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Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America

Watermelon (M-Z), Lists 1-26 Combined

Edited by Gary W. Elmstrom

SunSeeds Co.
7087 East Peltier Road
Acampo, CA 95220

and Fred McCuistion

Seminis Vegetable Seeds
432 Ty Ty Omega Road
Tifton, GA 31794

Madera (XPH 960) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, several days earlier than Crimson Sweet. Resistance: fusarium wilt (some strains) and anthracnose (race 1). Similar: Crimson Sweet. 1981.

Majestic (XP 4510759) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: triploid F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seedless Tri-X-313 type; oblong blocky shaped fruit are medium-large, 6-8 kg. range; fruit set is good and flesh color is dark red; stripes are wide, dark green on light green; mid season maturity. Similar: Tri-X-313, A&C 5244. Adaptation: United States, Mexico, Central America. 2003.

Mardela Ice Box - Breeder: farmer who found it growing in Mardela, Md. Vendor: Otis S. Twilley, Salisbury, Md. Parentage: unknown. Similar: Early Arizona, but seems darker green. Adaptation: wide. 1954.

Mardi Gras (RWM 121) - Breeder: T. Williams. Vendor: Rogers Seed. Characteristics: hybrid Allsweet type, few misshapen fruit, wide adaptability, high yield, 20-25 lb fruit weight, matures in 86-90 days, like Sangria. Resistance: anthracnose, fusarium wilt. Similar: Allsweet. 1997.

Market Midget - Breeder and vendor: New Hampshire Agr. Expt. Sta., Durham. Parentage: New Hampshire Midget x Winter Queen. Characteristics: early maturity; tough, leathery, thin rind of apple green color; white near stem; firm, sweet, bright-red flesh; relatively few small black seeds; can be stored several weeks and shipped. Adaptation: wide. N.H. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. No. 440. 1960.

Matador (13786) - Breeder: Manuel Rosa. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seeded, late season, large fruit, wide stripes, vigorous vines, excellent yields. Similar: Sangria. Adaptation: U.S. and Mexico. 1999.

Mercedes (SSC 9490) - Breeder: Hollar Seed Co. Vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Resistance: some races of anthracnose and fusarium wilt. Similar: Sangria. Adaptation: All watermelon production regions. 2000.

Merrimack Sweetheart (Colebrook, Sweet Sugar, Yankee Queen) - Breeder: Dept. of Hort., Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Merrimack Farmer's Exchange. Parentage: selected from Japanese cultivar for local adaptation. Characteristics: earliness, adaptation to cooler weather conditions and high quality. Adaptation: regional to northern New England. 1935.

Mickylee (S83NW) - Breeder: Agric. Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Leesburg. Vendor: Hollar Seed Company, Petoseed Co. Parentage: Texas W5, Fairfax, Summit, and Graybelle. Characteristics: small, round 8-12 lb fruit with a rind pattern similar to that of Charleston Gray, very firm dark red flesh with a tough rind and small seeds. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose race 1. PVP. 1986

Miles - Breeder: Univ. of Tennessee, Jackson. Vendor: Associated Seed Growers. Parentage: Dixie Queen x Klondike R-7. Characteristics: small white seed, very high sugar content, oblong, small 20 to 25 pounds. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: regionally, for home use in the southern United States. Tenn. Agr. Expt. Sta. Circ. 103. 1948.

Millennium (HMS7928) - Breeder: Bob Schroeder. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very dark rind pattern, dark red flesh. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose. Similar: Tri-X-Shadow. Adaptation: California, Southeast US, Midwest, Atlantic Shore. 1999.

Millionaire (HMX 7924) - Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: triploid seedless hybrid, very prolific, similar in appearance to Tri-X-313, firm flesh, small seeds. 1992.

Minilee (F82NC) - Breeder: Agric. Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Leesburg. Vendor: Hollar and Co., Petoseed. Parentage: Texas W5, Fairfax, Summit, and Graybelle. Characteristics: small, round 5-8 lb fruit with a rind pattern similar to that of Charleston Gray, firm red flesh with a tough, thin rind and very small seeds. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose race 1. PVP. 1986.

