 - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, four-lobed, deep green to red, thick walled, concentrated fruit set, good cover, upright plant. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Revolution (HMX 1660) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet pepper; extra large blocky type; early set, cold tolerant. Resistance: BLS 1,2,3,5; tolerant to CMV and Phytophtora capsici. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Ring of Fire - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: pencil thin cayenne type pepper, early, very pungent, 100 mm long, 60 days. 1997.

Rio De Oro (PS 11410687) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper; yellow to red, very large fruit, thick walls, wide shoulders, good color, 10.5 to 11.0 cm long; vigorous plant; good fruit set; early maturity. Similar: Sante Fe Grande, Don Nacho. Adaptation: NAFTA, Mexico. 2004.

Rio Grande 21 - Breeder: R. Harper. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: New Mexico No. 6 and Anaheim. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, highly uniform, large, smooth pods of medium pungency, 178 x 51 mm fruit size, 2 locules. Similar: New Mexico No. 9. Adaptation: Southwestern United States. 1967.

Rio Grande Gold - Breeder: B.Villalon, F.J.Dainello, D.Bender. Vendor: Asgrow. Parentage: USDA PI 342947, Avelar, Yolo Y, Caloro. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, sweet yellow wax type, more compact and shorter than Caloro, strong main stem, sturdy branches, 60 x 34 mm fruit size, bright yellow turning to deep orange-red fruit, sets at high temperature (33C). Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Caloro. Adaptation: Texas, New Mexico, California. HortScience 23:1094. 1988.

Rio Verde (HMX3670S) - Breeder: E.Retes. Vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: Long, slim, cylindrical fruit uniform shape and size, high yields. Similar: Tanysiqueno 76. 1995.

Riot (OSU S-4) - Breeder: J.R.Baggett and D.Kean. Vendor: Oregon Agric. Exp. Sta. Characteristics: Ornamental dwarf, compact, upright, conical, early, hot; color mix of ivory, purple, red; earlier, more dwarf than Fiery Festival. Similar: Fiery Festival. HortScience 23:1097. 1988.

Robin - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 3- to 4-lobed, deep bell shaped pepper, thick-walled, 120 x 110 mm fruit size, 72 days. 1997.

Rocket Chilli - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, upright fruit, vigorous growth, high pungency, green ripening to red, fruit 65 x 8 mm. Adaptation: tropical areas. 1996.

Rocky Ford - Breeder: D.V. Burrell Seed Growers Co. Vendor: D.V. Burrell Seed Growers Co. Parentage: World Beater and California Wonder. Characteristics: Thick walled World Beater type, fruit borne high on very large, vigorous plant. Similar: World Beater. Adaptation: Florida and Colorado. 1939.

Rooster Spur - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: very hot, 125 x 3 mm fruit size, pointed fruit, small, bushy plant, 72 days. 1996.

Rosita - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Green to red maturity, elongated shape. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus pathotypes 1,2,3. Similar: Clovis. 1994.

Rutgers World Beater No.13 (New Jersey 13) (World Beater 13) - Breeder: Rutgers Univ. Characteristics: Exceptional plant vigor, large fruit, and thick walled fruit of World Beater type. Resistance: Mosaic Virus resistance. Similar: World Beater. Adaptation: New Jersey. Hort News. 1941.

Sahuaro (PS 47595) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Open field and greenhouse type, vigorous plant, high yielding, good fruit quality, light green color, thick wall, pungent. Resistance: Tobamo virus. Adaptation: North Africa and Israel. 2000.

Salsa Delight Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: narrow cayenne type, tapered 180 mm long fruit, 12 mm wide, fruit ripens from green to red, 73 days. 1997.

Salva Tierra (PS 11401234) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pasilla type hot pepper; fruit 25 to 26 cm long by 3 to 4 cm diameter, and 64.45 g weight, good uniformity; strong pant; dark green fruit, turning chocolate color when ripe. Similar: Pasilla Bajio. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Salvador (PS 456296) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: Magli type, elongated, conical fruit, green to red, thick walls. Resistance: potato virus Y. Similar: Magali R. Adaptation: Brazil.

Salvita - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type, long jointed vigorous plants, medium to large fruit, grows well under cold conditions, tall plant habit, very uniform fruit, green to red harvesting. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0), fruit cracking. 1999.

