Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America
Rutabega, Lists 1-26 Combined
Edited by Irwin Goldman
Department of Horticulture
University of Wisconsin
Madison, WI 53706
Acadia (Acadia Swede) - Breeder: Division of Forage Plant, Expt.
Farm, Ottawa, Canada. Parentage: Danish Bangholm in 1914, by mass
selection for high yield, type, and color. Characteristics: top
growth large, neck relatively thick, roots mostly globular, frequently
course in appearance, mostly purple above ground, occasionally
bronze topped, high yielder. Similar: Bangholm. Adaptation: wide.
Canada Department Agric. Pnb. 672. 1948.
American Purple Top - Characteristics: tender yellow flesh, purple
crown and shoulders, large globe shape, good flavor.
Bristol White - Breeder: University of Massachusetts, Waltham
Field Station, Waltham. Vendor: Boston Market Gardeners Association.
Parentage: Selected mutation from local yellow rutabaga strain.
Characteristics: smooth root, uniform, with a white shoulder.
Adaptation: southeastern Massachusetts. Massachusetts Bul. 428.
Colbaga (NH W62 "rutabaga") - Breeder: New Hampshire Agric. Expt.
Sta., Durham. Vendor: Farmer Seed and Nursery Co. Parentage: Colchicine-treated
sterile F1 (Chinese Cabbage x Red Cabbage) x Yellow fleshed rutabaga.
Characteristics: new root vegetable and true breeding cultivar,
sweet, crisp white flesh; used raw for salads and cooked like
turnip; strong neckless tops have red petioles, roots red below
soil line. Adaptation: all northern areas.
Laurentian - Characteristics: globe shape, yellow flesh, sweet
flavor, deep purple crown.
Marian - Characteristics: yellow flesh, purple top roots, short
wide leaves, good flavor and storability, clubroot resistance,
Pike - Vendor: Johnny's. Characteristics: purple top, good frost
tolerance, yellow flesh, storage quality. Similar: Laurentian.
Sioux - Breeder and vendor: Herbert J. Ziehlsdorff, Washburn,
Wisconsin, and Garden Meadows, Madison, Wisconsin. Parentage:
inbred line. Characteristics: highly colored, light reddish-purple
above soil, yellow interior, very sweet. Resistance: blight. Similar:
American Purple Top. Adaptation: northern United States. 1965.
Strafford - Breeder and vendor: New Hampshire Agric. Expt. Sta.,
Durham. Parentage: undisclosed cross. Characteristics: round with
purple blush, outstanding quality. Similar: Bristol white. Adaptation:
cool growing areas. 1960.
Wilhelmsburger (Nappan Swede) - Breeder: Division of Forage Plants,
Dom. Expt. Farm, Nappan, N.S., Canada. Parentage: out of Wilhelmsburger
Hartmann (1935). Characteristics: top medium large, green leaves
often reddish tinged, neck medium coarse. Resistance: club root.
Similar: Green Top Swedish. Adaptation: areas where club root
is prevalent. Canada Department Agric. Pub. 672.
York - Characteristics: sweet pale yellow flesh, clubroot resistant
version of Laurentian, purple crown, top growth heavier than Laurentian.
Resistance: club root.