Mirage (XP 766) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Crimson Sweet type, but more uniform and productive. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Crimson Sweet and Jubilee. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Missouri Queen - Breeder: Missouri Agr. Expt. Sta., Columbia. Parentage: selection from Dixie Queen. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Dixie Queen. Adaptation: same as Dixie Queen. Mo. Bul. No.502. 1948.

Monte Cristo (Kleckley Sweet) - Breeder: W.A. Kleckley, Alabama. Vendor: Robert Buist Co. Parentage: possibly Boss x Arkansas Traveler. Characteristics: thin, glossy, dark green rind, large white seeds, medium-red flesh, oblong fruit, 25-40 lb., 85 days to harvest; always popular and a favorite with all; excellent for home use and nearby markets; rind thin and brittle; flesh juicy and very sweet. 1887.

Montreal (SXW 5023) - Breeder: Gary Elmstrom. Vendor: Sunseeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seeded diploid watermelon; oblong fruit with wide dark green stripes on a light green background; high sugar content, good flesh color. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Allsweet. Adaptation: California, Texas, Florida. 2000.

Moon and Stars (Sun, Moon and Stars) - Breeder and vendor: Peter Henderson and Co. Parentage: inbred line. Characteristics: elongate fruit; dark green rind with bright yellow spots on it due to the Sp Sp genotype; yellow spots on fruit range in size from tiny to several inches across; leaves also have yellow spots; sweet, red flesh; thick rind; brown seeds with black speckles; 95 days to maturity. Adaptation: U.S. 1926.

Mountain Sweet - Vendor: Robert Buist Co. Characteristics: 90 days to harvest; for home and local markets; fruit large, 25 lb.; oblong, dark green; with sweet juicy, light crimson flesh; seeds brown.

New Hampshire Midget - Breeder: Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Parentage: Favorite Honey x Dakota Sweet. Similar: Favorite Honey. Characteristics: oval, gray skin, red flesh, black seed, high quality, very early, productive, thin rind. Adaptation: wide regional. N.H. Bul. 380. 1951.

Northern Sweet - Breeder: Minnesota Agr. Exp. Sta. Parentage: selection from Russian cultivar. Characteristics: early, round fruit, 10-12 lb. size, medium green rind with wide stripes, red-orange flesh. 1932.

Nova - Breeder and vendor: Sakata. Characteristics: triploid seedless hybrid, fruit weigh 10-13 lb. 1990.

Oasis (NCX 1553) - Breeder and vendor: Moran Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, striped rind with intense red flesh color; fruit measures 16 by 9 inches and weighs 24 pounds. Resistance: fusarium, anthracnose (races 1 and 3). Similar: Dixielee. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Olympia (PS 11005031) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: triploid F1 hybrid. Characteristics: new seedless type, oval-blocky shape, better internal and external quality, rind has a dark green stripe on a medium green background, bright red flesh, mid season maturity, 18-20 lbs fruit, seedlings should be transplanted. Similar: Millionaire. Adaptation: North America, Mexico. 2002.

Omega (PS 3981428) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 triploid hybrid. Characteristics: seedless hybrid; typical Allsweet stripe (dark green stripe on light green background), 18-20 lb. size fruit, very bright red flesh, mid-season maturity. Adaptation: North America. 2001.

Orton - Breeder: Florida. Parentage: Iowa Belle x unknown male parent. 1950.

Park's Seedless Sweety (PSR 10076) - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Park Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, small vine; round, medium dark-green fruit; rich, red, crisp flesh that is seedless; fruit weight about 8 to 10 pounds. Resistance: none claimed. 1979.

Park's Whopper (PSR 175) - Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Park Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, medium-vigorous vine, round dark-green rind, bright-red flesh with small mottled seed. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Sugar Doll. 1979.

Peacock - Breeder: G. Stratis, Brawley, CA. Parentage: selection from Klondike. Characteristics: oval fruit, 20-25 lb., dark green rind, sweet red flesh. 1939.

Peacock Special Shipper - Breeder: R. Peacock. Parentage: chance cross of Klondike. Characteristics: smooth, dark green rind, crisp, red flesh, 20-25 lb. 1935.