Samanta - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, yellow bell pepper, medium fruit size, thick wall, sometimes cracked shoulder. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm2), russeting, blossom end rot. 1993.

Sammy - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium jointed plants, sets fruit in the winter, nicely shaped, uniform, white-colored fruit, 170 mm long. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm 0, 1, 2). 1999.

Sandia - Breeder: R.Harper. Vendor: New Mexico Crop Improvement Assoc. Parentage: New Mexico No. 9 and Anaheim. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, New Mexican type, early maturing, highly pungent pods; plants are vigorous, prolific, and erect in growth; produces long, medium-wide pods with medium thick walls, pointed shape, rounded shoulders, green fruit maturing to red, 170 x 37 mm fruit size. Similar: New Mexico No. 9. Adaptation: southwestern United States. 1956.

Sangrati (PS 374594) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: half-long bell pepper, sweet, green to red, excellent fruit quality, vigorous plant. Resistance: pepper mild mottle virus, tobacco etch virus, tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Macabi. Adaptation: Mexico, South America.

Savanne - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, yellow bell pepper, medium fruit size, slightly hairy stem, sometimes cracked shoulder. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). 1993.

Savoure - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Characteristics: sweet pepper type. Adaptation: U.S. 2004.

Sayula - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mitla-type jalapeño, well-suited for fresh market and for processing. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Adaptation: wide. The Grower, Nov. 1998.

Secret - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: purple ripening to dark red, bell pepper, smooth, blocky, no pungency, high yields, medium-small fruit, 3- to 4-lobed, compact plants, early, 60 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Senorita (PSX204490-A) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Jalapeno pepper with very mild taste, mild pungency, less than 600 Scoville heat units under most growing conditions. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus. Similar: TAM Mild Jalapeno 1. 1995.

Sentry - Breeder: Rogers Seed. Vendor: Novartis Seeds. Characteristics: green to red bell pepper that produces large and extra large fruit, erect and vigorous plant frame, delivers a continuous set of very blocky dark green fruit with firm walls. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Adaptation: ideally suited for fall planting in Florida. The Grower, Nov. 1997.

Serrano Grande - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: serrano type, dark green ripening to red, medium thick walls, blunt tip, 75 x 21 mm fruit size, pungent. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici. 1996.

Serrano Maximo - Breeder: Hungnong Seed. Vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Characteristics: hot serrano pepper, early maturing, glossy dark green fruit, cylindrical shape, 318 mm long fruit, suited for fresh and processing markets. Similar: open pollinated serranos. Adaptation: Mexico, southwest U.S.

Shamrock (XPH829) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, blocky green to red bell with very concentrated fruit set. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Pip and California Wonder 300. 1981.

Sharina (XPH830) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large, glossy bell fruit, mid-maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Keystone Resistant Giant types. 1981.

Signet (XPH830) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, green to yellow, long bell type. Similar: Londor. 1981.

Sir Galahad (PS 223796) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky bell with large fruit size. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot, potato virus Y, tobacco mosaic virus race, stip. Similar: Enterprise. Adaptation: Florida.

Sirena - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: long slender, white colored fruit, very vigorous plants, long jointed plant habit, excellent fruit setting in the winter, 200 mm long. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (0, 1 and 2). 1999.

Sitaki - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium jointed plant habit, high average fruit weight, good shelf life. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (0, 1 and 2), russeting, blossom end rot. Adaptation: heated greenhouse production. 1999.

Sitia - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, tall vigorous plants, thick walls, excellent quality for green harvest. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0. Adaptation: heated greenhouses. 1995.

Sizzler - Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot Portugal type, great appearance and yield, larger fruited and more uniform than Hot Portugal, strong, vigorous plants, 220 x 50 mm tapered peppers that turn from green to red, despite length they are high in the plant to avoid root rot, 65 days to harvest. 1999.

Skipper (XPH828) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, blocky bell with thick walls; plants are tall and narrow. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Yolo Wonder A. 1981.

Sky Hot - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pikinu type, extremely high pungency, good uniform plant and fruit, green ripening to red, 45 x 7 mm fruit size. Adaptation: tropical areas. 1996.

Sky Line - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fasciculated upright fruit setting, early, high pungency, green ripening to red, 75 x 12 mm fruit size. 1996.

Sky Line-2 - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fasciculated upright fruit setting, medium maturity, high pungency, green ripening to red, 65 x 10 mm fruit size. 1996.

Sky Line-3 - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fasciculated upright fruit, late maturity, high pungency, green ripening to red, 55 x 10 mm fruit size. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1996.

Socrates (PS 304496) - Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet pepper with blocky, green to red fruit; early maturity; good quality at both the green (fresh market) and red (processing) maturities; extra large size fruit with good quality; thick fruit wall with majority 3 to 4 lobed fruit; vigorous plant. Resistance: potato virus Y (strain 0), bacterial spot (race 1-3). Similar: Ironsides, Red Knight. Adaptation: Northeast U.S. 2002.

Sol Real (PS 673595) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: short, half-long yellow sweet pepper. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3, potato virus Y, tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Ori. Adaptation: West Mexico.

Soni - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, thick-walled, green ripening to red. 1993.

Sonnette (100-1) - Breeder: Michigan State Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Various seedsmen. Parentage: Morgold, California Wonder, Keystone Resistant Giant. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Adaptation: northern United States. Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. Research Report. 1973.

Sonora Anaheim - Breeder: K.Owens. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Large smooth fruit, New Mexico type green chile for fresh market and dehydration. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1991.

Sophia - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid, Bull Nosed Macedonia, Bulgarian sweet frying type. Characteristics: Italian frying pepper, very smooth, uniform, 200 mm long fruit, matures to bright red, thick-walled, 68 days. 1997.

Spanish Spice - Vendor: Caroline Seeds. Characteristics: dark green, thin walled fruit, 170 mm long, mild pungency, continuously set fruit throughout the growing season. 1999.

Sparky (VTR 95) - Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cherry bomb type; sweet but hot. Adaptation: U.S. 2000.

Spartacus - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, large size, open plant habit. Resistance: blossom end rot, tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0), stip, russeting. 1993.

Spartan Garnet (6342) - Breeder: Michigan State Univ. Parentage: California Wonder and Santanka. Characteristics: Dwarf pimiento, plants 254 to 305 mm high by 254 mm wide. Adaptation: northern United States. Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bulletin 50. 1969.

Staddon's Select - Breeder: Bruce Staddon. Vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: Early, dependable yielder under adverse conditions; medium three- to four-lobed, slightly variable fruit; medium flesh turning a good red color. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus and possibly to bacterial leaf spot. Similar: Pennwonder and Wonderbeater. Adaptation: eastern United States. 1963.

Standon's Select - Vendor: High Altitudes. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: bell pepper, green ripening to red, 102 mm fruit, matures in 64 days, 660 mm tall plants. Adaptation: Mountain regions; short seasons. 2000.

Starcraft (SCI503) - Breeder: S.Tambo. Vendor: Seedcraft. Characteristics: Early maturing hybrid bell pepper, high yields of large, blocky and thick-walled fruit that are firm and glossy, color is medium dark green that turns to bright red at maturity. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus and Potato Virus Y tolerant. Similar: Yolo Wonder L. 1990.

Starr (Nex 4010) - Breeder: FMC. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, vigorous productive plant with large, blocky, four-lobed fruit. Similar: Grand Rio 66. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Striker (BS 02892230) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Bruinsma. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: yellow pepper, strong and generative, very large, blocky fruits (88 mm x 88 mm, 230 grams), uniform, good shelflife; must be grown in heated, high light level greenhouses (Ontario Canada, Mexico) or plastic multi-span houses with very high light levels (>12,000 joules per week, Mexico). Resistance: tobamovirus. Similar: Bossanova. Adaptation: NAFTA (includes Canada and Mexico. 2003.

Sugar Banana - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: wax type pepper, large pendant fruit, 180 mm long, thick-walled, 2-lobed, sweet, productive, golden yellow ripens to red, 60 days. 1997.

Sugar Chile - Vendor: Johnny's. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: New Mexican shaped chile, 60 days, thick-walled, sweet walls, mild pungency, 150 x 50 mm fruit size, green ripening to red, tapered, pointed tip, medium size plant. 1997.

Sumo Belle (FMX 1170) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Jumbo elongated blocky bell pepper with tapered end and wide shoulder. Resistance: TMV. Adaptation: Western U.S. 2000.

Sunny Star - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: improved Ruby King, long, slim fruited bell pepper, pendant fruit, brilliant green ripening to red, tall, sturdy plants, thin, tender flesh, 160 x 60 mm fruit size. Similar: Ruby King. 1987.