Peacock WR 50 - Breeder: Mr. Layton, California. Parentage: Klondike R7 x Peacock. Characteristics: tough thin rind, dark green with faint dark stripes, 15 x 10 inch size, 20-25 lb., sweet bright red flesh. Resistance: tolerant to fusarium wilt. 1955.

Peacock WR 124 - Breeder: Mr. Layton, California. Parentage: California Klondike 3 x Peacock x Klondike R7. 1959.

Perola (XP 2008) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, small to medium sized uniform fruit; excellent eating quality. Resistance: none claimed. Similar: Charleston Gray (color) and Crimson Sweet (shape and maturity). PVP Certificate No. 800143. 1980.

Petite Sweet (Kansas 68-20) - Breeder: Charles V. Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan. Parentage: Crimson Sweet and New Hampshire Midget. Characteristics: rind pattern similar to Crimson Sweet; fruit shape is blocky round, fruit weigh 5-10 lb; flesh color is bright pinkish red and seeds are few and small. Resistance: fusarium wilt, anthracnose races 1 and 3. 1970.

Picnic (XP 618) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Peacock type with more uniform flesh quality. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Improved Peacock. Adaptation: western United States and similar areas. 1972.

Premiere (SSC460057) - Breeder: Colorado Seeds. Vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 82-85 day maturity; round to slightly oblong fruit; 12-24 lb. average weight; sweet, red, firm flesh; medium-dark green stripes and light green background; produces hardy vines, high yields. Similar: Tri-X-313. 1999.

Prince Charles (PSX 573) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, earlier maturing and larger fruited than Charleston Gray with stronger fusarium wilt resistance. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: wide. 1978.

Purdue Hawkesbury - Breeder: Dept. of Hort., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, Ind. Vendor: Agr. Alumni Seed Assn. Parentage: inbred selection from Iowa Hawkesbury or Irish Gray. Similar: Hawkesbury or Irish Gray. Characteristics: long and sloping toward either end, earlier, rind more uniform thickness, flesh redder, quality better than Iowa Hawkesbury. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: regional to the sand areas of southwestern and central Indiana. 1949.

Quetzali (RXW 113) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: Icebox type with Crimson Sweet striped rind; globe shaped with bright red firm flesh. Resistance: anthracnose race 1; tolerance to downy mildew. Similar: Mickylee. PVP. 1965.

Rebel Queen (FMX 4) - Breeder: H.Sakamoto. Vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: high yields with good, vigorous vines, rind is gray-green with narrow black-green stripes, flesh is reddish pink and firm, a high quality shipping type melon. Similar: Crimson Sweet and Jubilee. 1982.

Red Charm - Breeder and vendor: Sakata. Characteristics: Icebox type watermelon. Similar: Red Cutie. 1993.

Red Heart (Tri-X-333) - Breeder: American Seedless Watermelon Seed Corp., Goshen, Ind. Parentage: diploid selected from Charleston Gray; tetraploid induced by colchicine. Characteristics: F1 triploid hybrid, fruit seedless, firm, high sugar, deep red; satisfactory shipping quality. Resistance: anthracnose, fusarium wilt and blossom end rot. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: southern and central United States. Amer. Seedless Watermelon Seed Corp. 21 Nov. 1962.

Red-N-Sweet - Breeder: Calhoun Research Station, Louisiana State University, Calhoun. Vendor: Hollar. Parentage: Calhoun Gray, Summit, Calhoun Sweet, Louisiana Queen, and plants from irradiated seeds of Calhoun Gray. Characteristics: round-oblong fruit with Jubilee stripes and intense red flesh color, seeds are black and the rind is thin. Resistance: fusarium wilt and anthracnose. 1987.

Rhode Island Red - Breeder: Rhode Island Agr. Expt. Sta., Kingston. Vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Parentage: Dixie Queen x Honey Cream, selfed eight generations. Similar: Dixie Queen. Characteristics: early maturity (89 days), tough rind, red flesh, dark brown seeds. Seed World 71:16-18. 1952.

Riviera (015 208) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Crimson Sweet type, more round shape, quite early, fruit weight approximately 5-7 kg. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose. Similar: Crimson Sweet. Adaptation: Caribbean. 1997.