Sunsation (PSX008229) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Large 284 g, green to yellow blocky bell pepper, main season. Resistance: Bacterial leaf spot races 1,2,3. Similar: Summer Flavor 860. 1994.

Super Cayenne II Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cayenne type, green maturing to deep red, good foliage cover, 125 mm long fruit, thicker walls than Super Cayenne, 750 mm tall plants, 70 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race tolerance. 1997.

Super Chili Hybrid - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: ornamental, 1988 All-American Selection winner, compact plant, 60 mm long fruit, pungent, borne upright and maturing green through orange to red on 420 mm tall plants, 75 days. 1993.

Super Greygo Hybrid - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cheese type pepper, 150 x 15 mm fruit size, matures to red, thick-fleshed, sweet flavor, strong sturdy bush, 68 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Super Heavy Weight (24247) - Breeder: Jim Waltrip. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: short half long bell pepper, green to yellow with big diameter, good quality, firm, thick flesh, anthocyaninless. Resistance: potato virus Y, tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Matador. Adaptation: home garden.

Super Hungarian Hot - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: Hungarian yellow wax type, very pungent, 200 mm long fruit, 58 days. 1997.

Super Red Pimiento - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: cheese type pepper, 144 x 80 mm fruit size, green ripening to red, thick-fleshed, 70 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Greygo. 1997.

Super Serrano - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: serrano type chile, 60 days, very productive, 44 x 16 mm fruit size, glossy dark green ripening to red, blunt tip, medium tall plants. 1996.

Super Set - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper, early, green ripening to red, 64 days, 90 mm long fruit. 1997.

Super Shepherd - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Italian sweet pepper type, green ripens to dark red, 190 mm long fruit, thick-walled, 68 days. 1997.

Super Stuff - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: early bell pepper, 67 days, 150 x 95 mm fruit size, 3- to 4-lobed, thick-walled, fruit ripens medium green to butter yellow to pale orange to red. 1997.

Super Sweet Banana - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: wax banana type pepper, large pendant fruit, 140 mm long, yellow ripens to dark red, sweet, 70 days. 1997.

Super Sweet Cherry - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: cherry pepper, 40 mm fruit size, dark green ripening, dark cherry-red fruit, 75 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Super Thai (RSX007222) - Breeder: J.Waltrip. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Small tapered 88 x 12 mm green to red pungent fruit, early maturity, a low bush. Similar: Super Cayenne. 1994.

Superior (174284) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Large long red pepper, cold tolerant. Resistance: PVY, Tobamo. Similar: no cultivar like it. Adaptation: South America. 2000.

Surefire (XPO39301) - Breeder: Agway. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, hot Hungarian yellow wax type, excellent uniformity and high yields of 178 mm fruit. Similar: Hungarian Yellow Wax. Adaptation: northeastern United States. 1981.

Sweet Banana - Breeder and vendor: Corneli Seed Co. Parentage: From a mutation. Characteristics: Thick, sweet flesh wall, bright yellow color, proper shape and size for pickling. Similar: Yellow wax types. Adaptation: wide. Corneli Seed Catalog.

Sweet Belle (6C-X80) - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, large fruited, fresh market, green bell type. Adaptation: coastal and central California. 1977.

Sweet Chocolate - Breeder: New Hampshire Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Farmer Seed and Nursery. Parentage: No. PB9-49-134 (Univ. of Calif.), Merrimack Wonder, Burlington. Characteristics: Early, ripens sweet, brown, thick fleshed; used for salads and freezing whole. Adaptation: northern United States and Canada. 1965.

Sweet Delicious - Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: an unusually tasty and large bell pepper; noticeably sweeter than any other pepper we have trialed; even in the green stage, it is sweet and mild, but fully ripe and red, this peepper has flavor and richness that is really worth waiting for; big fruit 3 inches diameter; 60 days to green, 80 days to red maturity. Adaptation: U.S. 2001.

Sweet Havana (PSX88450) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Very early maturity (65 days), sweet frying pepper, ivory fruit color turns red at full maturity, fruit measure 164 long by 63 mm wide at shoulder. Similar: Cubanelle.

Sweet Pickle - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Characteristics: ornamental pepper, covered with dense clusters of 50 mm oval fruit, fruit color is yellow, orange, red and purple, thick-walled, sweet, 300 mm tall plant. 1997.

Sweet Salad - Breeder: E.M. Meader and A.F. Yeager. Vendor: Oscar Will Co. Parentage: Merrimack Wonder, Pennwonder, Large Red Cherry. Characteristics: Sweet, red, thick-walled, tomato-shaped fruit with little cavity about core and seeds, early maturing in the north. Similar: Avalon. New Hampshire Agric. Expt. Sta. Bulletin. No. 4401. 1957.

Sweet Spice - Breeder and vendor: Charter Seed Co. Characteristic: Midseason, thick flesh, sweet fruit. 1959.

Sweet Spot (PS 11996) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sweet banana, 202 x 51 mm fruit, light yellow to red, tapered, 2-3 lobed, good for processing. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: Banana Supreme. Adaptation: southeast and Northeast U.S.

Sweet Toro Hybrid - Vendor: Burpee. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: "bull's horn" type, 72 days to harvest, 23-25 cm long, 5-7 cm wide, tapered, green to red, thick flesh, sweet and tender. 1999.

Szentesi Semi-Hot - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Hungarian yellow wax type, medium pungent, pendant fruit, 110 mm long fruit, fruit ripens lime green, yellow, to orange, 60 days. 1997.

Tabasco - Breeder: McIlhenny Co. Vendor: Shepherd's Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: C. frutescens cultivar, yellow ripening to red fruit, 95 days, high pungency, unique, dry/hot smoky taste, erect fruit, 1000 mm tall plants, 35 x 8 mm fruit size. Similar: Greenleaf Tabasco. 1848.

TAM Mild Chile-2 - Breeder: B.Villalon, F.J.Dainello, W.N.Lipe, R.M.Taylor. Vendor: Foundation Seed Service, Texas AES. Parentage: Agronomico-8, Avelar, Anaheim TMR23, Cal-Compack 528. Characteristics: Open-pollinated New Mexican type, multipurpose chile for green and red uses. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus, Potato Virus Y. Adaptation: Texas, New Mexico, California. HortScience 21:1468. 1986.

TAM Mild Jalapeno-1 - Breeder: B.Villalon. Vendor: Foundation Seed Service, Texas AES. Parentage: USDA PI 342947, Avelar, Jalapeno L. Characteristics: Open-pollinated Vera-Cruz type jalapeno, mildly pungent, compact plant frame, tolerance to high temperature setting, suitable for mechanical harvesting. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Pepper Mottle Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Jalapeno M. Adaptation: general. HortScience 18:492-493. 1981.

Tambell-2 - Breeder: Ben Villalon. Vendor: Arco Seed Co. Parentage: Agronomico-8, Grande Rio 66, Keystone Resistant Giant No. 3. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, bell pepper, thick fleshed, 3-4 lobed, fruits dark green turning red at full maturity, fruit size 90 x 100 mm, PVP 8600028. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Y Virus, and Pepper Mottle Virus. Similar: Grande Rio 66. HortScience 21:328. 1986.

Tandil (E4946) - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green ripening to yellow, 140 x 90 mm fruit size, vigorous plant growth, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2, potato virus Y. Similar: Asimi. 1995.

Tangerine Dream - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Characteristics: ornamental type. Adaptation: U.S. 2002.

Taranto - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: early, highly productive, open plant habit, easy fruit setting, nice fruit shape and color. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 2. Adaptation: Mediterranean areas. Seed catalog. 1999.

Tasty (Hyb. 61-2) - Breeder and vendor: W.A. Burpee Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, sturdy plants bear very heavy crop, fruit slightly elongated, blocky three lobed, with thicker walls than other cultivars, medium dark green, turning scarlet. Similar: Merrimac Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1966.

Tears of Fire - Vendor: Park Seed. Characteristics: 65 days to harvest, vigorous plants bear thick fleshed fruit that rate about 30,000 Scovilles, peppers mature from dark green through chocolate brown to deep red. 1999.

Tenno - Vendor: Nunhems Specialties. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo fruit type, vigorous growth, mid-early cultivar, red at maturity. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (P0), potato virus Y (races 0 and 1). Adaptation: cultivation in open air and in greenhouses. 2000.

Tequila - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, lilac colored ripening to medium red bell pepper, elongated pod, strong open growing plant, very early, 3- to 4-lobed fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, blossom end rot. 1995.