Royal Charleston - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, 20 to 25 pound oblong melon with light-green skin, thick flesh, small seed size. Resistance: fusarium wilt, anthracnose, and mildew. Similar: Summer Festival. Adaptation: general. Petoseed Catalog 1973.

Royal Flush (PSX 10992) - Breeder: F.Campara. Vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large fruited with deep red flesh color, matures in main season, fruit weigh 18-22 lb, oblong fruit shape. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 0. Similar: Royal Majesty and Sangria. 1995.

Royal Majesty (PSX 65688) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Allsweet type, elongated fruit shape with medium green thin stripes, excellent production. Resistance: fusarium wilt. 1990.

Royal Red - see Tri-X-313.

Sabrina (XPH 5541) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large Sugar Baby type fruit with faint stripes, fruit approximately 10 lb, dark blue-green rind with red flesh. Similar: Sugar Baby. 1991.

Samba (SSC 31782) - Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: F1 triploid hybrid. Characteristics: a very productive seedless cultivar with impressive fruit uniformity; develops very strong vines; high yields of oval-round, large sized fruit with a dark striping pattern; appealing firm, red flesh with high sugars; thrives under a wide range of growing conditions; 75-85 days to maturity. Similar: Tri-X-313. Adaptation: all watermelon growing regions. 2001.

Samos - Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Characteristics: medium early, large, oval fruit with dark green rind color, fruit weigh 11-13 kg, handles well and has tasty fruit with small seeds, solid, sweet flesh. 1991.

Sangria (NVH 4262) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, elongated dark-green fruit 23 lb with a light stripe and small, black seeds; matures in about 87 days. Resistance: fusarium wilt; tolerant of anthracnose. Similar: Allsweet and Calsweet. Adaptation: wide. 1985.

Santa Amalia (35422) - Breeder: Manuel Rosas. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Royal Sweet type with Crimson Sweet stripes, oblong, 20-27 lb., strong plant vigor. Similar: no cultivar like it. Adaptation: South America. 1999.

Scarlet Klondike - Breeder: Duke V. Layton, Hemet, Calif. Vendor: McCrea Seed Co. Parentage: selection from Klondike Brown Seed inbred and selected for four generations. Characteristics: intense red color of the flesh similar to Peacock but sweeter. Similar: Klondike Brown Seeded. Adaptation: Pacific coast of the United States, principally southern California. Resistance: none claimed. 1950.

Scarlet Trio (NVH 4295) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: triploid seedless hybrid, round fruit, Jubilee rind pattern. Resistance: fusarium wilt and anthracnose race 1. 1989.

Schochler - Vendor: Robert Buist Co. Characteristics: 90 days to harvest; a very large melon used extensively in the South, having outstanding shipping requisites for size, tough rind and quality; fruit very long, 40 to 50 lb., rich dark green with faint stripe; flesh bright crimson, fine grained and very sugary.

Seedless Sangria - Breeder: T. Williams. Vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Parentage: triploid seedless F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red fleshed; Allsweet rind pattern; fruit weight 16-20 lb.; semi-elongate shape. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 0, 1; anthracnose race 1. Similar: Revolution. 2001.

Sentinel (PS 36694) - Breeder: Jose Gomez. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Royal Sweet type, Crimson Sweet stripe, oblong, 20-27 lb., strong plant vigor, excellent red flesh color. Similar: Royal Sweet. Adaptation: U.S. and Australia. 1998.

Seville (HSR 606) - Breeder and vendor: Hollar Seed Company, Larry Hollar. Characteristics: long, dark fruit resembling Congo but with small brown seeds and red flesh. Similar: Congo. 1992.

Shipper - Breeder: Mississippi Agr. Expt. Sta. Vendor: Simpson Nurseries. Parentage: Dixie Queen, Klondike 7, Leesburg, Blacklee. Characteristics: high quality, compact fruit of good shipping quality. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Florida Giant. Adaptation: wide. J. Hered. 52, 1961. 1960.

Small Seeded Dixielee - Breeder: Crall et al., Leesburg, Florida. Parentage: Fairfax, Summit, Charleston Gray, Texas W5, Crimson Sweet, W.R. Graybelle. Characteristics: round-oval fruit, light green rind with narrow dark stripes, 10-15 lb., fine textured flesh, dark, red flesh, few small black seeds, high sugar content. 1995.

Smile - Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: icebox type, with resistance to fruit cracking and tough rind for shipping; fruit have crisp textured, sweet, dark red flesh, black seeds; fruit are round with narrow dark stripe on light background; 6 to 8 lb fruit; 38 to 40 day maturity; fruit keep 12 days after harvest. Adaptation: home garden and commercial fresh market. 2000.

Smokylee (D7-4 and F68-1) - Breeder: Agric. Research Center, University of Florida, Leesburg. Parentage: Texas W5 x Charleston Gray. Characteristics: elongated, dark green fruit with indistinctly outlined leaf patterns of lighter green color which give it a smokey appearance, fruit weigh 22-26 lb and have a very fine quality pink red flesh. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose race 1. 1971.

Southern Belle (FMX 9) - Breeder: H.Sakamoto. Vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: flesh qualities outstanding; firm, deep red, and sweet with solid black-green rind. Similar: Peacock W.R. 60. 1982.

Spalding - Breeder and vendor: Georgia Agr. Expt. Sta. Parentage: (Georgia Fusarium Wilt Resistant x Congo) x Georgia Strain 360 (Stone Mountain, Iowa Belle, Giza, Klondike 7, Icebox). Characteristics: small, round, dark-green fruit; averages 15 pounds; sweet, tough rind. Resistance: fusarium wilt, anthracnose, and sunburn. Adaptation: wide. Ga. Agr. Expt. Sta. Leaflet No. 20. 1959.

Starbrite (XPH 6004) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large, elongated, blocky, striped watermelon, flesh red, firm, and sweet. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Crimson Sweet. 1990.

StarGazer (XPH 6189) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: diploid F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 24-26 lb fruit; Allsweet type fruit with wide dark stripe on light green background and elongate shape; bright red flesh; high yield; uniformly shaped fruit; 85 days to harvest; dark colored, medium size seeds. Resistance: Anthracnose race 1, Fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Allsweet. Adaptation: U.S.

Stars'n'Stripes - Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: diploid F1 hybrid. Characteristics: 22-31 lb fruit; wide dark stripe on light green background and elongate shape; uniform red flesh that is firm and very sweet; high yield; thick durable rind for shipping; 85 days to harvest; medium size black seeds. Resistance: Anthracnose race 1, Fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Allsweet. Adaptation: U.S.

Stone Mountain (Dixie Belle) - Breeder: H.G. Hastings, Atlanta, Georgia. Characteristics: thick, tough, dark green rind, 17 x 14 inches, 35-40 lb., red, sweet flesh. 1924.

Stone Mountain No. 5 - Breeder: Iowa State College., Ames. Vendor: Iowa Melon Growers Assn. Parentage: Stone Mountain (Stone Mountain x Iowa Belle). Similar: Stone Mountain. Characteristics: Stone Mountain type with dark-green netting on a gray-green undercoat. Resistance: watermelon fusarium wilt. Adaptation: midwestern United States. Iowa Agr. Expt. Sta. Rpt. 1936.

Sugar Baby (Tough Sweets) - Breeder: M. Hardin, Geary, Okla. Vendor: Woodside Seed Co. Parentage: Tough Sweets selection, inbred 13 years. Similar: Tough Sweets. Characteristics: early; good quality; round; 8 to 12 pounds; hard rind shipping icebox type; immature melons green striped turning dark green when ripe. Resistance: drought. Adaptation: wide. Seed World. 4 March 1955.

Sugar Belle (XPH 4072) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, round shape, dark green, with faint light green stripes, weighs 10-12 lb, fine eating quality for its type. Good yield. Similar: Panonia, Sugar Baby. 1987.

Sugar Bush - Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Parentage: Bush Desert King and unknown parentage. Characteristics: open pollinated, bright scarlet Icebox fruit; short internode plants that need only 6 square feet of space. Similar: Kengarden. Adaptation: northeastern and southern United States and the western coast of the United States. PVP certificate no. 7600072. 1977.