Tequila Sunrise (PSX 1009) - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Park Seed. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, very small compact plants, medium green fruit matures to orange, fruit set up-right and showy; good ornamental that is also sweet and edible; fruit 127 x 25 mm, tapered. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Texabelle (ACX-828435) - Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb. Characteristics: Mid-early maturity, uniform, blocky mostly 4 lobed. Similar: California Wonder. 1983.

Thai Chilli - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: small Thai type, vigorous, extremely high pungency, green ripening to red, 57 x 9 mm fruit size. Adaptation: tropical and subtropical areas. 1996.

Thai Dragon (PS007090) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Prolific fruit set of very hot 88 mm thin walled peppers that dry quickly, used in oriental cooking. Similar: Red Chili. 1994.

Thai Hot - Vendor: Carolina Seeds. Characteristics: plants are very large, 500 mm tall, fruit grow upwards, and turn from green to red, extremely hot. 1999.

Thai Oriental - Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hot pepper. Adaptation: U.S. 2004.

Thai Variegated - Breeder: Michael Hennings. Vendor: Glasshouse Works. Characteristics: cone shaped pepper, cascading habit, forms wide umbrella of white and pink splashed foliage. 2000.

Thick Walled World Beater - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: World Beater and California Wonder. Characteristics: Intermediate between World Beater and California Wonder. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1952.

Tinker Bell (PSX9289) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Extremely early bell pepper, produces miniature fruit about 37 x 37 mm, very prolific on 406 mm high bush that spreads about 356 mm, 60 day maturity, produces red ripe fruit. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. 1991.

Tiral (008 541) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: long red, tapered, Marconi type, vigorous plant, good thickness and storability. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (PO, 1 and 2), potato virus Y. Adaptation: Caribbean. Similar: Giant Marconi. 1999.

Tirano (PS 337591) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: blocky, green to red bell pepper, excellent foliage cover. Resistance: potato virus Y, tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: Bell Boy. Adaptation: Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, Colombia. 1999.

Torito - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: slender, pointed fruit and very hot, 120 to 150 mm long, vigorous plant growth, dark green foliage. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). 1993.

Torreon (PS 16396) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, hot jalapeño, dark green, cylindrical fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race, pepper mottle, potato virus Y, tobacco etch virus. Similar: Mitla. Adaptation: Southwest U.S., Mexico.

Toscana - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: green ripening to red, thin walled, half long bell pepper, fruit 200 mm x 50 mm tapered, jointed, open plant habit, very good fruit set under lower night temperatures, non-pungent. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). Adaptation: Mediterranean areas. 1993.

Treasures Red - Vendor: Park Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: ornamental, 127 mm compact plant, produce deep green leaves, with upright fruit, that mature from white to red. Seed Catalog. 1987.

Truhart Perfection (Truhart) - Breeder: Georgia Agric. Expt. Sta. Parentage: Inbred Perfection. Characteristics: Thick fruit wall, heart shape, uniform. Similar: Perfection. Adaptation: Georgia. Georgia Expt. Sta. Bulletin 224. 1943.

Tula (PS204589) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: jalapeño, very pungent, large fruit size, concentrated heavy yields, green to red fruit. Resistance: potato virus Y. 1996.

Turino Sweet Pepper - Vendor: Nichols Garden Nursery. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 55 days to green harvest/75 days to red, sweet, thick-walled, deeply tapered fruit, measure 165 x 101 mm. 2000.

Tuxtla (PS 296) - Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: serrano type, larger fruit than standard serrano, 70 x 19 mm, very productive. Resistance: tobacco etch virus, potato virus Y, pepper mottle virus. Similar: Huasteco. Adaptation: Mexico.

Twist Sweet - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early, sets well under low temperatures, green ripening to red, 75 x 17 mm fruit size. 1996.

Ultra Set - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: apple-bell pepper, extra thick walls, medium green ripening to blood red, medium sized, 90 mm long fruit. 1997.

Uranus - Vendor: Known-You Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: large fruited bell pepper, pendant fruit, brilliant green ripening to red, tall, vigorous plants, thin, tender flesh, 150 x 70 mm fruit size. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). 1987.

USAJI5 - Breeder: A.A. Cook. Parentage: USDA PI 265281, a plant from Ecuador. Characteristics: Open- pollinated cayenne type, narrow leaves, slightly open plant growth habit, mature fruit red, fruit size 18 x 96 mm. Resistance: Tobacco Etch Virus, Potato Virus Y. HortScience 19:310. 1984.