Sugar Doll (Hybrid Sugar Baby) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, round, dark green, medium sized fruit (8 x 8 inches), bright-red flesh; small brown seeds, medium size vine; maturity about 78 days. Similar: Sugar Baby. Adaptation: wide. 1975.

Sugarama (NVH 4264) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early Crimson Sweet type fruit (averages 16 pounds). Similar: Crimson Sweet. Adaptation: wide. 1984.

Sugarlee (Florida 77-2) - Breeder: Agric. Research Center, University of Florida, Leesburg. Parentage: Texas W5, Summit, Charleston Gray, Fairfax, Crimson Sweet, and Graybelle. Characteristics: round fruit with Jubilee stripes which weigh 15-18 lb, it is exceptionally early and has a high soluble solids content; hard, tough rind is suited for shipping. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose race 1. 1981.

Sultan (HMX 5911) - Breeder: R.Schroeder. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Characteristics: half long and striped, high quality, excellent flesh color, large and vigorous vine. Resistance: tolerance to fusarium wilt and anthracnose. Similar: Royal Sweet, Mirage. 1991.

Summer Festival (F1 Hybrid No. 103) - Breeder: T. Sakata and Co., Yokohama, Japan. Vendor: Herbst Bros. Seedsmen, New York. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit oblong, medium green, rind about two-thirds inches thick, flesh deep rose, firm and sweet; vines vigorous, heavy yielder, particularly in early stages. Resistance: anthracnose and slightly to fusarium wilt. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: mid- and southern United States. 1962.

Summerfield (60-27) - Breeder: U.S. Vegetable Breeding Laboratory, Charleston, S.C. Parentage: Fairfax x Blackstone. Characteristics: extra large slightly round fruit. Similar: Florida Giant. Resistance: fusarium wilt and race 1 anthracnose. 1969.

Summit - Breeder: Mr. Taylor, Louisiana. Parentage: Calhoun Sweet x Black Diamond. Characteristics: large round fruit with tough, dark green-black rind, flesh red, black mottled seeds. Resistance: fusarium wilt (high level of resistance). 1957.

Sun Gold (NCX 1558) - Breeder and vendor: Moran. Characteristics: globe shaped, striped fruit with yellow flesh, fruit average 24 x 23 cm with an average rind thickness of 13 mm. Resistance: fusarium wilt and anthracnose race 1. Similar: Yellow Baby. PVP. 1983.

Sun, Moon and Stars (Moon and Stars) - Parentage: inbred line. Characteristics: elongate fruit; dark green rind with bright yellow spots on it due to the Sp Sp genotype; yellow spots on fruit range in size from tiny to several inches across; leaves also have yellow spots; sweet, red flesh; thick rind; brown seeds with black speckles; 95 days to maturity. Adaptation: U.S.

Sundance (XPH 957) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, very early, round with rind color between Crimson Sweet and Chilean Black; for early harvest needs in southeastern United States. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Crimson Sweet. Adaptation: southeastern United States. 1985.

Sunshade (XP 241) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated; Charleston Gray fruit type with broad leaf blades to provide maximum protection from sunscald. Resistance: fusarium wilt (race 1). Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: wide. PVP Certificate No. 760027. 1977.

Sunsplash (25453) - Breeder: Manuel Rosas. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seedless yellow-flesh round with thick rind, exterior color , narrow dark-green stripes on light green background, medium-large sizes. Similar: Honeyheart. Adaptation: U.S. Southeast Asia. 2000.

Sunsweet (NV 4301) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: open pollinated; early striped Allsweet type; with semi-elongate fruit (18 to 24 pounds); medium-size dark-brown seeds; high in sugar. Resistance: fusarium wilt; tolerant to anthracnose. Similar: Allsweet and Calsweet. Adaptation: wide. PVP Certificate No. 860061. 1984.

Super Sweet (Kansas 68-12) - Breeder: Charles V. Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan. Parentage: Miles, Peacock and Charleston Gray. Characteristics: external rind color is similar to Crimson Sweet but fruit are more spherical and are slightly grooved, fruit weigh 12-18 lb, mature 5-10 days later than Crimson Sweet, and have a tough rind and firm, pinkish red flesh; excellent flavor, texture. Resistance: fusarium wilt, anthracnose race 1 and 3. Adaptation: southern and eastern United States. Seed World Jan. 1970.

Superior Black Diamond (Black Diamond, Yellow Belly) - Breeder and vendor: William A. Watson's Sons, Thomson, Ga. Parentage: segregation within Cannonball or Black Diamond. Characteristics: very dark-green rind with yellow underside, very prolific, rich red meat, excellent texture. Similar: Cannonball or Black Diamond. 1949.

Sweet Baby (PSR 7975) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, 75 days to maturity, fruit rounded, 10 to 14 pounds, dark green with red flesh, medium rind, seed medium size and mottled, vine vigorous and medium size. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Sugar Baby. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Sweet Charlie (NVH 4254) - Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, oblong Charleston Gray-type for long-distance shipping; matures 2 or 3 days earlier than Charleston Gray and produces fruit averaging 25 pounds. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: wide. 1984.

Sweet Princess (NC 62-C2M) - Breeder: North Carolina Agr. Expt. Sta., Raleigh. Vendor: North Carolina Foundation Seed Producers. Parentage: small-seeded Congo type x Charleston Gray. Characteristics: fruit oblong 21 to 27 pounds, rind light green with darker green stripes; attractive solid red flesh, crisp, very sweet and fine textured with unusually small tan seeds; excellent shipper. Resistance: anthracnose races 1 and 3 and fusarium wilt. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: wide. N.C. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. 431, 1967.

Sweet Sugar - see Merrimack Sweetheart.

Sweetheart - Breeder: Mr. Wittenmeyer, southern Indiana. Vendor: D.M. Ferry. 1890.

Sweetmeat (1-13-4) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, medium green, thin rind, oval, sweet red flesh, small brown seed. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: general. New Seeds for the World. 1968.

Sweetmeat II W.R. (PSX 5874) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, oblong, large (averages 25 pounds) blocky fruit, dark-green stripes over medium-green skin; crimson flesh, small brown seeds. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Hybrid Sweetmeat. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Tatum (XP 940) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit color of Crimson Sweet with darker stripes; shape similar to Chilean Black. Resistance: none claimed. Similar: Oriental type. 1980.

Tetra No. 2 (W1002) - Breeder: USDA Veg. Breeding Laboratory, Charleston, S.C. Parentage: (Charleston Gray type x Sugar Baby) x Sugar Baby. Characteristics: autotetraploid, extra hard rind, and firm flesh, few seeds.

The Dixie - Vendor: Robert Buist Co. Characteristics: 85 days to harvest; a splendid shipper; prolific, with fruit large, 25 lb., oblong, very dark green with lighter green stripes; rind thin but strong; flesh scarlet and sweet; seeds black.

Thurmond Gray - Breeder: Mr. Thurmond, Perry, Georgia. Vendor: Robert Buist Co. Characteristics: large elongated fruit with light green mottled rind, large seeds, pink flesh; 90 days to harvest; shipping cultivar similar to Irish Gray, but having fruit much larger; fruit 30 to 40 lb., cylindrical, grayish-green with faint veining; rock hard rind; flesh crisp and sweet. 1923.

Tiffany (XPH 9039) - Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: triploid seedless hybrid, round, striped fruit weigh as much as 20 lb, flesh color is uniform red and solid. Similar: small Crimson Sweet. 1990.

Tom Watson - Breeder: Alexander Seed Co. Vendor: Robert Buist Co. Characteristics: elongate shaped fruit, 25-40 lb., thin tough rind, dark green with dark veining; flesh sweet, firm, crisp, coarse, red; large brown seeds spotted with white; shipping melon. 1906.

Tough Sweets - see Sugar Baby.

Tribute (PX 5696) - Breeder: Manuel Rosas. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seedless, round fruit, striped with medium to large fruit. Similar Tri-X-313. Adaptation: U.S. and Mexico. 1999.

Trident (PX 58596) - Breeder: Manuel Rosas. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seedless round fruit, striped, medium to large fruit, deep red flesh and high sugars, early. Similar: Tri-X-313. Adaptation: U.S. and Mexico. 1999.