Valencia - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green ripening to orange, bell pepper, 114 mm size fruit, matures in 72 days, medium-tall plant, good foliage cover. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. 1997.

Valley Giant (79-79) - Breeder and vendor: Goldsmith Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, market bell pepper, high-yielding, large, three- to four-lobed fruit on medium to large frame with excellent cover. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder 300. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Vanguard - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mid-season green to red bell pepper, 3- to 4-lobed, medium-large sized fruit, strong plant, good foliage cover, thick walled. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Similar: King Arthur, Northstar. 1998.

Vencedor (PS 11410055) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Ancho type for fresh market and drying; fruit size 16 x 9 cm, thick walls, medium to dark geen color at fresh stage ripening into red color, two locules and wide shoulders. Similar: Caballero. Adaptation: NAFTA - Mexico. 2004.

Ventura (VTR 212) - Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Co. Characteristics: poblano / mulato type; very good setting; medium-long (5/5 x 3/5" fruit; fruit are green to mulato and are generally two lobed with sunken calyx; 85-90 days to maturity. Adaptation: U.S. 2001.

Viceroy (P2R item 659) - Breeder: Clause Semences. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Lamuyo type bell pepper, green to red. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race. Adaptation: Mexico.

Vidi - Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Early production, excellent fruit quality, plant with short internodes, average vigor that keeps producing in difficult weather conditions, thick fleshy fruit, average weight over 200 g. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Potato Virus Y. Similar: Lamuyo and Cantarel. 1986.

Villano (HMX 1671) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark green, long, low anthocyanin, very pungent Jalapeno, for processing. Adaptation: U.S. 2003.

Vinedale - Breeder: Horticultural Expt. Sta., Vineland Sta., Ont., Canada. Parentage: Harris Early Giant and Sunnybrook. Characteristics: Early, productive, relatively small plant, good size fruit with thick walls. Similar: Harris Earliest. Adaptation: short seasons in the North. Report of Horticultural Expt. Sta. 1949-1950.

Vinette (P 63-36) - Breeder: Horticultural Res. Inst., Vine Station, Ont., Canada. Vendor: Stokes Seed. Parentage: Vinedale and unidentified selection. Characteristics: Early, productive, fruit borne upright, small compact plant, fruit three to four lobed, red, moderately blocky and medium thick walled. Similar: Vinedale. Adaptation: short season areas. 1968.

Volcano (FMX 879) - Breeder: N.Dragoescu. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: Taller plants than Hungarian Yellow Wax with good foliage protection, fruit borne pendant, slightly larger than Hungarian Yellow Wax, glossy yellow greenish red at maturity. Similar: Hungarian Yellow Wax. 1988.

Waialua - Breeder: K.Y.Takeda, J.S.Tanaka, T.T.Sekioka, R.A.Hamilton. Parentage: Chabai Merah, Keystone Resistant Giant. Characteristics: Open-pollinated, jalapeno type, pungent, 70 x 28 mm fruit size. Resistance: root knot nematode and bacterial wilt (P. solanacearum) when temperature is above 27C. HortScience 31:1054. 1996.

White Fire - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Characteristics: Hungarian yellow wax type, very pungent, creamy conical fruit, thick-walled, 90 mm long fruit, 62 days. 1997.

Whiteflame - Vendor: DeRuiter Seeds Inc. Characteristics: blocky, greenish white and maturing to red bell pepper, medium fruit size, normal jointed. 1993.

Wisconsin Lakes - Breeder: Wisconsin Agric. Expt. Sta., Madison. Parentage: Selection from Asgrow Wonder. Characteristics: Medium to small, very productive plant, medium-sized fruit with thick, red flesh, early maturing. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: regionally to the mid-western United States and especially northern areas and rich soils.

Wonder Belle (F1 hybrid no. 15) - Breeder and vendor: T. Sakata and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, larger than Vinedale, extra prolific, upright bearing, red fruited, extremely vigorous. Similar: Vinedale. Adaptation: short-seasoned locations, matures 61 to 63 days. Publisher: Fredonia Seed Co Catalog. 1963.

Wonder Giant - Breeder: Arco Seed Co. Vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: wide.

Wonder Hot - Vendor: Hungnong Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Asian hot type, vigorous, strong stem, dark green leaves, green ripening to red, pungent, 135 x 15 mm fruit size, early, pendant fruit. Resistance: Phytophthora capsici and tobacco mosaic virus race. 1996.

Wondergreen - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Chile, California Wonder, Oakview Wonder. Characteristics: Fruit, dark, glossy green; ripe fruit, rich deep red. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: same as California Wonder. 1957.

X3R Alladin (PSX235392) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Bacterial Leaf Spot I, II, III; Potato Virus Y. Similar: SS 860.

X3R Camelot - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds and Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bell pepper suitable for main and late season harvest, medium-large 3- to 4-lobed fruit, 110 x 100mm size, thick-walled, smaller than Camelot, upright plants with concentrated fruit set, maturity 75 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus, bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Similar: Camelot. 1997.

X3R Wizard - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mid-season green to red bell pepper that produces uniform large and extra large blocky dark green fruit with thick walls. Resistance: bacterial leaf spot races 1, 2 and 3. Adaptation: wide. The Grower, Nov. 1997.

Yanka - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very vigorous plants, with an open growing habit, excellent fruit set, even under difficult circumstances, suitable for winter production, long slender fruit are white and turn red at maturity. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). Seed catalog. 1999.

Yankee Bell - Vendor: Johnny's Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: blocky, green ripening to red bell pepper, 3- to 4-lobed, medium sized fruit, strongly branched plants, good foliage cover, thick wall, 60 days. 1997.

Yellow Belle - Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: very early bell pepper, 65 days, 80 x 90 mm fruit size, 3- to 4-lobed, medium green ripens to golden yellow then red. 1997.

Yellow Cayenne Hybrid - Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. Characteristics: Pungent "goat's horn" type, fruit 200 mm long and 20 mm wide, plant 700 mm high, fruit yellowish green to rosy yellow to dark red, 70 days. 1997.

Yellow Fame - Vendor: Johnny's. Characteristics: bell pepper type, 90 days yellow ripe, medium size, thick-walled, 3-4 lobed, blocky fruit, sweet taste. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0). 2000.

Yellow Sweet Long - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: Long fruited sweet pepper for market and canning. Similar: Sweet Yellow. Adaptation: general. 1963.

Yolo Wonder - Breeder and vendor: Campbell Soup Co. Parentage: California Wonder and Elephant Trunk. Characteristics: Pendant fruiting habit, compact plant, dense foliage. Resistance: Common Strain Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Adaptation: general. Seed World 1 Feb. 1952.

Yolo Wonder 43 - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: Plants upright with dark-green foliage; fruit blocky, medium green, 95 to 114 mm, thick fleshed, pendant, generally more uniform than original Yolo Wonder, about maturity 78 days. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder. Adaptation: wide. 1964.

Yolo Wonder A - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Uniformly blocky fruit, high percentage of four-lobed. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: California Wonder. Your Crops, Vol. 4, Summer 1956.

Yolo Wonder Improved B - Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: An Improved Yolo Wonder type. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder. Adaptation: general. 1963.

Yolo Wonder L - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: Yolo Wonder. Characteristics: like Yolo Wonder, with larger fruit and a more upright plant. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder. Asgrow, Your Crops, Vol. 7, winter 1959.

Yolo Y (YRP-10) - Breeder: Florida Agric. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Florida Foundation Seed Producers. Resistance: Potato Virus Y and Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Similar: Yolo Wonder. Adaptation: same as Yolo Wonder. Florida Agric. Expt. Sta. Circular S-175. 1966.

Zafiro - Vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: short-jointed cultivar gives regular growth and high total yields, good fruit setting, thick-walled, good for green and red harvest. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race (Tm0), bitter pit. Seed catalog. 1999.

Zerto - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: Lamuyo fruit type, early cultivar turns red on ripening. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus race PO. 1990.

Zico - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems Zaden. Characteristics: California Wonder fruit type, medium early, turns red on ripening. Resistance: Tobacco Mosaic Virus and Potato Virus Y. 1990.

Zippy Hybrid - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, mild-flavored hot pepper with long, narrow fruit, green turning red. Similar: Cayenne. Adaptation: wide. 1982.

Zorro - Vendor: Enza Zaden B.V. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blocky, purple bell pepper, long, open plant habit, early. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus race 0, 1 and 2. Similar: Mavras. 1995.

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