Triton (PS 37794) - Breeder: Jose Gomez. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seedless, round, striped, medium-large, yellow flesh. Similar: Honey Heart. Adaptation: U.S. and Asia. 1998.

Tri-X-313 (Royal Red) - Breeder: American Seedless Watermelon Seed Corp., Goshen, Ind. Parentage: diploid parent selected from Congo; tetraploid induced by colchicine. Characteristics: F1 triploid hybrid; fruits seedless, red flesh, firm, high sugar content; good shipper. Resistance: anthracnose and blossom end rot, tolerant to fusarium wilt. Adaptation: southern United States and watermelon areas. Amer. Seedless Watermelon Seed Corp. 21 Nov. 1962.

Tri-X-333 - see Red Heart.

Tycoon (HMX7932) - Breeder: R.Schroeder. Vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Characteristics: triploid seedless hybrid, early maturing, round, striped, and weighs 10-12 lb. Similar: Jack of Hearts. 1991.

Vampiro (SSC 31790 & SSC 1428) - Breeder: Sutter Seeds. Vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid; synonym Verde Grande. Characteristics: diploid hybrid; blocky-oblong fruit with a solid, dark green rind and red flesh; high yield of fruit weighing 20 lbs.; widely adapted; high quality fruit; 80 days to maturity. Similar: Peacock. Adaptation: U.S. watermelon areas. 2004.

Verona (Verona 75) - Breeder and vendor: Mississippi State Univ., State College. Parentage: three-way cross involving Shipper, Black-stone, and Charleston Gray. Characteristics: outstanding shipping and keeping qualities; fruit attractive dark green, nearly round, sweet, tender, and crisp. Similar: Shipper and Florida Giant. Resistance: fusarium and anthracnose. Adaptation: general. 1965.

White Mountain - Breeder: Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Hepler Seed Co. Parentage: Favorite Honey x Dakota Sweet. Characteristics: midget size, striped, thin rind, red flesh, numerous tan seeds. Similar: Favorite Honey. N.H. Bul 380. 1950.

White Seeded - Breeder: Mr. Porter, Iowa. Parentage: from African stock. Resistance: fusarium wilt, anthracnose. 1932.

Whitehope - Breeder: Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville. Vendor: Willhite. Parentage: Hawkesbury, Stone Mountain No. 5, Kleckley No. 6, and Tom Watson. Characteristics: early; long; gray rind; high quality. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: southwestern United States. Ark. Farm Res. Vol. IV. 1956.

White-Seeded Cuban Queen (Dixie Queen) - Breeder: Johnson. Vendor: Stokes Seed Co. Parentage: Cuban Queen x Kolb Gem. Characteristics: round fruit 30-40 lb., pink flesh, white seeds, narrow dark green stripes over light green rind; 90 days to harvest; popular with home gardeners, roadside markets, truckers and shippers; fruit oblong or nearly round; rind thin, but tough; flesh crisp and extremely sweet with very few seeds; seeds white and small. 1890.

Wills Sugar - Vendor: O.H. Will Seed Co., Bismarck, North Dakota. 1889.

Wrigley (XP 4590249) - Breeder and vendor: Seminis-Asgrow. Parentage:F1 hybrid. Characteristics: seedless, oval blocky shape with excellent flesh color, maturity 80-90 days, average fruit size 12-16 lb. Resistance: anthracnose, fusarium wilt. Similar: A and C 5244. Adaptation: U.S. wholesale market. 2000.

Yankee Queen - see Merrimack Sweetheart.

Yellow Doll (PSR 4574) - Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, yellow flesh, 5 to 8 pounds, round fruit. Similar: Yellow Baby. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Yellow Dragon (PX 33994) - Breeder: Jose Gomez. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: yellow seeded watermelon, medium blocky fruit, good taste, crisp flesh. Similar: Yellow Doll. Adaptation: wholesale, Pacific rim. 1997.

Yellow Rose (NVH 4299) - Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: semi-elongated fruit with Crimson Sweet rind appearance, yellow-orange flesh color, fruit weigh 22-26 lb, soluble solids content is approximately 10.5 percent. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Tendergold, Tendersweet Orange Flesh. 1992.

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